Roanoke County, Virginia

Roanoke County was founded on March 30, 1838 from Botetourt County (Part of Montgomery County was added in 1849) . This county was named for the Roanoke River.

The Roanoke County Seat is located in Salem also, the county government website is www.roanokecountyva.gov/ .

Areas bordering to Roanoke County are Botetourt County (northeast), Bedford County (east), Franklin County (southeast), Floyd County (south/southwest), Montgomery County (west), Craig County (northwest).

Cities and towns located in Roanoke County include Vinton, Salem .

Roanoke County vital records can be found at the Virginia Department of Health (VDH) Office of Vital Records which has Birth and Death Records since June 14, 1912 and copies of Marriage and Divorce Records since 1918 to present. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Virginia for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Roanoke County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also order Order Electronically Online or you can download an application for copies of Roanoke Co. Virginia Birth, Marriage, Divorce, Death Certificate Applications to mail.

Roanoke County consists of Federal Census Schedules to guide in looking into your family tree. Federal Population Schedules can be found for 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Roanoke Co. Mortality Schedules can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Roanoke Co. Industry and Agriculture can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Roanoke Co. Union Veterans Schedules is available for 1890. The Slave Schedules exist for 1850 & 1860. One can find free online and printable census forms to help you with your research.

Roanoke County Societies and Family History Resources

A list of Roanoke County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Forums, Message Boards, Libraries, Archives.

Roanoke County Courthouse and Government Records


Roanoke County Courthouse

Genealogist frequently forget the value of Roanoke County court, probate, and land documents as a resource of genealogy and family history information. Hidden away in Virginia courthouses and archives everywhere are often the aspirations and worries of countless Virginia residents.

The possibilities are great that your ancestors and forefathers have left a detailed record of at least a few elements of their lives in the Roanoke County court records. Even if your forebears is not mentioned in a Court case, give some thought to all of the other methods that could have lead to him or her appearing in court records.

Please make sure to get in touch with the clerk's department to determine hours, mailing address, fees and other particulars in advance of visiting or requesting information because of many times changing contact information. The Department Offices DO NOT DO RESEARCH. The files are readily available to interested parties, barring confidential issues. The majority of staff will guide individuals in obtaining the materials, however it's up to the individual to perform the research.

The following information indicates what birth, marriage, death, property, probate, and courtroom records are located in Roanoke County. The dates stated listed below could be the first known documents for this particular county.

Please make sure to get in touch with the clerk's department to determine hours, mailing address, fees and other particulars in advance of visiting or requesting information because of many times changing contact information. The Department Offices DO NOT DO RESEARCH. The files are readily available to interested parties, barring confidential issues. The majority of staff will guide individuals in obtaining the materials, however it's up to the individual to perform the research.
  • Roanoke County Clerk of Circuit Court serves as custodian of all county court records, and is responsible for providing access to those court records by court personnel, the legal community and the public.
    • Address: P. O. Box 1126, 305 E. Main Street, Salem, VA 24153-1126
    • Phone: (540) 387-6205
    • Marriage Records: 1838 
    • Land Records: 1838
    • Court Records: 1838
    • Probate Records: 1838
  • Roanoke County (VA) Treasurer
  • Roanoke County Real Estate Assessing
  • Roanoke County/Salem Health Department, 105 East Calhoun Street, P. O. Box 1144, Salem, VA 24153; (540) 387-5530
  • County and City Research in Virginia Guides and Indexes (lva.virginia.gov) County and city records document the daily activities of the courts in Virginia's counties, independent cities, and towns. The Library of Virginia houses both original and microfilm records for many of Virginia's counties and independent cities. The guides list will help researchers navigate the complex variety of county and city records in the Library's collections. It includes County and City Records at the Library of Virginia, Using County and City Court Records, Chancery Cases, Judgments, Lost Records Localities database and Burned Jurisdiction database.

Roanoke County Links

The following are web links to Family history and genealogy, Records and Resources related to Roanoke County. A lot of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Commercial Sites, Personal Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some call for a fee. This is just a listing which has been compiled or submitted. I do not endorse or promote one genealogy site above another. Feel free to provide your own favorite Roanoke County genealogy or family history affiliated sites.

Roanoke Co. VA Books, Newspapers & Publications

Roanoke Co. VA Birth, Marriage & Death Records

Roanoke Co. VA Court, Probate Land and Tax Records

Roanoke Co. VA Census Records

Roanoke Co. VA Cemeteries & Graveyards

Roanoke Co. VA Church & Bible Records

Roanoke Co. VA Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Roanoke Co. VA General and History Websites

Roanoke Co. VA Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Roanoke Co. VA Military Records

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