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Lancaster County, Virginia
Genealogy, History & Facts

Lancaster County, Virginia Facts

When was Lancaster County, VA Created?
Lancaster County was established on 1651 from York County and Northumberland County . This county was named for Lancaster, United Kingdom.

What is the County Seat of Lancaster County, VA?
The County Seat is located in Lancaster also, the county government website is www.lancova.com .

What counties are adjacent to Lancaster County, VA?
Bordering Counties are Richmond County (northwest), Northumberland County (north), Middlesex County (south & southwest).

What cities and towns are in Lancaster County, VA?
Cities and towns located in Lancaster County include Irvington, Kilmarnock and White Stone .


Lancaster County, VA Vital Records

Where can find Lancaster County Birth, marriage, Divorce and Death Records?
Lancaster County vital records can be found at the Virginia Department of Health (VDH) Office of Vital Records which has Birth and Death Records since June 14, 1912 and copies of Marriage and Divorce Records since 1918 to present. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Virginia for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Lancaster County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also order Order Electronically Online or you can download an application for copies of Lancaster Co. Virginia Birth, Marriage, Divorce, Death Certificate Applications to mail.

The Archives Division has copies of surviving birth and death records for the period 1853 to 1896 and marriage records prior to 1936. Another resource is the Lancaster County Health Department, 9049 Mary Ball Road, Health & Social Services Building, P.O. Box 158, Lancaster, VA 22503; 804-462-5197


Lancaster County, VA Census Records

What Lancaster County, VA census records are available?
There are many types of census records for Lancaster County guide you in researching your family tree. Federal Population Schedules are available for 1790 (destroyed), 1800 (destroyed), 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Lancaster Co. Mortality Schedules can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Lancaster Co. Industry and Agriculture can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Lancaster Co. Union Veterans Schedules is available for 1890. The Slave Schedules exist for 1850 & 1860. One can find free online and printable census forms to help you with your research. See Also Virginia Census Records Research Guide


Lancaster County, VA Courthouse and Government Records


Lancaster County Courthouse

What genealogical records can I find in the Lancaster County Courthouse?
The below facts shows exactly what death, marriage, birth, property, wills, and court records are typically in Lancaster County. The years listed below are the first noted records with this county. See Also Virginia Corthouse Records Research Guide

  • Lancaster County Clerk of Circuit Court serves as custodian of all county court records, and is responsible for providing access to those court records by court personnel, the legal community and the public.
    • Address: 8265 Mary Ball Road, Lancaster, VA 22503
    • Phone: (804) 462-5611
    • Marriage Records: 1701 
    • Land Records: 1652
    • Court Records: 1651
    • Probate Records: 1652
  • Lancaster County, record book no. 2, 1654-1666, pages 1-394
  • Lancaster County, 1652-1655
  • Using County and City Court Records in the Archives at the Library of Virginia
  • County and City Research in Virginia Guides and Indexes - County and city records document the daily activities of the courts in Virginia's counties, independent cities, and towns. The Library of Virginia houses both original and microfilm records for many of Virginia's counties and independent cities. The guides list will help researchers navigate the complex variety of county and city records in the Library's collections. It includes County and City Records at the Library of Virginia, Using County and City Court Records, Chancery Cases, Judgments, Lost Records Localities database and Burned Jurisdiction database.
  • Virginia County Records, Volume, VI, VII , IX, X - The records in these series were compiled as part of a series known as the Virginia County Records . The volume includes wills, land grants, and marriage bonds as well as other miscellaneous information on early Virginia settlers.
  • BLM Land Records

Lancaster County, VA Societies and Family History Resources

What genealogical and historical societies, archives, museums, associations and libraries are available for Lancaster County, VA?
A list of Lancaster County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Libraries, Archives. See also list of Statewide Virginia Archives, Historical & Genealogical Societies.

Where can I connect with other Lancaster County, VA Researchers through message boards and forums?

What other genealogical resources are available in Lancaster County, VA?
The following are web links to Genealogy, Records and Resources pertaining to Lancaster County. A lot of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Commercial Sites, Personal Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some call for a fee. This is just a listing which has been compiled or submitted. I do not endorse or promote one genealogy site above another.

Lancaster Co. VA Books, Newspapers & Publications

Lancaster Co. VA Church / Bible Records & Cemeteries / Graveyards

Lancaster Co. VA Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Lancaster Co. VA General and History Websites

Lancaster Co. VA Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Lancaster Co. VA Military Records

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