Erie County, New York
Genealogy and Facts
Erie County, New York genealogy and family tree research page. Discover links to record collections, history, and genealogy sources to assist you to you track your personal Erie Co. ancestors. Get started by building a Free Family Tree.
Erie County was created on April 2, 1821 and formed from Niagara County. This particular county was named for the Erie tribe of Native Americans .
The Erie County Seat can be found in Buffalo and in addition the county government website is www.erie.gov/
Regions neighboring Erie County include Niagara County (north), Wyoming County (east), Genesee County (east), Cattaraugus County (south), Chautauqua County (southwest) .
Cities and Towns to be found in Erie County consists of Akron (village), Alden (town), Alden (village), Amherst (town), Angola on the Lake, Angola (village), Aurora (town), Billington Heights, Blasdell (village), Boston (town), Brant (town), Buffalo (city), Cheektowaga (town), Clarence Center, Clarence (town), Colden (town), Collins (town), Concord (town), Depew (village), East Amherst (hamlet), East Aurora (village), Eden (town), Elma Center, Elma (town), Evans (town), Farnham (village), Gowanda (village), Grand Island (town), Hamburg (town), Hamburg (village), Harris Hill, Holland (town), Kenmore (village), Lackawanna (city), Lake Erie Beach, Lake View (hamlet), Lancaster (town), Lancaster (village), Marilla (town), Newstead (town), North Boston, North Collins (town), North Collins (village), Orchard Park (town), Orchard Park (village), Sardinia (town), Sloan (village), Springville (village), Tonawanda (town), Tonawanda (city), Town Line, Wales (town), West Seneca (town), Williamsville (village).
Erie County does have Federal Census Schedules to help in looking into your family tree. United states federal Population Schedules are present for 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.
Erie Co. Mortality Schedules can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Erie Co. Industry and Agriculture is available for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Erie Co. Union Veterans Schedules can be obtained for 1890. You can get free downloadable and also printable census forms that can help with your research.
Erie County Societies and Family History Resources
A list of Erie County Historical and Genealogical Societies, Forums, Message Boards, Libraries, Archives.
- New York State Genealogy Network (facebook.com)
- Erie County,New York Town Historians, Historical Societies and Historical Museums
- Buffalo and Erie County Historical Society, 25 Nottingham Court, Buffalo, NY 14216, 716-873-9644
- Buffalo & Western Ny Italian Genealogy Society, 171 Fowler Street, Kenmore 14217-1503
- Buffalo Genealogical Society Of The African Diaspora, Buffalo
- Buffalo and Erie County Library, Lafayette Square, Buffalo, NY 14203, 716-858-8900
- Erie County Historical Federation, 11 Danforth Street, Chektowaga, NY 14227
- Western New York Genealogical Society, P.O. Box 338, Hamburg, N.Y. 14075-0338
- Central New York Genealogical Society, Box 104, Calvin Station , Syracuse, New York 13205
- Rough list of manuscripts in the library of the Buffalo Historical Society (search.ancestry.com)
- Grosvenor Room Genealogy, Buffalo and Erie County Public Library, Lafayette Square, Buffalo, NY 14203, (716) 858-8900
- Western New York Genealogical Society Library, Hamburg Historical Society Museum, 5859 South Park Avenue, Rt. 62, Hamburg, NY
- E. H. Butler Library, Archives and Special Collections, Buffalo State College, 1300 Elmwood Avenue, Buffalo, NY 14222, Phone: (716) 878-6300, Archivist Phone: (716) 878-6308
- Rev. J. Clayton Murray, S.J., Archives & Special Collections, Andrew L. Bouwhuis Library, Canisius College, 2001 Main Street, Buffalo, NY 14208-1098, Phone: 716-888-8406
- New York Genealogy Research Community (facebook.com)
- Erie County, New York Message Boards (boards.ancestry.com) read and post messages about your ancestors in Erie County
- Erie County, New York Genealogy Forum (genforum.genealogy.com) read and post messages with other genealogy researchers for Erie County
- USGenWeb Archives for Erie County (usgwarchives.net)
Erie County Courthouse and Government Records
Researchers frequently overlook the significance of Erie County court, probate, and land documents as a resource of family history and genealogy details. Buried away in New York courthouses and archives just about everywhere could be the aspirations and worries of the many New York men and women.
The possibilities are excellent that your particular ancestors and forefathers have left a comprehensive document of at least a number of factors of their lives in the Erie County court records. Even if your forebears is not discussed in a Court case, contemplate all of the other procedures that could have lead to him or her appearing in court records.
Please make sure to contact the clerk's office to verify hours, mailing address, fees and other specifics prior to visiting or inquiring information because of occasionally changing contact details. The Department Offices DO NOT DO RESEARCH. The files are readily available to interested parties, barring confidential issues. A good number of staff will help people in locating the resources, however it is up to the person to carry out the research.
The following indicates what vital, land, probate, and court records are in Erie county. The dates indicated below are the first known records for each county. In 1813 the British burned the courthouse in Buffalo, then the seat of Niagara County, destroying records that also included Cattaraugus and Chautauqua counties.
- Erie County Courthouse (all departments listed below are located here, unless otherwise noted)
- Address: 92 Franklin Street, Buffalo, NY 14202
- Also contact local Town Clerks. They are responsible for vast amounts of local information from deeds, property transfers, and genealogical materials. Research on place and road names, the history of property transfers and much more are available through your Town Clerk. They are a tremendous resources.
- Erie County Clerk is the keeper of most civil and criminal trial court records for Supreme Court and County Court, naturalizations, marriages (1908–35), censuses (Some county clerks' offices hold duplicate copies of some of the State censuses taken periodically between 1825 and 1925 and copies of the federal census), as well as deeds and mortgages.
- Address: 25 Delaware Avenue, Buffalo, New York 14202
- Phone: 716-846-8865
- Land Records: 1808 (Land conveyances, deeds and mortgages are recorded in the county clerks' offices or in the New York City Register's Office. Recording of deeds became mandatory statewide in 1840. Before that many deeds were not recorded)
- Court Records: 1808
- Naturalization Records: State court naturalization records remain in custody of the county clerks. Older court naturalization records have been transferred to the National Archives--Northeast Region.
- Erie County Surrogate Court Clerk maintain records of wills, letters testamentary, letters of administration, orders and decrees, and appointments of guardians; and filed papers, including original wills, petitions for probate (gives date of death and lists next of kin), performance bonds, property inventories (seldom found after ca. 1900), administrator's or executor's accountings, etc. Surrogate's Courts create comprehensive indexes to records and files.
- Phone: 716-845-2560
- Probate Records: 1800 (each county generally has records dating back to the establishment of the county or 1787, whichever was later. Record keeping was systematized by an 1830 statute)
- Erie County Treasurer is responsible for the collection of taxes.
- Erie County Historian maintains archival holdings for virtually every facet of the county’s history. In New York State, every municipality (town, city, village, county) must have an appointed historian. Most of the towns have their own historians as well and each can be contacted. The County Historian may provide access to obituaries, vital records, church records, maps, and family files or journals. Some historians provide search services for their office records and others may refer you to local genealogists who research in the area.
- Address: 95 Franklin Street, 16th Floor, Buffalo, NY 14202
- Phone: 716–858–8500
- New York Department of Health has copies of birth records after 1881 and death records after 1880, copies of marriage since 1881 (A marriage license may also sometimes be found in the office of the town or city clerk who issued the license) and a Divorce records since 1847 (Is handled in the supreme court for the county in which the divorce was heard. Divorce files, however, are sealed for one hundred years). There is a fee for each copy requested. Birth, marriage, and death records are connected with central life events.
Erie County Links
The following are web links to Family history and genealogy, Records and Resources relevant to Erie County. Most of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Business oriented Sites, Private Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some have to have a cost. This is simply a listing that has been compiled or submitted. I do not recommend or promote one genealogy site over another. Feel free to suggest your own favorite Erie County genealogy or family history related sites.
Erie Co. NY Books, Newspapers & Publications
Erie Co. NY Birth, Marriage & Death Records
Erie Co. NY Court, Probate Land and Tax Records
Erie Co. NY Census Records
Erie Co. NY Cemeteries & Graveyards
Erie Co. NY Church & Bible Records
Erie Co. NY Family Websites, Pictures & Histories
Erie Co. NY General and History Websites
- See Also State History for New York
- Erie County, New York Wikipedia (wikipedia.org)
- Mortality in retail trade : a statistical analysis of entrances into and exits from the retail grocery, drug, hardware, and sho (search.ancestry.com)
- Pamphlets and books printed in Buffalo prior to 1850 : being a supplement to the list compiled by Dr. F.H. Severance and publis (search.ancestry.com)
- History of northwestern New York : Erie, Niagara, Wyoming, Genesee and Orleans Counties (search.ancestry.com)
- Municipality of Buffalo, New York : a history, 1720-1923 (search.ancestry.com)
- Our county and its people : a descriptive work on Erie County, New York (search.ancestry.com)
- History of the city of Buffalo and Erie County : with illustrations and biographical sketches of some of its prominent men and (search.ancestry.com)
- History of the original town of Concord : being the present towns of Concord, Collins, N. Collins and Sardinia, Erie County, Ne (search.ancestry.com)
- Erie County, New York Wiki (familysearch.org)
- Erie Co. NY Genealogy (kindredtrails.com)
- Family History Library (familysearch.org)
- Erie County, New York (linkpendium.com)
- Cyndi's List - United States - New York - Counties - Erie (cyndislist.com)
- Erie County New York (genealogytrails.com)
- Erie Co. NYGenweb (usgennet.org)
- Erie County Genealogy Queries (cousinconnect.com)
- Erie Co. Data Collections (search.ancestry.com)
Erie Co. NY Immigration & Naturalization
Erie Co. NY Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers
Erie Co. NY Military Records
- See Also Statewide Military Records for New York
- Records of solders and officers in the military service, Brant, N.Y., 1865 (search.ancestry.com)
- New York, Civil War Service Records of Union Soldiers, 1861-1865 (familysearch.org)
- New York Civil War Records (1861-65) (search.ancestry.com)
- New York Military Records (Fold3.com) provides easy access to military records, stories, photos, and personal documents of the New York both women and men who served. Perfect for Erie County genealogists, researchers, historians and more.
Erie Co. NY Schools & Directories