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Ohio County, West Virginia

Ohio County

Ohio County was established on October 7, 1776 from parts of the District of West Augusta (Virginia). The county was named after the Ohio River that forms the county's western boundary, the name was derived from the Indian word Ohionhiio, meaning great or beautiful river.

The County Seat is located in Wheeling and the county government website is

Areas adjacent to Ohio County are Brooke County (north), Washington County, Pennsylvania (east), Marshall County (south), Belmont County, Ohio (west), Jefferson County, Ohio (northwest).

Cities and towns located in the county include Bethlehem, Clearview, Elm Grove, Mozart, Overbrook, Triadelphia, Valley Grove, Warwood, West Liberty, Wheeling

Ohio County vital records can be found at the West Virginia Office of Vital Records which has copies of birth, marriage, divorce and death records. There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in West Virginia for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Ohio County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also Order Electronically Online or can download an application for West Virginia Birth Certificate, Marriage Certificate, Death Certificate Applications to mail.

Ohio County consists of Federal Census Schedules to aid in researching your family tree. Federal government Population Schedules are present for 1790, 1800, 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Ohio Co. Mortality Schedules can be acquired for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Ohio Co. Industry and Agriculture can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Ohio Co. Union Veterans Schedules can be obtained for 1890. One can find free down-loadable and also printable census forms to assist with your research.

Ohio County Society and Family History Resources

A list of Ohio County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Forums, Message Boards, Libraries, Archives.

Ohio County Courthouse and Government Records

Researchers often overlook the benefits of Ohio County court, probate, and land records as a useful resource of ancestry and genealogy information and facts. Buried away in West Virginia courthouses and archives just about everywhere could be the dreams and worries of many West Virginia residents.

The chances are excellent that your potential ancestors and forefathers have left a comprehensive document of at least a few factors of their lives in the Ohio County court records. Even if your ancestors and forefathers is not referred to in a Court case, take into account all of the other procedures which often can have lead to him or her to appear in court records.

The below information denotes whatever death, marriage, birth, property, wills, and legal records can be found in Ohio County. The years pointed out below could be the first known documents for this particular county.

You need to contact the clerk's office to determine hours, mailing address, fees and other particulars just before visiting or seeking information because of from time to time changing contact information. The Department Offices DO NOT DO RESEARCH. The records and documents are readily available to interested parties, barring private issues. Many employees will aid men and women in locating the resources, but it is up to the man or women to carry out the researching.
  • Ohio County Courthouse (all departments listed below are located here, unless otherwise noted)
    • Address: 1500 Chapline St, Wheeling, WV 26003
  • Ohio County Clerk has many duties which include some of the following: the issuance of marriage licenses, birth and death certificates, record births, marriages and deaths in the county, serve as the recorder of all documents, prepare and send to all heirs a Notice to Redeem and take care of publications, redemptions or recording deeds with regard to delinquent property, issue military service discharge records and probate wills and assist in administration of estates.
    • Phone: 304-234-3656
    • Birth / Death Records: 1853
    • Marriage Records: 1793
    • Land Records: 1778
    • Probate Records: 1776 
  • Ohio County Clerk of Circuit Court has many responsibilities which include some of the following: Serve as the Clerk to the Circuit and Family Court, Issue mesne (during the progress of a case) process, Issue final process to enforce and execute judgements, Appoint guardian ad litem where required, Responsible for all papers filed in the office; serve as registrar, recorder and custodian for all pleadings, documents and funds pertaining to cases filed in circuit court and family court, Responsible for the administration and management of the petit and grand jury systems in the county.
    • Phone: 304-234-3611
    • Court Records: 1777 

Ohio County Links

The following are web links to Genealogy and family history, Records and Resources related to Ohio County. Each of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Business oriented Sites, Personal Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some have to have a payment. This is basically a list which has been collected or submitted. I do not endorse or promote one genealogy site above another. Feel free to suggest your own preferred Ohio County genealogy or family history related sites.

Until 1863 West Virginia was part of Virginia, See Virginia State Records for Info and links for years prior to 1863.

Ohio Co. WV Books, Newspapers & Publications

Ohio Co. WV Birth, Marriage & Death Records

Ohio Co. WV Court, Probate Land and Tax Records

Ohio Co. WV Census Records

Ohio Co. WV Church & Cemeteries

Ohio Co. WV Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Ohio Co. WV General and History Websites

Ohio Co. WV Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Ohio Co. WV Military Records

Ohio Co. WV Schools & Directories

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