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St. Charles County, Missouri
Genealogy, History & Facts

St. Charles County, Missouri Facts

StCharles County

When was St. Charles County, MO Created?
St. Charles County was created on October 1, 1812 as one of the five original counties. The county was named in honor of St. Charles Borromeo (1538–1584), an Italian saint and cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church.

What is the County Seat of St. Charles County, MO?
The County Seat is located in Saint Charles and in addition the county government website is

What counties are adjacent to St. Charles County, MO?
Bordering Counties are Lincoln County (northwest), Calhoun County, Illinois (north), Jersey County, Illinois (northeast), Madison County, Illinois (east), St. Louis County (southeast), Franklin County (south), Warren County (west).

What cities and towns are in St. Charles County, MO?
Cities and towns located in the County include Augusta, Cottleville, Dardenne Prairie, Defiance, Flint Hill, Foristell, Harvester, Josephville, Lake St. Louis, Matson, New Melle, O'Fallon, Orchard Farm, Portage Des Sioux, St. Charles, St. Paul, St. Peters, Weldon Spring, Weldon Spring Heights, Wentzville, West Alton.

St. Charles County, MO Vital Records

Where can find St. Charles County Birth, marriage, Divorce and Death Records?
St. Charles County vital records can be found at the Missouri Office of Vital Records has copies of birth and death records reported from January 1, 1910. There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Missouri for current fees and application process.

You can search online for St. Charles County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also Order Electronically Online or can download an application for Missouri Birth and Death CertificateMarriage and Divorce Certificate Application to mail.

Another resource is the St. Charles County Health Department has Birth Certificates since 1920 and Death Certificates since 1980.

St. Charles County, MO Census Records

What St. Charles County, MO census records are available?
There are many types of census records for St. Charles County guide you in researching your family tree. Federal Population Schedules are available for 1820 (missing), 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

St. Charles Co. Slave Schedules is available for 1850 & 1860. St. Charles Co. Mortality Schedules can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. St. Charles Co. Industry and Agriculture can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. St. Charles Co. Union Veterans Schedules can be acquired for 1890. There are free down-loadable and printable census forms to help you with your research. See Also Missouri Census Records Research Guide

St. Charles County, MO Courthouse and Government Records

St. Charles County Courthouse

What genealogical records can I find in the St. Charles County Courthouse?
The below facts shows exactly what death, marriage, birth, property, wills, and court records are typically in St. Charles County. The years listed below are the first noted records with this county. See Also Missouri Corthouse Records Research Guide.

  • St. Charles County Courthouse (all departments listed below are located here, unless otherwise noted)
  • St. Charles County Recorder of Deeds is the place where all transactions having to do with land are recorded and kept on file. They take marriage license applications, issues marriage licenses, files the license after the marriage, and maintains a permanent record of the marriage, surveys and plats of subdivisions, Armed Forces discharge papers for all veterans who reside in the county. Some naturalization records have been found with the deeds.
    • Address: 201 N. Second St., Suite 338, St. Charles, MO 63301
    • Phone: 636.949.7505
    • Marriage Records: 1807 (including Marriage records, 1807-1916; Register of marriage licenses, 1883-1905) 
    • Land Records: 1804 (including Index to deeds, 1804-1888; Deed records, 1804-1890; Index to deeds of trust, 1874-1888; Deeds of trust, 1873-1890) 
  • St. Charles County Circuit Court Clerk / Probate Court Clerk has the direct index to records such as divorces, adoptions, judgment, and tax fee books including direct and indirect indexes. They also retain the index to criminal records and criminal files of the circuit court. Adoptions are under the jurisdiction of the circuit court. Naturalization records, including petitions, declarations of intention, certificates, and certificates of allegiance, and granting of citizenship are also located in the clerk's office, as well as an index to civil case files. The County Probate Division has jurisdiction over the estates of deceased persons. The Division hears all litigation involving trusts, including those trusts established in wills. (In the smaller counties, probate matters are handled in the same office as the associate circuit court office)
    • Address: 300 N. Second St., Suite 216, St. Charles, MO 63301
    • Phone: 636.949.3080
    • Probate Records: 1805  (including Index to probate records, 1852-1886; Pro­bate records, 1827-1886; Probate minutes, 1809-1813, 1829-1834, 1847-1848, 1851-1853 and 1860-1879; Administrator’s/executor’s letters, bonds and records, 1859-1893; Settlement records, 1836-1844 and 1865-1868; Will records, 1822-1917) 
    • Court & Divorce Records: 1808 (including Index to circuit court records, 1842-1974; Circuit court records, 1808-1887) 
  • St. Charles County Clerk of the Court has indexes to common pleas, records of all extant proceedings, chancery minute books, records of births and deaths, county court records, right-of-way and road records, as well as surveyor's records (including field notes and plats made by the county surveyor). This office usually holds the county treasurer's notes, bonds and commissions, records of marks and brands, wolf scalps, stray notices, real estate assessments, and tax books. In some counties, early terms for this court included “Chancery” or the “Court of Common Pleas.”
    • Address: 397 Turner Blvd., St. Peters, MO 63376
    • Phone: 636.949.7550
    • Birth & Death Records: 1867–90 (including County court records, 1836-1 850; City Clerk has birth and death records 1883—1952) 
  • St. Charles County Tax Assessor Office is responsible for appraising and assessing real estate property and person property for the purpose of taxation as well as transferring ownership of real estate, and keeping real estate maps up to date.
  • Local Records Inventory Database
  • State-Issued Land Patents 1831 - 1969
  • BLM Land Records

St. Charles County, MO Societies and Family History Resources

What genealogical and historical societies, archives, museums, associations and libraries are available for St. Charles County, MO?
A list of St. Charles County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Libraries, Archives. See also list of Statewide Missouri Archives, Historical & Genealogical Societies.

Where can I connect with other St. Charles County, MO Researchers through message boards and forums?

What other genealogical resources are available in St. Charles County, MO?
The following are web links to Genealogy, Records and Resources pertaining to St. Charles County. A majority of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Business Sites, Private Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some have to have a payment. This is just a directory which has been gathered or submitted. I do not endorse or promote one genealogy site above another.

St. Charles Co. MO Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

St. Charles Co. MO Books, Newspapers & Publications

St. Charles Co. GA Cemeteries & Church Records

St. Charles Co. MO Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

St. Charles Co. MO General and History Websites

St. Charles Co. MO Military Records

St. Charles Co. MO Schools & Directories

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