Fairfield County, Connecticut

Fairfield County

Fairfield County was established on May 10, 1666 and was formed as One of four original counties created in Connecticut. The county was named for the hundreds of acres of salt marsh that bordered the coast. The County Seats were Fairfield (1666-1853) and Bridgeport (1853-1960)

Areas adjacent to Fairfield County are Litchfield County (north), New Haven County (east), Westchester County, New York (southwest), Putnam County, New York (west), Dutchess County, New York (northwest).

Cities and towns located in the county include Bethel, Bridgeport (consolidated city-town), Brookfield, Danbury (consolidated city-town), Darien, Easton, Fairfield, Greenwich, Monroe, New Canaan, New Fairfield, Newtown, Norwalk (consolidated city-town), Redding, Ridgefield, Shelton (consolidated city-town), Sherman, Stamford (consolidated city-town), Stratford, Trumbull, Weston, Westport and Wilton.

Fairfield County vital records can be found at the Connecticut Office of Vital Records has copies of birth, marriage, divorce and death records. There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Connecticut for current fees and application process. Birth, marriage, and death records are connected with central life events.

You can search online for Fairfield County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also Order Electronically Online or can download an application for Connecticut Birth Certificate, Marriage Certificate, Death Certificate Application or Town or City Birth Certificate, Marriage Certificate, Death Certificate Application to mail.

Fairfield County does have Federal Census Schedules to guide in looking into your family tree. Federal government Population Schedules are available for 1790, 1800, 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Fairfield Co. Mortality Schedules can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Fairfield Co. Industry and Agriculture Schedules can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Fairfield Co. Union Veterans Schedules can be found for 1890. One can find free online and printable census forms that can help with your research.


Fairfield County Society and Family History Resources

A list of Fairfield County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Forums, Message Boards, Libraries, Archives.

Fairfield County Courthouse and Government Records

Researchers often overlook the importance of Fairfield County court, probate, and land records as a source of genealogy and family history information. Buried away in Connecticut courthouses and archives everywhere are the dreams and frustrations of many Connecticut citizens. The chances are great that your ancestors have left a detailed record of at least some aspects of their lives in the Fairfield County court records. Even if your ancestor is not mentioned in a Court case, consider all of the other procedures which could have lead to him or her appearing in court records.

NOTE: Counties were abolished officially in 1959 though their purpose had been chiefly to define county court districts. For genealogical research purposes, counties become necessary when using the federal census returns, since they are all cataloged by county.

All deeds, vital records, and probate records for all Connecticut towns are available to 1900 on microfilm at the Connecticut State Library or through the FHL. See also Connecticut Towns and Their Establishment

Taxes were levied for personal property and land through most of Connecticut's history. The town assessor (or lister) made annual lists or rates of all taxables. This generated a considerable number of tax lists across time, but the Connecticut State Library has a list of various tax records still at the town clerk's offices. The Connecticut Historical Society and the genealogical collections throughout the state have some records.

Those matters not in the realm of the superior court were heard by the county courts (initially called prerogative or common pleas). The county court, begun in 1666, was abolished in 1955, and its functions were divided between justice courts and superior courts. Most of the county records, to its abolition date, are at the Conneticut State Library.

Fairfield County Links

The following are links to Genealogy, Records and Resources relating to Fairfield County. These genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Commercial Sites, Personal Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some require a payment.  This is just a list that has been collected or submitted. I do not endorse or promote one genealogy site above another. Feel free to submit your own favorite genealogy or family history related sites.

Fairfield Co. CT Books, Newspapers & Publications

Fairfield Co. CT Birth, Marriage & Death Records

Fairfield Co. CT Court, Probate Land and Tax Records

Fairfield Co. CT Census Records

Fairfield Co. CT Church & Cemeteries

Fairfield Co. CT Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Fairfield Co. CT General and History Websites

Fairfield Co. CT Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Fairfield Co. CT Military Records

Fairfield Co. CT Schools & Directories

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