Dutchess County, New York
Genealogy and Facts
Dutchess County, New York genealogy and family tree research page. Discover links to record collections, history, and genealogy sources to assist you to you track your personal Dutchess Co. ancestors. Get started by building a Free Family Tree.
Dutchess County was created on November 1, 1683 as one of 12 original counties created in theNew York colony. This particular county was named in honor of Lady Anne Hyde (1637–1671), Duchess of York and wife of King James II of England.
The Dutchess County Seat can be found in Poughkeepsie and in addition the county government website is co.dutchess.ny.us/
Regions neighboring Dutchess County include Columbia County (north), Berkshire County, MA (northeast), Litchfield County, CT (east), Fairfield County, CT (southeast), Putnam County (south), Orange County (southwest), Ulster County (west) .
Cities and Towns to be found in Dutchess County consists of Beacon, Poughkeepsie, Amenia, Beekman, Clinton, Dover, East Fishkill, Fishkill, Hyde Park, LaGrange, Milan, North East, Pawling, Pine Plains, Pleasant Valley, Poughkeepsie, Red Hook, Rhinebeck, Stanford, Union Vale, Wappinger, Washington. Villages include Fishkill, Millbrook, Millerton, Pawling, Red Hook, Rhinebeck, Tivoli, Wappingers Falls. Communities include Amenia, Annadale-on-Hudson, Arlington, Brinckerhoff, Crown Heights, Dover Plains, Fairview, Haviland, Hillside Lake, Hopewell Junction, Myers Corner, New Hamburg, Pine Plains, Red Oaks Mill, Rhinecliff, Salt Point, Shekomeko, Spackenkill, Staatsburg, Wassaic.
Dutchess County does have Federal Census Schedules to help in looking into your family tree. United states federal Population Schedules are present for 1790, 1800, 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.
Dutchess Co. Mortality Schedules can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Dutchess Co. Industry and Agriculture is available for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Dutchess Co. Union Veterans Schedules can be obtained for 1890. You can get free downloadable and also printable census forms that can help with your research.
Dutchess County Societies and Family History Resources
A list of Dutchess County Historical and Genealogical Societies, Forums, Message Boards, Libraries, Archives.
- New York State Genealogy Network (facebook.com)
- Dutchess County Records Management , 170 Washington Street , Poughkeepsie, NY 12601; (845) 486-3677
- Dutchess Co Historical Society, Poughkeepsie, NY 12601; Phone: (845) 471-1630
- Dutchess County Genealogical Society, P.O. Box 708, Poughkeepsie 12602
- Adriance Memorial Library, 93 Market St., Poughkeepsie, NY 12601, (845) 485-3445 x3311
- Starr Library, 68 West Market Street, Rhinebeck, New York 12572, Telephone 845.876.4030
- Municipal Historians of Dutchess County
- New York Genealogy Research Community (facebook.com)
- Dutchess County, New York Message Boards (boards.ancestry.com) read and post messages about your ancestors in Dutchess County
- Dutchess County, New York Genealogy Forum (genforum.genealogy.com) read and post messages with other genealogy researchers for Dutchess County
- USGenWeb Archives for Dutchess County (usgwarchives.net)
Dutchess County Courthouse and Government Records
Researchers frequently overlook the significance of Dutchess County court, probate, and land documents as a resource of family history and genealogy details. Buried away in New York courthouses and archives just about everywhere could be the aspirations and worries of the many New York men and women.
The possibilities are excellent that your particular ancestors and forefathers have left a comprehensive document of at least a number of factors of their lives in the Dutchess County court records. Even if your forebears is not discussed in a Court case, contemplate all of the other procedures that could have lead to him or her appearing in court records.
Please make sure to contact the clerk's office to verify hours, mailing address, fees and other specifics prior to visiting or inquiring information because of occasionally changing contact details. The Department Offices DO NOT DO RESEARCH. The files are readily available to interested parties, barring confidential issues. A good number of staff will help people in locating the resources, however it is up to the person to carry out the research.
The following indicates what vital, land, probate, and court records are in Dutchess county. The dates indicated below are the first known records for each county. Almost uninhabited until 1701, Dutchess was administered by Ulster County from that time until at least 1713. Some older records, including marriages, 1908 - 35; state and federal censuses; tax records, 1854 - 1954; and the “Ancient Documents” series are at the County Records Center and Archives, 27 High St., Poughkeepsie 12601.
- Dutchess County Courthouse (all departments listed below are located here, unless otherwise noted)
- Address: 22 Market Street, Poughkeepsie, NY 12601
- Also contact local Town Clerks. They are responsible for vast amounts of local information from deeds, property transfers, and genealogical materials. Research on place and road names, the history of property transfers and much more are available through your Town Clerk. They are a tremendous resources.
- Dutchess County Clerk is the keeper of most civil and criminal trial court records for Supreme Court and County Court, naturalizations, marriages (1908–35), censuses (Some county clerks' offices hold duplicate copies of some of the State censuses taken periodically between 1825 and 1925 and copies of the federal census), as well as deeds and mortgages.
- Phone: 845–486-2120
- Land Records: 1718 (Land conveyances, deeds and mortgages are recorded in the county clerks' offices or in the New York City Register's Office. Recording of deeds became mandatory statewide in 1840. Before that many deeds were not recorded)
- Court Records: 1718
- Naturalization Records: State court naturalization records remain in custody of the county clerks. Older court naturalization records have been transferred to the National Archives--Northeast Region.
- Dutchess County Surrogate Court Clerk maintain records of wills, letters testamentary, letters of administration, orders and decrees, and appointments of guardians; and filed papers, including original wills, petitions for probate (gives date of death and lists next of kin), performance bonds, property inventories (seldom found after ca. 1900), administrator's or executor's accountings, etc. Surrogate's Courts create comprehensive indexes to records and files.
- Phone: (845) 486-2235
- Probate Records: 1752 (each county generally has records dating back to the establishment of the county or 1787, whichever was later. Record keeping was systematized by an 1830 statute)
- Dutchess County Treasurer is responsible for the collection of taxes.
- Dutchess County Historian maintains archival holdings for virtually every facet of the county’s history. In New York State, every municipality (town, city, village, county) must have an appointed historian. Most of the towns have their own historians as well and each can be contacted. The County Historian may provide access to obituaries, vital records, church records, maps, and family files or journals. Some historians provide search services for their office records and others may refer you to local genealogists who research in the area.
- Address: 549 Main Street, PO Box 88, Poughkeepsie, NY 12602
- Phone: 845-486-3669
- New York Department of Health has copies of birth records after 1881 and death records after 1880, copies of marriage since 1881 (A marriage license may also sometimes be found in the office of the town or city clerk who issued the license) and a Divorce records since 1847 (Is handled in the supreme court for the county in which the divorce was heard. Divorce files, however, are sealed for one hundred years). There is a fee for each copy requested. Birth, marriage, and death records are connected with central life events.
Dutchess County Links
The following are web links to Family history and genealogy, Records and Resources relevant to Dutchess County. Most of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Business oriented Sites, Private Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some have to have a cost. This is simply a listing that has been compiled or submitted. I do not recommend or promote one genealogy site over another. Feel free to suggest your own favorite Dutchess County genealogy or family history related sites.
Dutchess Co. NY Books, Newspapers & Publications
Dutchess Co. NY Birth, Marriage & Death Records
Dutchess Co. NY Court, Probate Land and Tax Records
Dutchess Co. NY Census Records
- See Also Statewide Census Records for New York
- First federal census of all Dutchess County, New York : comprising 12 towns, Amenia, Beekman, Clinton, Fishkill, Frederickstown (search.ancestry.com)
- Dutchess County, NY Census Records (census-online.com)
- Dutchess County, NY Census QuickFacts (quickfacts.census.gov)
- U.S. Census Mortality Schedules, New York, 1850-1880 (search.ancestry.com)
- Dutchess Co., NY GenWeb Archives Census Records (usgwarchives.net)
Dutchess Co. NY Cemeteries & Graveyards
- See Also Statewide Cemetery Records for New York
- Sharon, Connecticut, Burying Grounds (search.ancestry.com)
- Dutchess County, New York cemeteries (search.ancestry.com)
- Tombstone inscriptions from the churchyard of the First Reformed Dutch Church of Fishkill village, Dutchess Co., N.Y. (search.ancestry.com)
- Inscriptions from church-yard of St. Peter's Lutheran Church (Old Stone Church), Rhinebeck, Dutchess County, N.Y. (search.ancestry.com)
- Some of the oldest in the rural cemetery-Fishkill, Dutchess Co., N.Y. (search.ancestry.com)
- Dutchess Co., New York Graves (findagrave.com)
- Dutchess County Tombstone Transcription Project (usgwtombstones.org)
- Dutchess Co., New York Cemeteries (Internment.net)
- Topographic Cemetery List and Map for Dutchess County, New York (topozone.com)
- Dutchess Co., New York Cemetery Books (amazon.com)
Dutchess Co. NY Church & Bible Records
Dutchess Co. NY Family Websites, Pictures & Histories
Dutchess Co. NY General and History Websites
Dutchess Co. NY Immigration & Naturalization
Dutchess Co. NY Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers
Dutchess Co. NY Military Records
Dutchess Co. NY Schools & Directories