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Ohio County, West Virginia
Genealogy, History & Facts

Ohio County, West Virginia Facts

Ohio County

When was Ohio County, WV Created?
Ohio County was established on October 7, 1776 from parts of the District of West Augusta (Virginia). The county was named after the Ohio River that forms the county's western boundary, the name was derived from the Indian word Ohionhiio, meaning great or beautiful river.

What is the County Seat of Ohio County, WV?
The County Seat is located in Wheeling and the county government website is

What counties are adjacent to Ohio County, WV?
Bordering Counties are Brooke County (north), Washington County, Pennsylvania (east), Marshall County (south), Belmont County, Ohio (west), Jefferson County, Ohio (northwest).

What cities and towns are in Ohio County, WV?
Cities and towns located in the County include Bethlehem, Clearview, Elm Grove, Mozart, Overbrook, Triadelphia, Valley Grove, Warwood, West Liberty, Wheeling

Ohio County, WV Vital Records

Where can find Ohio County Birth, marriage, Divorce and Death Records?
Ohio County vital records can be found at the West Virginia Office of Vital Records which has copies of birth and death records from January 1917 to present; marriage records from 1921 to present and divorce records from 1968 to present. There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in West Virginia for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Ohio County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also Order Electronically Online or can download an application for West Virginia Birth Certificate, Marriage Certificate, Death Certificate Applications to mail.

Ohio County, WV Census Records

What Ohio County, WV census records are available?
There are many types of census records for Ohio County guide you in researching your family tree. Federal Population Schedules are available for 1790, 1800, 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Ohio Co. Mortality Schedules can be acquired for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Ohio Co. Industry and Agriculture can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Ohio Co. Union Veterans Schedules can be obtained for 1890. One can find free down-loadable and also printable census forms to help you with your research. See Also West Virginia Census Records Research Guide

Ohio County, WV Courthouse and Government Records

Ohio County Courthouse

What genealogical records can I find in the Ohio County Courthouse?
The below facts shows exactly what death, marriage, birth, property, wills, and court records are typically in Ohio County. The years listed below are the first noted records with this county. Until 1863 West Virginia was part of Virginia, See Virginia for Info and links for years prior to 1863. See Also West Virginia Corthouse Records Research Guide.

  • Ohio County Courthouse (all departments listed below are located here, unless otherwise noted)
    • Address: 1500 Chapline St, Wheeling, WV 26003
  • Ohio County Clerk has many duties which include some of the following: the issuance of marriage licenses, birth and death certificates, record births, marriages and deaths in the county, serve as the recorder of all documents, prepare and send to all heirs a Notice to Redeem and take care of publications, redemptions or recording deeds with regard to delinquent property, issue military service discharge records and probate wills and assist in administration of estates.
    • Phone: 304-234-3656
    • Birth / Death Records: 1853
    • Marriage Records: 1793
    • Land Records: 1778
    • Probate Records: 1776 
  • Ohio County Clerk of Circuit Court has many responsibilities which include some of the following: Serve as the Clerk to the Circuit and Family Court, Issue mesne (during the progress of a case) process, Issue final process to enforce and execute judgements, Appoint guardian ad litem where required, Responsible for all papers filed in the office; serve as registrar, recorder and custodian for all pleadings, documents and funds pertaining to cases filed in circuit court and family court, Responsible for the administration and management of the petit and grand jury systems in the county.
    • Phone: 304-234-3611
    • Court Records: 1777 

Ohio County, WV Societies and Family History Resources

What genealogical and historical societies, archives, museums, associations and libraries are available for Ohio County, WV?
A list of Ohio County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Libraries, Archives. See also list of Statewide West Virginia Archives, Historical & Genealogical Societies.

Where can I connect with other Ohio County, WV Researchers through message boards and forums?

What other genealogical resources are available in Ohio County, WV?
The following are web links to Genealogy, Records and Resources pertaining to Ohio County. Each of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Business oriented Sites, Personal Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some have to have a payment. This is basically a list which has been collected or submitted. I do not endorse or promote one genealogy site above another.

Ohio Co. WV Books, Newspapers & Publications

Ohio Co. WV Church & Cemeteries

Ohio Co. WV Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Ohio Co. WV General and History Websites

Ohio Co. WV Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Ohio Co. WV Military Records

Ohio Co. WV Schools & Directories

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