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Monroe County, New York
Genealogy, History & Facts

Monroe County, New York Facts

Monroe County

When was Monroe County, NY Created?
Monroe County was created on February 23, 1821 from Genesee County and Ontario County. This particular county was named in honor of James Monroe (1758–1831), the early American statesman and fifth President of the United States.

What is the County Seat of Monroe County, NY?
The County Seat is located in Rochester and in addition the county government website is

What counties are adjacent to Monroe County, NY?
Bordering Counties are Lake Ontario and Canada (north), Wayne County (east), Ontario County (southeast), Livingston County (south), Orleans County (west), Genesee County (west).

What cities and towns are in Monroe County, NY?
Cities and towns located in the County include Brighton (town), Brockport (village), Chili (town), Churchville (village), Clarkson (town), East Rochester (village and town), Fairport (village), Gates (town), Greece (town), Hamlin (town), Henrietta (town), Hilton (village), Honeoye Falls (village), Irondequoit (town), Mendon (town), Ogden (town), Parma (town), Penfield (town), Perinton (town), Pittsford (village), Pittsford (town), Riga (town), Rochester (city), Rush (town), Scottsville (village), Spencerport (village), Sweden (town), Webster (town), Webster (village), Wheatland (town).

Monroe County, NY Vital Records

Where can find Monroe County Birth, marriage, Divorce and Death Records?
Monroe County vital records can be found at the New York Department of Health which has copies of birth records after 1881 and death records after 1880, copies of marriage since 1881 (A marriage license may also sometimes be found in the office of the town or city clerk who issued the license) and a Divorce records since 1847 (Is handled in the supreme court for the county in which the divorce was heard. Divorce files, however, are sealed for one hundred years). There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in New York for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Monroe County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also Order Electronically Online or can download an application for New York Birth and Death Certificate, Marriage and Divorce Certificate Application to mail.

You can also get vital records from the Monroe County Department of Health, 111 Westfall Road, Rochester, NY 14692; (585) 274-6140; The Health Department has birth and death records since 1880 for $11.00 fee. Marriage records are still with the Town Clerks or the Rochester Records Management Office in the City of Rochester.

Monroe County, NY Census Records

What Monroe County, NY census records are available?
There are many types of census records for Monroe County guide you in researching your family tree. Federal Population Schedules are available for 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Monroe Co. Mortality Schedules can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Monroe Co. Industry and Agriculture is available for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Monroe Co. Union Veterans Schedules can be obtained for 1890.

There are New York State censuses from 1880, 1892, 1905, 1855, 1865, 1875, 1892, 1905, 1915, 1925. You can get free downloadable and also printable census forms to help you with your research. See Also New York Census Records Research Guide

Monroe County, NY Courthouse and Government Records

Monroe County Courthouse

What genealogical records can I find in the Monroe County Courthouse?
The below facts shows exactly what death, marriage, birth, property, wills, and court records are typically in Monroe County. The years listed below are the first noted records with this county. See Also New York Corthouse Records Research Guide.

  • Monroe County Courthouse (all departments listed below are located here, unless otherwise noted)
    • Address: 39 W. Main St., Rochester, NY 14614
    • Also contact local Town Clerks. They are responsible for vast amounts of local information from deeds, property transfers, and genealogical materials. Research on place and road names, the history of property transfers and much more are available through your Town Clerk. They are a tremendous resources.
  • Monroe County Clerk  is the keeper of most civil and criminal trial court records for Supreme Court and County Court, naturalizations, marriages (1908–35), censuses (Some county clerks' offices hold duplicate copies of some of the State censuses taken periodically between 1825 and 1925 and copies of the federal census), as well as deeds and mortgages.
    • Phone: 585 753-1600
    • Land Records: 1821 (Land conveyances, deeds and mortgages are recorded in the county clerks' offices or in the New York City Register's Office. Recording of deeds became mandatory statewide in 1840. Before that many deeds were not recorded)
    • Court Records: 1821
    • Naturalization Records: State court naturalization records remain in custody of the county clerks. Older court naturalization records have been transferred to the National Archives--Northeast Region.
  • Monroe County Surrogate Court Clerk maintain records of wills, letters testamentary, letters of administration, orders and decrees, and appointments of guardians; and filed papers, including original wills, petitions for probate (gives date of death and lists next of kin), performance bonds, property inventories (seldom found after ca. 1900), administrator's or executor's accountings, etc. Surrogate's Courts create comprehensive indexes to records and files.
    • Address: 99 Exchange Blvd., Rochester, NY 14614
    • Phone: (585) 428-5200
    • Probate Records: 1824 (each county generally has records dating back to the establishment of the county or 1787, whichever was later. Record keeping was systematized by an 1830 statute)
  • Monroe County Treasurer is responsible for the collection of taxes.
  • Monroe County Historian maintains archival holdings for virtually every facet of the county’s history. In New York State, every municipality (town, city, village, county) must have an appointed historian. Most of the towns have their own historians as well and each can be contacted. The County Historian may provide access to obituaries, vital records, church records, maps, and family files or journals. Some historians provide search services for their office records and others may refer you to local genealogists who research in the area.
    • Address: 3690 East Avenue, Rochester, NY 14618
    • Phone: 585-385-8244
  • Monroe County, New York, abstracts of wills
  • New York Wills, 1626-1836
  • BLM Land Records

Monroe County, NY Societies and Family History Resources

What genealogical and historical societies, archives, museums, associations and libraries are available for Monroe County, NY?
A list of Monroe County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Libraries, Archives. See also list of Statewide New York Archives, Historical & Genealogical Societies.

Where can I connect with other Monroe County, NY Researchers through message boards and forums?

What other genealogical resources are available in Monroe County, NY?
The following are web links to Genealogy, Records and Resources pertaining to Monroe County. Most of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Business oriented Sites, Private Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some have to have a cost. This is simply a listing that has been compiled or submitted. I do not recommend or promote one genealogy site over another.

Monroe Co. NY Books, Newspapers & Publications

Monroe Co. NY Cemeteries & Church Records

Monroe Co. NY Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Monroe Co. NY General and History Websites

Monroe Co. NY Immigration & Naturalization

Monroe Co. NY Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Monroe Co. NY Military Records

Monroe Co. NY Schools & Directories

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