Surry County, Virginia
Genealogy, History & Facts
Surry County, Virginia Facts
When was Surry County, VA Created?
Surry County was established on 1652 from James City County. This county was named for Surrey, United Kingdom.
What is the County Seat of Surry County, VA?
The County Seat is located in Surry also, the county government website is www.surrycountyva.gov/ .
What counties are adjacent to Surry County, VA?
Bordering Counties are Charles City County (northwest), James City County (northeast), Isle of Wight County (southeast), Southampton County (south), Sussex County (southwest), Prince George County (west).
What cities and towns are in Surry County, VA?
Cities and towns located in Surry County include Claremont, Dendron, Surry, Bacon's Castle, Cabin Point, Scotland and Spring Grove .
Surry County, VA Vital Records
Where can find Surry County Birth, marriage, Divorce and Death Records?
Surry County vital records can be found at the Virginia Department of Health (VDH) Office of Vital Records which has Birth and Death Records since June 14, 1912 and copies of Marriage and Divorce Records since 1918 to present. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Virginia for current fees and application process.
You can search online for Surry County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also order Order Electronically Online or you can download an application for copies of Surry Co. Virginia Birth, Marriage, Divorce, Death Certificate Applications to mail.
The Archives Division has copies of surviving birth and death records for the period 1853 to 1896 and marriage records prior to 1936. Another resource is the Surry Health Department, 474 Colonial Trail West, Surry, Virginia 23883, Telephone: (757) 294-3185
- U.S., Social Security Applications and Claims Index, 1936-2007
- Social Security Death Index
- USGenweb Archives Virginia Marriage Project
- Virginia Births and Christenings, 1853-1917
- Virginia Birth, Marriage, and Death Registers
- Virginia Birth and Marriage (Husband-Wife) Indexes
- Virginia, Marriages, 1785-1940
- Virginia Marriage Records
- Virginia Marriages before 1824
- Early Virginia Marriage Records
- Virginia Marriages to 1800
- Virginia Marriages, 1740-1850
- Virginia Marriages, 1851-1929
- Virginia Vital Records
- Early Virginia Marriage Records - Research Notes Number 26.
- Henley Marriage/Obituary Index to Virginia Newspapers
- Index to Virginia Marriage Records
- Marriage Index for Richmond Enquirer/Richmond Visitor
- Virginia Death Records Indexing Project
- Virginia Death Certificates, 1912-1939
- Virginia Deaths and Burials, 1853-1912
Surry County, VA Census Records
What Surry County, VA census records are available?
There are many types of census records for Surry County guide you in researching your family tree. Federal Population Schedules are available for 1790 (destroyed), 1800 (destroyed), 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.
Surry Co. Mortality Schedules can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Surry Co. Industry and Agriculture can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Surry Co. Union Veterans Schedules is available for 1890. The Slave Schedules exist for 1850 & 1860. One can find free online and printable census forms to help you with your research. See Also Virginia Census Records Research Guide
Surry County, VA Courthouse and Government Records
Surry County Courthouse
What genealogical records can I find in the Surry County Courthouse?
The below facts shows exactly what death, marriage, birth, property, wills, and court records are typically in Surry County. The years listed below are the first noted records with this county. See Also Virginia Corthouse Records Research Guide.
Surry County has had nine courthouses since 1652. At least four of these burned. Enemy troops came through the county, camped and burned in both the Revolutionary war and the Civil War. The county suffered shelling in the War of 1812. Despite all this, the county still has its records.
- In 1652 the county of Surry was formed and the county court started. The first courthouse was established at Wareneck or Southwarke, close to Underwood's mill.
- From 1707-1710 A new courthouse was built at Wareneck. 20,000 pounds of tobacco was paid Francis Clements to build the courthouse in November, 1707 and 20,000 pounds of tobacco was paid Nathaniel Harrison to finish the courthouse in 1710.
- In 1728 Surry county's courthouse was moved to the land of Howell Edmonds near Shingleton Plantation, south of the Blackwater River near present day Route 40, now in Sussex County. This was near the center of the population of Surry County at that time, which then extended to the North Carolina line. While some records state that it was near Littleton, this is incorrect.
- In 1754 As the result of Sussex County being split from Surry, the courthouse was moved back closer to the James River. It was built on the land of William Clinch called "Troopers." It was a wooden building.
- In 1765 The wooden courthouse at Troopers burned. It was replaced with a new brick courthouse on the same site.
- In 1787 The brick courthouse at Troopers burned. The records are silent as to where the court was held until April 25, 1797, when it first met in the new courthouse at Macintosh's Crossroads, now the town of Surry, Virginia. It was a one story brick courthouse, facing west, built on land given to the county by Robert Macintosh. He owned the ordinary and served as contractor of the new courthouse. 1795 Legislative Petition asking permission to build the new courthouse.
- From 1825-1826 The brick Clerk's Office across the lawn from the courthouse was built by John Hopkins for $979.00, the low bid. It was accepted by the county in May, 1826. For the first time in its 174 year history, Surry County had a permanent home for its records. Before this, records had been kept at home by the Clerk of Court.
- From 1864-1865 - As the Civil War progressed, our records were moved from the Clerk's Office and hidden by the clerk of court. By 1864 Union troops ranged freely through Surry County. The courthouse was abandoned until the Civil War was over. Court, however, continued to be held. Beginning on 2 August 1864, court was held at the Parish House. By 28 March 1865, court was moved to Moore's Swamp Meeting House. On 25 September 1865, the war being over, court was moved back to our court house. Our records were all saved, as shown in a 1869 inventory written into our court records.
- In 1895 With the growth of Dendron and Claremont, the 1797 courthouse was insufficient to handle the county's business. The old courthouse was torn down and a new Victorian courthouse was built to replace it. It had the first fireproof vault for safekeeping of the county's valuable records.
- In 1906. The Victorian courthouse burned. It was replaced with a classical two story courthouse in 1907. It was similar to the present courthouse, but with a large cupola on its roof. Our records were saved.
- In 1922. The courthouse burned again, and was replaced with a similar structure. Again the county's records were saved. This building is being used today.
PLEASE READ FIRST!!! Please call the clerk's department to confirm hours, mailing address, fees and other specifics before visiting or requesting information because of sometimes changing contact information. The Department Offices DO NOT DO RESEARCH. The files are available to interested parties, barring private issues. Many staff will guide individuals in locating the materials, however it's up to the person to carry out the research. Has lost deeds for 1835-1838 and order books for 1718-1741 and various other early record books are fragmentary. Court house fires in 1906 and 1922 did not result in loss of records which were then housed in a separate clerk's office.
- Surry County Clerk of Circuit Court serves as custodian of all county court records, and is responsible for providing access to those court records by court personnel, the legal community and the public.
- Address: 28 Colonial Trail, East, Surry, VA 23883
- Phone: (757) 294-3161
- Marriage Records: 1768
- Land Records: 1645
- Court Records: 1652
- Probate Records: 1645
- Early Virginia Families Along the James River: Their Deep Roots and Tangled Branches, Vol. III
- Surry County Records
- Using County and City Court Records in the Archives at the Library of Virginia
- County and City Research in Virginia Guides and Indexes - County and city records document the daily activities of the courts in Virginia's counties, independent cities, and towns. The Library of Virginia houses both original and microfilm records for many of Virginia's counties and independent cities. The guides list will help researchers navigate the complex variety of county and city records in the Library's collections. It includes County and City Records at the Library of Virginia, Using County and City Court Records, Chancery Cases, Judgments, Lost Records Localities database and Burned Jurisdiction database.
- Virginia County Records, Volume, VI, VII , IX, X - The records in these series were compiled as part of a series known as the Virginia County Records . The volume includes wills, land grants, and marriage bonds as well as other miscellaneous information on early Virginia settlers.
- BLM Land Records
Surry County, VA Societies and Family History Resources
What genealogical and historical societies, archives, museums, associations and libraries are available for Surry County, VA?
A list of Surry County Historical and Genealogical Societies, Libraries, Archives. See also list of Statewide Virginia Archives, Historical & Genealogical Societies.
- Surry County Historical Society and Museum, 84 Main St.; P.O. Box 262, Surry, VA 23883
- The Library of Virginia, Archives And Research Services , 800 East Broad Street, Richmond, Virginia 23219-8000; 804-692-3500
- The Library of Virginia, 800 East Broad Street, Richmond, Virginia 23219-8000; 804-692-3500
- Virginia Genealogical Society, 5001 West Broad Street, Suite 115, Richmond, Virginia 23230-3023 Telephone (804) 285-8954
- Virginia Historical Society, 428 North Boulevard, Richmond, Virginia 23220, Phone: 804.358.4901
- Surry County microfilmed holdings at The Library of Virginia (lva.virginia.gov)
- Virginia Heritage - Guides to manuscript and Archival Collections in Surry Co. Virginia
Where can I connect with other Surry County, VA Researchers through message boards and forums?
What other genealogical resources are available in Surry County, VA?
The following are web links to Genealogy, Records and Resources pertaining to Surry County. A lot of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Commercial Sites, Personal Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some call for a fee. This is just a listing which has been compiled or submitted. I do not endorse or promote one genealogy site above another.
Surry Co. VA Books, Newspapers & Publications
Surry Co. VA Church / Bible Records & Cemeteries / Graveyards
Surry Co. VA Family Websites, Pictures & Histories
Surry Co. VA General and History Websites
Surry Co. VA Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers
Surry Co. VA Military Records