Carter County, Missouri
Genealogy and Facts

Carter County

Carter County was created on March 10, 1859 from Oregon County, Reynolds County, Ripley County and Shannon County. The county was named in honor of Zimri Carter, pioneering settler .

The Carter County Seat is situated in Van Buren (COC) and in addition the county government website is unknown

Areas surrounding Carter County include Reynolds County (north), Wayne County (northeast), Butler County (southeast), Ripley County (south), Oregon County (southwest), Shannon County (west).

Cities and towns to be found in Carter County include Ellsinore, Fremont, Hunter, Grandin, Van Buren.

Carter County vital records can be found at the Missouri Office of Vital Records has copies of birth and death records reported from January 1, 1910. There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Missouri for current fees and application process

You can search online for Carter County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also Order Electronically Online or can download an application for Missouri Birth and Death CertificateMarriage and Divorce Certificate Application to mail.

Carter County has Federal Census Schedules to help in researching your family tree. Government Population Schedules are present for 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Carter Co. Slave Schedules is available for 1860. Carter Co. Mortality Schedules can be found for 1860, 1870 and 1880. Carter Co. Industry and Agriculture can be found for 1860, 1870 and 1880. Carter Co. Union Veterans Schedules can be acquired for 1890. There are free down-loadable and printable census forms to help you with your research.

Carter County Societies and Family History Resources

A list of Carter County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Forums, Message Boards, Libraries, Archives.

Carter County Courthouse and Government Records

Researchers frequently forget about the value of Carter County court, probate, and land files as a source of family history and genealogy information. Buried away in Missouri courthouses and archives just about everywhere could be the ambitions and worries of many Missouri residents.

The odds are great that your potential ancestors have left a comprehensive record of at least a number of aspects of their lives in the Carter County court records. Even if your forefathers is not brought up in a Court case, take into consideration all of the other procedures which often can have lead to her or him showing up in court records.

The following indicates what vital, land, probate, and court records are in Carter county. The dates indicated below are the first known records for this county which may include records of land, estates, taxes, vital records, divorces, naturalizations, court records, and so forth.

You need to call the clerk's dept to validate hours, mailing address, fees and other facts before visiting or looking for information because of in some cases changing contact details. The Department Offices DO NOT DO RESEARCH. The data files are accessible to interested parties, barring private issues. A lot of staff will guide men and women in locating the resources, but it's up to the particular person to complete the research.
  • Carter County Courthouse (all departments listed below are located here, unless otherwise noted)
    • Address: 105 Main St., Van Buren, MO 63965
  • Carter County Recorder of Deeds is the place where all transactions having to do with land are recorded and kept on file. They take marriage license applications, issues marriage licenses, files the license after the marriage, and maintains a permanent record of the marriage, surveys and plats of subdivisions, Armed Forces discharge papers for all veterans who reside in the county. Some naturalization records have been found with the deeds.
    • Phone: 573-323-9656
    • Marriage Records: 1861 (including Marriage records, 1861-1915) 
    • Land Records: 1845 (including Index to deeds, (no dates); Deed records, 1845-1904)
  • Carter County Circuit Court Clerk / Probate Court Clerk has the direct index to records such as divorces, adoptions, judgment, and tax fee books including direct and indirect indexes. They also retain the index to criminal records and criminal files of the circuit court. Adoptions are under the jurisdiction of the circuit court. Naturalization records, including petitions, declarations of intention, certificates, and certificates of allegiance, and granting of citizenship are also located in the clerk's office, as well as an index to civil case files. The County Probate Division has jurisdiction over the estates of deceased persons. The Division hears all litigation involving trusts, including those trusts established in wills. (In the smaller counties, probate matters are handled in the same office as the associate circuit court office)
    • Phone: (573) 323-4513
    • Probate Records: 1859  (including Index to probate records, 1859-1922; Probate records, 1859-1922; Inventories, appraisements and sale bills, 1879-1888; Settlements records, 1883-1891; Guardian’s/curator’s records, 1861-1891; Will records, 1872-1963)
    • Court & Divorce Records: 1866 (including Index to circuit court records, 1866-?; Circuit court records, 1866-1889)
  • Carter County Clerk of the Court has indexes to common pleas, records of all extant proceedings, chancery minute books, records of births and deaths, county court records, right-of-way and road records, as well as surveyor's records (including field notes and plats made by the county surveyor). This office usually holds the county treasurer's notes, bonds and commissions, records of marks and brands, wolf scalps, stray notices, real estate assessments, and tax books. In some counties, early terms for this court included “Chancery” or the “Court of Common Pleas.”
    • Phone: (573) 323-4527
    • Birth & Death Records: ?
  • Carter County Tax Assessor Office is responsible for appraising and assessing real estate property and person property for the purpose of taxation as well as transferring ownership of real estate, and keeping real estate maps up to date.
  • Carter County Health Department has Birth Certificates since 1920 and Death Certificates since 1980

Carter County Links

The following are links to Family history and genealogy, Records and Resources associated to Carter County. A majority of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Business Sites, Private Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some have to have a payment. This is just a directory which has been gathered or submitted. I do not endorse or promote one genealogy site above another. Feel free to present your own most liked Carter County genealogy or family history related sites.

Carter Co. MO Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Carter Co. MO Books, Newspapers & Publications

Carter Co. MO Birth, Marriage & Death Records

Carter Co. MO Court, Probate Land and Tax Records

Carter Co. MO Census Records

Carter Co. MO Cemeteries & Graveyards

Carter Co. MO Church & Bible Records

Carter Co. MO Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Carter Co. MO General and History Websites

Carter Co. MO Military Records

Carter Co. MO Schools & Directories

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