Lancaster County, Virginia
Genealogy and Facts

Lancaster County was founded on 1651 from York County and Northumberland County . This county was named for Lancaster, United Kingdom.

The Lancaster County Seat is located in Lancaster also, the county government website is www.lancova.com .

Areas bordering to Lancaster County are Richmond County (northwest), Northumberland County (north), Middlesex County (south & southwest).

Cities and towns located in Lancaster County include Irvington, Kilmarnock and White Stone .

Lancaster County vital records can be found at the Virginia Department of Health (VDH) Office of Vital Records which has Birth and Death Records since June 14, 1912 and copies of Marriage and Divorce Records since 1918 to present. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Virginia for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Lancaster County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also order Order Electronically Online or you can download an application for copies of Lancaster Co. Virginia Birth, Marriage, Divorce, Death Certificate Applications to mail.

Lancaster County consists of Federal Census Schedules to guide in looking into your family tree. Federal Population Schedules can be found for 1790 (destroyed), 1800 (destroyed), 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Lancaster Co. Mortality Schedules can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Lancaster Co. Industry and Agriculture can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Lancaster Co. Union Veterans Schedules is available for 1890. The Slave Schedules exist for 1850 & 1860. One can find free online and printable census forms to help you with your research.

Lancaster County Societies and Family History Resources

A list of Lancaster County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Forums, Message Boards, Libraries, Archives.

Lancaster County Courthouse and Government Records


Lancaster County Courthouse

Genealogist frequently forget the value of Lancaster County court, probate, and land documents as a resource of genealogy and family history information. Hidden away in Virginia courthouses and archives everywhere are often the aspirations and worries of countless Virginia residents.

The possibilities are great that your ancestors and forefathers have left a detailed record of at least a few elements of their lives in the Lancaster County court records. Even if your forebears is not mentioned in a Court case, give some thought to all of the other methods that could have lead to him or her appearing in court records.

Please make sure to get in touch with the clerk's department to determine hours, mailing address, fees and other particulars in advance of visiting or requesting information because of many times changing contact information. The Department Offices DO NOT DO RESEARCH. The files are readily available to interested parties, barring confidential issues. The majority of staff will guide individuals in obtaining the materials, however it's up to the individual to perform the research.

The following information indicates what birth, marriage, death, property, probate, and courtroom records are located in Lancaster County. The dates stated listed below could be the first known documents for this particular county.

Please make sure to get in touch with the clerk's department to determine hours, mailing address, fees and other particulars in advance of visiting or requesting information because of many times changing contact information. The Department Offices DO NOT DO RESEARCH. The files are readily available to interested parties, barring confidential issues. The majority of staff will guide individuals in obtaining the materials, however it's up to the individual to perform the research.
  • Lancaster County Clerk of Circuit Court serves as custodian of all county court records, and is responsible for providing access to those court records by court personnel, the legal community and the public.
    • Address: 8265 Mary Ball Road, Lancaster, VA 22503
    • Phone: (804) 462-5611
    • Marriage Records: 1701 
    • Land Records: 1652
    • Court Records: 1651
    • Probate Records: 1652
  • Lancaster County Health Department, 9049 Mary Ball Road, Health & Social Services Building, P.O. Box 158, Lancaster, VA 22503; 804-462-5197
  • County and City Research in Virginia Guides and Indexes (lva.virginia.gov) County and city records document the daily activities of the courts in Virginia's counties, independent cities, and towns. The Library of Virginia houses both original and microfilm records for many of Virginia's counties and independent cities. The guides list will help researchers navigate the complex variety of county and city records in the Library's collections. It includes County and City Records at the Library of Virginia, Using County and City Court Records, Chancery Cases, Judgments, Lost Records Localities database and Burned Jurisdiction database.

Lancaster County Links

The following are web links to Family history and genealogy, Records and Resources related to Lancaster County. A lot of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Commercial Sites, Personal Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some call for a fee. This is just a listing which has been compiled or submitted. I do not endorse or promote one genealogy site above another. Feel free to provide your own favorite Lancaster County genealogy or family history affiliated sites.

Lancaster Co. VA Books, Newspapers & Publications

Lancaster Co. VA Birth, Marriage & Death Records

Lancaster Co. VA Court, Probate Land and Tax Records

Lancaster Co. VA Census Records

Lancaster Co. VA Cemeteries & Graveyards

Lancaster Co. VA Church & Bible Records

Lancaster Co. VA Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Lancaster Co. VA General and History Websites

Lancaster Co. VA Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Lancaster Co. VA Military Records

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