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Buffalo County, Wisconsin
Genealogy, History & Facts

Buffalo County, Wisconsin Facts

Buffalo County

When was Buffalo County, WI Created?
Buffalo County was created on July 6, 1853 from Jackson County. The county was named for the  Buffalo River, which flows through the county.

What is the County Seat of Buffalo County, WI?
The County Seat is located in Alma and the county government website is

What counties are adjacent to Buffalo County, WI?
Bordering Counties are Pepin County (north), Eau Claire County (northeast), Trempealeau County (east), Winona County, Minnesota (south), Wabasha County, Minnesota (west).

What cities and towns are in Buffalo County, WI?
Cities and towns located in the County include Cities which consist of Alma, Buffalo City, Fountain City, Mondovi; Towns consist of Alma, Belvidere, Buffalo, Canton, Cross, Dover, Gilmanton, Glencoe, Lincoln, Maxville, Milton, Modena, Mondovi, Montana, Naples, Nelson, Waumandee; Villages consist of Cochrane, Nelson.

Buffalo County, WI Vital Records

Where can find Buffalo County Birth, marriage, Divorce and Death Records?
Buffalo County vital records can be found at the Wisconsin Office of Vital Records has copies of Birth, Marriage, Divorce & Death Records reported since 1907. There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Wisconsin for current fees and application process..

You can search online for Buffalo County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also Order Electronically Online or can download an application for Wisconsin Birth Certificate, Marriage Certificate, Divorce Certificate, Death Certificate Application to mail.

Buffalo County, WI Census Records

What Buffalo County, WI census records are available?
There are many types of census records for Buffalo County guide you in researching your family tree. Federal Population Schedules are available for 1860, 1870, 1880, 1890 (fragment, see below), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930 and 1940.

Buffalo Co. Mortality Schedules can be obtained for 1860, 1870 and 1880. Buffalo Co. Industry and Agriculture can be found for 1860, 1870 and 1880. Buffalo Co. Union Veterans Schedules is available for 1890. One can find free down-loadable and also printable census forms to help you with your research.

There are Wisconsin State censuses from 1895 and 1905. Also the Wisconsin Compiled Census and Census Substitutes Index for 1820-1890. You can find free down-loadable and also printable census forms to help you with your research. See Also Wisconsin Census Records Research Guide

Buffalo County, WI Courthouse and Government Records

Buffalo County Courthouse

What genealogical records can I find in the Buffalo County Courthouse?
The below facts shows exactly what death, marriage, birth, property, wills, and court records are typically in Buffalo County.The date listed for each category of record is usually the earliest registration filed. The earliest date does not indicate that there are numerous records for that year and does not mean that all such events were actually registered.

It has been estimated that less than 50 percent of the vital records, for example, were prepared and submitted for permanent filing prior to 1907. Land deeds, probate, and court records generally begin in Wisconsin with the organization of the county. Prior to that date, check the County or Counties it was created from. Some counties formed from other counties transcribed their portion of property deeds to be kept with the new county deed records. See Also Wisconsin Corthouse Records Research Guide.

  • Buffalo County Courthouse (all departments listed below are located here, unless otherwise noted)
    • Address: 407 S. 2nd Street, Alma, WI 54610; Phone: 608.685.6234
  • Buffalo County Register of Deeds purpose is to provide official record keeping for Records or files land record documents authorized by law, such as deeds, mortgages, satisfactions, certified survey maps, plats and Federal Tax liens. Files and indexes Birth, Death and Marriage records, Military Discharges, and issues certified copies upon request.
    • Phone: 608-685-6230
    • Birth Records: 1855
    • Marriage Records: 1856
    • Death Records: 1873
    • Land Records: 1854
  • Buffalo County Register in Probate Office has the responsibility to maintain and update files regarding probate of estates, guardianships, protective placements, adoptions and mental commitments. This is a statutory office with the position of Register in Probate filled by judicial appointment.
    • Phone: 608-685-6202
    • Probate Records: 1854 
  • Buffalo County Clerk of Court Office is required to maintain a record of all documents filed with the courts, keep a record of all court proceedings, and collect various fines and forfeitures ordered by the court and specified by statute.
    • Phone: (608) 685-6212
    • Court Records: 1853
  • Public Records of the Consolidated Court Automation Programs provides access to certain public records of the circuit courts of Wisconsin
  • Wisconsin, Probate Estate Files, 1848-1935
  • U.S., Indexed Early Land Ownership and Township Plats, 1785-1898
  • BLM Land Records

Buffalo County, WI Societies and Family History Resources

What genealogical and historical societies, archives, museums, associations and libraries are available for Buffalo County, WI?
A list of Buffalo County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Libraries, Archives. See also list of Statewide Wisconsin Archives, Historical & Genealogical Societies.

Where can I connect with other Buffalo County, WI Researchers through message boards and forums?

What other genealogical resources are available in Buffalo County, WI?
The following are web links to Genealogy, Records and Resources pertaining to Buffalo County. Many of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Business oriented Sites, Personal Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some have to have a cost. This is just a listing which has been collected or submitted. I do not endorse or promote one genealogy site above another.

Buffalo Co. WI Books, Newspapers & Publications

Buffalo Co. WI Church & Cemeteries

Buffalo Co. WI Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Buffalo Co. WI General and History Websites

Buffalo Co. WI Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Buffalo Co. WI Military Records

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