Nassau County, Florida
Genealogy and Facts

Nassau County

Nassau County was created on December 29, 1824 from Duval County. This county was named for the Duchy of Nassau in Germany.

The Nassau County Seat is located in Fernandina Beach also, the county government website is www.uflib.ufl.edu/fefdl/counties/nassau.html.

Areas bordering to Nassau County are Camden County, Georgia (north), Duval County (south), Baker County (southwest), Charlton County, Georgia (west).

Incorporated Cities and Towns located in Nassau County include Callahan, Fernandina Beach, Hilliard.

Nassau County vital records can be found at the Florida Office of Vital Records which has copies of Birth & Deaths reported 1917 to present and Divorce & Marriages since June 6, 1927. There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Florida for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Nassau County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also Order Electronically Online or can download an application for Florida Birth Certificate, Marriage Certificate, Divorce Certificate, Death Certificate Application to mail.

Nassau County consists of Federal Census Schedules to guide in looking into your family tree. Federal Population Schedules can be found for 1830 (as Florida Territory), 1840 (as Florida Territory), 1850, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Nassau Co. Mortality Schedules can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Nassau Co. Industry and Agriculture can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Nassau Co. Union Veterans Schedules is available for 1890. The Slave Schedules exist for 1850 & 1860. One can find free online and printable census forms to help you with your research.

Nassau Co. Historical Events (published in 1944):

  • Fernandina, the county seat, has a fine-harbor and is the site of large paper mills.
  • It has a most interesting history, for over it have flown the flags of Spain, France, England, Mexico, Venezuela, the Confederacy and the United States. Nearby is historic Fort Clinch.
  • Spanish made short lived settlements on Amelia Island prior to 1600.
  • Gregor McGregor and other filibusterers took Amelia Island in 1817. Luis Aury, who succeeded McGregor, forced to surrender to American forces December, 1817.

Nassau County Societies and Family History Resources

A list of Nassau County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Forums, Message Boards, Libraries, Archives.

Nassau County Courthouse and Government Records


Nassau County Courthouse

Researchers often fail to notice the importance of Nassau County court, probate, and land documents as a source of family history and genealogy information and facts. Hidden away in Florida courthouses and archives everywhere tend to be the desires and worries of the many Florida residents.

The chances are great that your chosen ancestors have left a detailed record of at least a number of factors of their lives in the Nassau County court records. Even if your forefathers is not referred to in a Court case, take into consideration all of the other methods which could have lead to her or him to appear in court records.

The following indicates what vital, land, probate, and court records are in Nassau county. The date listed for each category of record is usually the earliest registration filed. The earliest date does not indicate that there are numerous records for that year and does not mean that all such events were actually registered.

Make sure you call the clerk's department to confirm hours, mailing address, fees and other details before visiting or inquiring about information because of in some cases changing contact details. The Department Offices DO NOT DO RESEARCH. The records are available to interested parties, barring confidential issues. A lot of employees will assist individuals in obtaining the materials, but it is up to the person to undertake the researching.
  • Nassau County Courthouse (all departments listed below are located here, unless otherwise noted)
    • Address: 76347 Veterans Way, Suite 456, Yulee, FL 32097
  • Nassau County Clerk of the Circuit Court / County Clerk is custodian of all records of all predecessor courts, whether justice of the peace, city, county, probate, civil, or criminal.
    • Phone: (904) 548-4600
    • Marriage Records: 1867
    • Land Records: 1840
    • Probate Records: 1873 
    • Court Records: 1873
  • Nassau County Tax Collector collects all real estate taxes including postponed and delinquent, all county revenues in addition to the research and issue tax deed applications. Our department is the holder of tax records and assessed values.
  • Nassau County Health Department has copies of Birth & Death certificates. Also has computer access from 1917 to present for birth records for the entire state as well as births that occurred in this county.

Nassau County Links

The following are links to Family history and genealogy, Records and Resources relevant to Nassau County. A lot of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Business oriented Sites, Private Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some require a fee. This is just a directory which has been collected or submitted. I do not endorse or promote one genealogy site over another. Feel free to submit your own preferred Nassau County genealogy or family history affiliated sites.

Nassau Co. FL Books, Newspapers & Publications

Nassau Co. FL Birth, Marriage & Death Records

Nassau Co. FL Court, Probate Land and Tax Records

Nassau Co. FL Census Records

Nassau Co. FL Cemeteries & Graveyards

Nassau Co. FL Church & Bible Records

Nassau Co. FL Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Nassau Co. FL General and History Websites

Nassau Co. FL Immigration & Naturalization

Nassau Co. FL Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Nassau Co. FL Military Records

Nassau Co. FL Schools & Directories

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