Clay County, Missouri
Genealogy and Facts
Clay County, Missouri genealogy and family tree research page. Discover links to record collections, history, and genealogy sources to assist you to you track your personal Clay Co. ancestors. Get started by building a Free Family Tree.
Clay County was created on January 2, 1822 from Ray County. The county was named in honor of Henry Clay (1777-1852), American Senator and orator from Kentucky.
The Clay County Seat is situated in Liberty and in addition the county government website is www.claycountymo.gov
Areas surrounding Clay County include Clinton County (north), Ray County (east), Jackson County (south), Wyandotte County, Kansas (southwest), Platte County (west).
Cities and towns to be found in Clay County include Avondale, Birmingham, Claycomo, Ectonville, Excelsior Estates, Excelsior Springs, Gladstone, Glenaire, Holt, Kansas City, Kearney, Lawson, Liberty, Missouri City, Mosby, North Kansas City, Oaks, Oakview, Oakwood, Oakwood Park, Pleasant Valley, Prathersville, Randolph, Smithville, Sugar Creek.
Clay County has Federal Census Schedules to help in researching your family tree. Government Population Schedules are present for 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.
Clay Co. Slave Schedules is available for 1850 & 1860. Clay Co. Mortality Schedules can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Clay Co. Industry and Agriculture can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Clay Co. Union Veterans Schedules can be acquired for 1890. There are free down-loadable and printable census forms to help you with your research.
Clay County Societies and Family History Resources
A list of Clay County Historical and Genealogical Societies, Forums, Message Boards, Libraries, Archives.
- Missouri State Genealogy Network (facebook.com)
- Clay County Archives and Historical Library, P. O. Box 99, Liberty, MO 64069; Telephone: 816-781-3611, Fax: 816-781-3611; Street Address: 210 E Franklin, Liberty, MO 64068
- Clay County Historic Sites, 21216 Jesse James Rd, Kearney, MO 64060; Phone: (816) 628-6065
- Smithville Historical Society, P.O. Box 270, 303 West Main Street, Smithville, MO 64089; Phone: (816) 532-0255
- Thrailkill Genealogical Society, 2018 Gentry, North Kansas City, MO 64116
- Excelsior Springs Historical Museum, 101 E Broadway, Excelsior Springs, MO 64024-2513; Phone: (816) 630-3712
- Excelsior Springs Genealogical Society, Excelsior Springs, MO 64024
- Watkins Mill Association, P.O. Box 419038, Kansas City, MO 64183
- Northland Genealogy Society , P.O. Box 14121, Parkville, MO 64152; Phone: (816) 741-3981
- Historic Liberty Jail, 216 North Main Street, Liberty, MO 64068; Phone: (816) 781-3188
- Heart of America Genealogical Society
and Library , c/o Kansas City Public Library, 311 East Twelfth Street, Kansas City, MO 64106
- Partee Center for Baptist Historical Studies, 500 College Hill, William Jewell College, Liberty, MO 64068; Phone: (816) 781-7700, ext.5490
- Clay County, Missouri Message Boards (boards.ancestry.com) read and post messages about your ancestors in Clay County
- Clay County, Missouri Genealogy Forum (genforum.genealogy.com) read and post messages with other genealogy researchers for Clay County
- USGenWeb Archives for Clay County
Clay County Courthouse and Government Records
Researchers frequently forget about the value of Clay County court, probate, and land files as a source of family history and genealogy information. Buried away in Missouri courthouses and archives just about everywhere could be the ambitions and worries of many Missouri residents.
The odds are great that your potential ancestors have left a comprehensive record of at least a number of aspects of their lives in the Clay County court records. Even if your forefathers is not brought up in a Court case, take into consideration all of the other procedures which often can have lead to her or him showing up in court records.
You need to call the clerk's dept to validate hours, mailing address, fees and other facts before visiting or looking for information because of in some cases changing contact details. The Department Offices DO NOT DO RESEARCH. The data files are accessible to interested parties, barring private issues. A lot of staff will guide men and women in locating the resources, but it's up to the particular person to complete the research.
The following facts denotes exactly what marriage, birth, death, property, probate, and legal records can be found in Clay County. The years suggested below are the first known records data with this county.
- Clay County Courthouse (all departments listed below are located here, unless otherwise noted)
- Address: 1 Courthouse Square, Liberty, Missouri 64068
- Clay County Recorder of Deeds is the place where all transactions having to do with land are recorded and kept on file. They take marriage license applications, issues marriage licenses, files the license after the marriage, and maintains a permanent record of the marriage, surveys and plats of subdivisions, Armed Forces discharge papers for all veterans who reside in the county. Some naturalization records have been found with the deeds.
- Phone: (816) 407-3550
- Marriage Records: 1822 (including Index to marriage records, 1822-1877; Marriage records, 1822-1917; Marriage license applications, 1881-1916; Negro/colored marriage records, 1865-1891)
- Land Records: 1822 (including Index to deeds, 1823-1889; Deed records, 1822-1890; Warranty deeds, 1885-1887; Quitclaim deeds, 1868 and 1884-1886; Mortgage deeds, 1868-1871 and 1884-1887; Deeds of trust, 1876-1879 and 1883-1887)
- Clay County Circuit Court Clerk / Probate Court Clerk has the direct index to records such as divorces, adoptions, judgment, and tax fee books including direct and indirect indexes. They also retain the index to criminal records and criminal files of the circuit court. Adoptions are under the jurisdiction of the circuit court. Naturalization records, including petitions, declarations of intention, certificates, and certificates of allegiance, and granting of citizenship are also located in the clerk's office, as well as an index to civil case files. The County Probate Division has jurisdiction over the estates of deceased persons. The Division hears all litigation involving trusts, including those trusts established in wills. (In the smaller counties, probate matters are handled in the same office as the associate circuit court office)
- Address: 11 South Water Street, Liberty, Missouri 64068
- Phone: 816-407-3900
- Probate Records: 1821 (including Guardian’s/curator’s records, 1860-1863)
- Court & Divorce Records: 1822 (including Circuit court records, 1822-1878)
- Clay County Clerk of the Court has indexes to common pleas, records of all extant proceedings, chancery minute books, records of births and deaths, county court records, right-of-way and road records, as well as surveyor's records (including field notes and plats made by the county surveyor). This office usually holds the county treasurer's notes, bonds and commissions, records of marks and brands, wolf scalps, stray notices, real estate assessments, and tax books. In some counties, early terms for this court included “Chancery” or the “Court of Common Pleas.”
- Phone: (816) 407-3570
- Birth & Death Records: 1883-84 (including Register of births and stillbirths, 1883-1884; Register of deaths, 1883-1884)
- Clay County Tax Assessor Office is responsible for appraising and assessing real estate property and person property for the purpose of taxation as well as transferring ownership of real estate, and keeping real estate maps up to date.
- Missouri Office of Vital Records has copies of birth and death records reported from January 1, 1910. There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Missouri for current fees and application process. Birth, marriage, and death records are connected with central life events.
Clay County Links
The following are links to Family history and genealogy, Records and Resources associated to Clay County. A majority of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Business Sites, Private Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some have to have a payment. This is just a directory which has been gathered or submitted. I do not endorse or promote one genealogy site above another. Feel free to present your own most liked Clay County genealogy or family history related sites.
Clay Co. MO Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers
Clay Co. MO Books, Newspapers & Publications
Clay Co. MO Birth, Marriage & Death Records
Clay Co. MO Court, Probate Land and Tax Records
Clay Co. MO Census Records
Clay Co. MO Cemeteries & Graveyards
Clay Co. MO Church & Bible Records
Clay Co. MO Family Websites, Pictures & Histories
Clay Co. MO General and History Websites
Clay Co. MO Military Records
Clay Co. MO Schools & Directories