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Dutchess County, New York
Genealogy, History & Facts

Dutchess County, New York Facts

Dutchess County

When was Dutchess County, NY Created?
Dutchess County was created on November 1, 1683 as one of 12 original counties created in theNew York colony. This particular county was named in honor of Lady Anne Hyde (1637–1671), Duchess of York and wife of King James II of England.

What is the County Seat of Dutchess County, NY?
The County Seat is located in Poughkeepsie and in addition the county government website is

What counties are adjacent to Dutchess County, NY?
Bordering Counties are Columbia County (north), Berkshire County, MA (northeast), Litchfield County, CT (east), Fairfield County, CT (southeast), Putnam County (south), Orange County (southwest), Ulster County (west) .

What cities and towns are in Dutchess County, NY?
Cities and towns located in the County include Beacon, Poughkeepsie, Amenia, Beekman, Clinton, Dover, East Fishkill, Fishkill, Hyde Park, LaGrange, Milan, North East, Pawling, Pine Plains, Pleasant Valley, Poughkeepsie, Red Hook, Rhinebeck, Stanford, Union Vale, Wappinger, Washington. Villages include Fishkill, Millbrook, Millerton, Pawling, Red Hook, Rhinebeck, Tivoli, Wappingers Falls. Communities include Amenia, Annadale-on-Hudson, Arlington, Brinckerhoff, Crown Heights, Dover Plains, Fairview, Haviland, Hillside Lake, Hopewell Junction, Myers Corner, New Hamburg, Pine Plains, Red Oaks Mill, Rhinecliff, Salt Point, Shekomeko, Spackenkill, Staatsburg, Wassaic.

Dutchess County, NY Vital Records

Where can find Dutchess County Birth, marriage, Divorce and Death Records?
Dutchess County vital records can be found at the New York Department of Health which has copies of birth records after 1881 and death records after 1880, copies of marriage since 1881 (A marriage license may also sometimes be found in the office of the town or city clerk who issued the license) and a Divorce records since 1847 (Is handled in the supreme court for the county in which the divorce was heard. Divorce files, however, are sealed for one hundred years). There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in New York for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Dutchess County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also Order Electronically Online or can download an application for New York Birth and Death Certificate, Marriage and Divorce Certificate Application to mail.

Dutchess County, NY Census Records

What Dutchess County, NY census records are available?
There are many types of census records for Dutchess County guide you in researching your family tree. Federal Population Schedules are available for 1790, 1800, 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Dutchess Co. Mortality Schedules can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Dutchess Co. Industry and Agriculture is available for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Dutchess Co. Union Veterans Schedules can be obtained for 1890.

There are New York State censuses from 1880, 1892, 1905, 1855, 1865, 1875, 1892, 1905, 1915, 1925. You can get free downloadable and also printable census forms to help you with your research. See Also New York Census Records Research Guide

Dutchess County, NY Courthouse and Government Records

Dutchess County Courthouse

What genealogical records can I find in the Dutchess County Courthouse?
The below facts shows exactly what death, marriage, birth, property, wills, and court records are typically in Dutchess County. The years listed below are the first noted records with this county. See Also New York Corthouse Records Research Guide.

  • Dutchess County Courthouse (all departments listed below are located here, unless otherwise noted)
    • Address: 22 Market Street, Poughkeepsie, NY 12601
    • Also contact local Town Clerks. They are responsible for vast amounts of local information from deeds, property transfers, and genealogical materials. Research on place and road names, the history of property transfers and much more are available through your Town Clerk. They are a tremendous resources.
  • Dutchess County Clerk  is the keeper of most civil and criminal trial court records for Supreme Court and County Court, naturalizations, marriages (1908–35), censuses (Some county clerks' offices hold duplicate copies of some of the State censuses taken periodically between 1825 and 1925 and copies of the federal census), as well as deeds and mortgages.
    • Phone: 845–486-2120
    • Land Records: 1718 (Land conveyances, deeds and mortgages are recorded in the county clerks' offices or in the New York City Register's Office. Recording of deeds became mandatory statewide in 1840. Before that many deeds were not recorded)
    • Court Records: 1718
    • Naturalization Records: State court naturalization records remain in custody of the county clerks. Older court naturalization records have been transferred to the National Archives--Northeast Region.
  • Dutchess County Surrogate Court Clerk maintain records of wills, letters testamentary, letters of administration, orders and decrees, and appointments of guardians; and filed papers, including original wills, petitions for probate (gives date of death and lists next of kin), performance bonds, property inventories (seldom found after ca. 1900), administrator's or executor's accountings, etc. Surrogate's Courts create comprehensive indexes to records and files.
    • Phone: (845) 486-2235
    • Probate Records: 1752 (each county generally has records dating back to the establishment of the county or 1787, whichever was later. Record keeping was systematized by an 1830 statute)
  • Dutchess County Treasurer is responsible for the collection of taxes.
  • Dutchess County Historian maintains archival holdings for virtually every facet of the county’s history. In New York State, every municipality (town, city, village, county) must have an appointed historian. Most of the towns have their own historians as well and each can be contacted. The County Historian may provide access to obituaries, vital records, church records, maps, and family files or journals. Some historians provide search services for their office records and others may refer you to local genealogists who research in the area.
    • Address: 549 Main Street, PO Box 88, Poughkeepsie, NY 12602
    • Phone: 845-486-3669
  • Abstracts of wills of Dutchess County, New York  
  • Index to wills of Dutchess County, N.Y.
  • New York Wills, 1626-1836
  • BLM Land Records

Dutchess County, NY Societies and Family History Resources

What genealogical and historical societies, archives, museums, associations and libraries are available for Dutchess County, NY?
A list of Dutchess County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Libraries, Archives. See also list of Statewide New York Archives, Historical & Genealogical Societies.

Where can I connect with other Dutchess County, NY Researchers through message boards and forums?

What other genealogical resources are available in Dutchess County, NY?
The following are web links to Genealogy, Records and Resources pertaining to Dutchess County. Most of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Business oriented Sites, Private Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some have to have a cost. This is simply a listing that has been compiled or submitted. I do not recommend or promote one genealogy site over another.

Dutchess Co. NY Books, Newspapers & Publications

Dutchess Co. NY Cemeteries & Church Records

Dutchess Co. NY Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Dutchess Co. NY General and History Websites

Dutchess Co. NY Immigration & Naturalization

Dutchess Co. NY Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Dutchess Co. NY Military Records

Dutchess Co. NY Schools & Directories

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