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Surry County, Virginia
Genealogy, History & Facts

Surry County, Virginia Facts

When was Surry County, VA Created?
Surry County was established on 1652 from James City County. This county was named for Surrey, United Kingdom.

What is the County Seat of Surry County, VA?
The County Seat is located in Surry also, the county government website is .

What counties are adjacent to Surry County, VA?
Bordering Counties are Charles City County (northwest), James City County (northeast), Isle of Wight County (southeast), Southampton County (south), Sussex County (southwest), Prince George County (west).

What cities and towns are in Surry County, VA?
Cities and towns located in Surry County include Claremont, Dendron, Surry, Bacon's Castle, Cabin Point, Scotland and Spring Grove .

Surry County, VA Vital Records

Where can find Surry County Birth, marriage, Divorce and Death Records?
Surry County vital records can be found at the Virginia Department of Health (VDH) Office of Vital Records which has Birth and Death Records since June 14, 1912 and copies of Marriage and Divorce Records since 1918 to present. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Virginia for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Surry County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also order Order Electronically Online or you can download an application for copies of Surry Co. Virginia Birth, Marriage, Divorce, Death Certificate Applications to mail.

The Archives Division has copies of surviving birth and death records for the period 1853 to 1896 and marriage records prior to 1936. Another resource is the Surry Health Department, 474 Colonial Trail West, Surry, Virginia 23883, Telephone: (757) 294-3185

Surry County, VA Census Records

What Surry County, VA census records are available?
There are many types of census records for Surry County guide you in researching your family tree. Federal Population Schedules are available for 1790 (destroyed), 1800 (destroyed), 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Surry Co. Mortality Schedules can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Surry Co. Industry and Agriculture can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Surry Co. Union Veterans Schedules is available for 1890. The Slave Schedules exist for 1850 & 1860. One can find free online and printable census forms to help you with your research. See Also Virginia Census Records Research Guide

Surry County, VA Courthouse and Government Records

Surry County Courthouse

What genealogical records can I find in the Surry County Courthouse?
The below facts shows exactly what death, marriage, birth, property, wills, and court records are typically in Surry County. The years listed below are the first noted records with this county. See Also Virginia Corthouse Records Research Guide.

Surry County has had nine courthouses since 1652. At least four of these burned. Enemy troops came through the county, camped and burned in both the Revolutionary war and the Civil War. The county suffered shelling in the War of 1812. Despite all this, the county still has its records. 

  • In 1652 the county of Surry was formed and the county court started. The first courthouse was established at Wareneck or Southwarke, close to Underwood's mill.
  • From  1707-1710 A new courthouse was built at Wareneck. 20,000 pounds of tobacco was paid Francis Clements to build the courthouse in November, 1707 and 20,000 pounds of tobacco was paid Nathaniel Harrison to finish the courthouse in 1710.
  • In 1728 Surry county's courthouse was moved to the land of Howell Edmonds near Shingleton Plantation, south of the Blackwater River near present day Route 40, now in Sussex County. This was near the center of the population of Surry County at that time, which then extended to the North Carolina line. While some records state that it was near Littleton, this is incorrect.
  • In  1754 As the result of Sussex County being split from Surry, the courthouse was moved back closer to the James River. It was built on the land of William Clinch called "Troopers." It was a wooden building.
  • In  1765 The wooden courthouse at Troopers burned. It was replaced with a new brick courthouse on the same site.
  • In  1787 The brick courthouse at Troopers burned. The records are silent as to where the court was held until April 25, 1797, when it first met in the new courthouse at Macintosh's Crossroads, now the town of Surry, Virginia. It was a one story brick courthouse, facing west, built on land given to the county by Robert Macintosh. He owned the ordinary and served as contractor of the new courthouse. 1795 Legislative Petition asking permission to build the new courthouse.
  • From  1825-1826 The brick Clerk's Office across the lawn from the courthouse was built by John Hopkins for $979.00, the low bid. It was accepted by the county in May, 1826. For the first time in its 174 year history, Surry County had a permanent home for its records. Before this, records had been kept at home by the Clerk of Court.
  • From 1864-1865 - As the Civil War progressed, our records were moved from the Clerk's Office and hidden by the clerk of court. By 1864 Union troops ranged freely through Surry County. The courthouse was abandoned until the Civil War was over. Court, however, continued to be held. Beginning on 2 August 1864, court was held at the Parish House. By 28 March 1865, court was moved to Moore's Swamp Meeting House. On 25 September 1865, the war being over, court was moved back to our court house. Our records were all saved, as shown in a 1869 inventory written into our court records.
  • In  1895 With the growth of Dendron and Claremont, the 1797 courthouse was insufficient to handle the county's business. The old courthouse was torn down and a new Victorian courthouse was built to replace it. It had the first fireproof vault for safekeeping of the county's valuable records.
  • In  1906. The Victorian courthouse burned. It was replaced with a classical two story courthouse in 1907. It was similar to the present courthouse, but with a large cupola on its roof. Our records were saved.
  • In  1922. The courthouse burned again, and was replaced with a similar structure. Again the county's records were saved. This building is being used today.

Surry County, VA Societies and Family History Resources

What genealogical and historical societies, archives, museums, associations and libraries are available for Surry County, VA?
A list of Surry County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Libraries, Archives. See also list of Statewide Virginia Archives, Historical & Genealogical Societies.

Where can I connect with other Surry County, VA Researchers through message boards and forums?

What other genealogical resources are available in Surry County, VA?
The following are web links to Genealogy, Records and Resources pertaining to Surry County. A lot of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Commercial Sites, Personal Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some call for a fee. This is just a listing which has been compiled or submitted. I do not endorse or promote one genealogy site above another.

Surry Co. VA Books, Newspapers & Publications

Surry Co. VA Church / Bible Records & Cemeteries / Graveyards

Surry Co. VA Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Surry Co. VA General and History Websites

Surry Co. VA Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Surry Co. VA Military Records

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