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State of Wyoming Genealogy

The State of Wyoming is bordered by Colorado (south), Montana, Nebraska (east), South Dakota (east), Utah (southwest), Idaho (west). It has a land area of 97,818 square miles making it the 10th largest state. The capital is Cheyenne and the official state website is www.wyoming.gov.

Wyoming's 2010 population was 563,626 and the largest cities (2010) are Cheyenne (Capital), 59,011; Casper, 55,316; Laramie, 30,816; Gillette, 29,087; Rock Springs, 23,036; Sheridan, 17,444; Green River, 12,515; Evanston, 12,359; Riverton, 10,615; Cody, 9,520.

The State of Wyoming was organized as territory on May 19, 1869 and entered the union as the 44th state on July 10, 1890. It has 23 Counties.

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Albany, Big Horn, Campbell, Carbon, Converse, Crook, Fremont, Goshen, Hot Springs, Johnson, Laramie, Lincoln, Natrona, Niobrara, Park, Platte, Sheridan, Sublette, Sweetwater, Teton, Uinta, Washakie, Weston

See more information about Wyoming's Counties.

Wyoming History

The State of Wyoming name may be derived from the Delaware Indian word "Maughwauwama," which means "large plains." The State nickname is " The Equality State ". The State Motto is " Equal Rights "

Wyoming is a state that is located in the western portion of the United States. It's capital is Cheyenne. It shares its northern border with Montana. Utah and Colorado border it to the south, while Nebraska and South Dakota border it to the east. The only state that shares its western border is Montana.

In 1865, a United States Congress member representing Ohio suggested that portions of Idaho, Utah, and Dakota be combined into a new territory. At that time, Wyoming received its name, which comes from the Native American word " mecheweamiing." That means "at the big plains." The name was first used to describe Wyoming Valley, which is located in Pennsylvania.

One nickname for Wyoming is the "Cowboy State." However, it is also sometimes referred to as the Equality State." That nickname refers to the fact that it was the first state that gave the right of the vote to women. In fact, it did so when it was still a territory, in 1869. When it gained its statehood, women in the state kept that right.

In 1868, Wyoming Territory was created. It stayed a territory until it gained its statehood, which was on July 10, 1890. It was the 44th state to enter the Union. Wyoming, which is well known for its mining and agriculture, has the lowest population of any U.S. state. However, it has a thriving tourist trade, with tourists flocking to the state to see its scenery and natural wilderness.

Most of what became Wyoming Territory on July 25, 1868 originally was part of Dakota Territory. Early on in its history, it was known for fur trading, the Oregon Trail, and its various forts. Then, between 1867 and 1869, the Union Pacific Railroad was run through the area. Several towns were along the railroad's line, including: Rock Springs, Rawlins, Laramie, Green River, Evanston, Cheyenne.

A lot of the present-day businesses and industries in the state of Wyoming can trace their roots back to the Union Pacific Railroad's early days. The railroad also brought several Chinese workers to the area. So, some of today's Chinese residents of Wyoming can trace their roots back to the early railroad days as well.

Wyoming's Sweetwater County became quite popular in the 1860s and 1870s because of the booming mining industry in the area. Mining eventually created several other industries that popped up in the area, which led to the formation of several new towns, including: South Pass City, Red Canyon, Miner's Delight, Atlantic City.

When Wyoming became a state, on July 10, 1890, most of its population was from foreign countries. Some of the countries represented were: Austria, Canada, China, Denmark, England, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Norway, Russia, Scotland, Sweden, Wales.

About 200 African American people traveled to an area near Hanna, which was called Dana, from Harrison County, Ohio. They came to the area to work in the coal mines. However, they soon left the area. Then, in 1896, the Big Horn Basin became home to a small group of German-Russian people.

Most Wyoming land was not settled or patented between 1890 and 1897, even though the land was open for settlement during that time period. Dry farming began in Wyoming in 1909 and several dry farmers were attracted to the area by the enlarged homesteaded acts. The fact that Congress reduced the residence requirement for homestead from 5 years to 3 years in 1912 also helped to encourage new residents. In addition to that, the new rule stated that homesteaders could be away from the property for 5 months per year, if they wanted to leave for any reason.

Most of the public land entries in the state of Wyoming took place in the 1900s. The busiest years for such land entries were 1920 and 1921. However, depressions and droughts caused an economic downturn in the area for quite some time. When World War II came to a close, petroleum, crude oil, and cattle became the major industries in the state. However, one of the major industries in the state today is the tourism industry.

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