Frederick County, Virginia
Genealogy and Facts

Frederick County was founded on December 15, 1738 from Orange County (part of Augusta County was added later. Authorized in 1738, but the government was not formed until 1743) . This county was named for Frederick, Prince of Wales, eldest son of George II .

The Frederick County Seat is located in Winchester also, the county government website is www.co.frederick.va.us/ .

Areas bordering to Frederick County are Clarke County (east), Warren County (south), Shenandoah County (southwest), Hardy County, West Virginia (southwest), Hampshire County, West Virginia (west), Morgan County, West Virginia (north), Berkeley County, West Virginia (northeast).

Cities and towns located in Frederick County include Winchester, Middletown and Stephens City.

Frederick County vital records can be found at the Virginia Department of Health (VDH) Office of Vital Records which has Birth and Death Records since June 14, 1912 and copies of Marriage and Divorce Records since 1918 to present. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Virginia for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Frederick County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also order Order Electronically Online or you can download an application for copies of Frederick Co. Virginia Birth, Marriage, Divorce, Death Certificate Applications to mail.

Frederick County consists of Federal Census Schedules to guide in looking into your family tree. Federal Population Schedules can be found for 1790 (destroyed), 1800 (destroyed), 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Frederick Co. Mortality Schedules can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Frederick Co. Industry and Agriculture can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Frederick Co. Union Veterans Schedules is available for 1890. The Slave Schedules exist for 1850 & 1860. One can find free online and printable census forms to help you with your research.

Frederick County Societies and Family History Resources

A list of Frederick County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Forums, Message Boards, Libraries, Archives.

Frederick County Courthouse and Government Records


Frederick County Courthouse

Genealogist frequently forget the value of Frederick County court, probate, and land documents as a resource of genealogy and family history information. Hidden away in Virginia courthouses and archives everywhere are often the aspirations and worries of countless Virginia residents.

The possibilities are great that your ancestors and forefathers have left a detailed record of at least a few elements of their lives in the Frederick County court records. Even if your forebears is not mentioned in a Court case, give some thought to all of the other methods that could have lead to him or her appearing in court records.

The following indicates what vital, land, probate, and court records are in Frederick county.  The dates indicated below are the first known records for each county. Authorized in 1738, but the government was not formed until 1743.

Please make sure to get in touch with the clerk's department to determine hours, mailing address, fees and other particulars in advance of visiting or requesting information because of many times changing contact information. The Department Offices DO NOT DO RESEARCH. The files are readily available to interested parties, barring confidential issues. The majority of staff will guide individuals in obtaining the materials, however it's up to the individual to perform the research.
  • Frederick County Clerk of Circuit Court serves as custodian of all county court records, and is responsible for providing access to those court records by court personnel, the legal community and the public.
    • Address: 5 North Kent Street, Winchester, VA 22601-5037
    • Phone: (540) 667-5770
    • Marriage Records: 1771 
    • Land Records: 1743
    • Court Records: 1743
    • Probate Records: 1743
  • Frederick County (VA) Treasurer
  • Frederick County Real Estate Information
  • Frederick / Winchester Health Department, 10 Baker Street, Winchester, VA 22601; Phone: (540) 722-3470
  • County and City Research in Virginia Guides and Indexes (lva.virginia.gov) County and city records document the daily activities of the courts in Virginia's counties, independent cities, and towns. The Library of Virginia houses both original and microfilm records for many of Virginia's counties and independent cities. The guides list will help researchers navigate the complex variety of county and city records in the Library's collections. It includes County and City Records at the Library of Virginia, Using County and City Court Records, Chancery Cases, Judgments, Lost Records Localities database and Burned Jurisdiction database.

Frederick County Links

The following are web links to Family history and genealogy, Records and Resources related to Frederick County. A lot of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Commercial Sites, Personal Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some call for a fee. This is just a listing which has been compiled or submitted. I do not endorse or promote one genealogy site above another. Feel free to provide your own favorite Frederick County genealogy or family history affiliated sites.

Frederick Co. VA Books, Newspapers & Publications

Frederick Co. VA Birth, Marriage & Death Records

Frederick Co. VA Court, Probate Land and Tax Records

Frederick Co. VA Census Records

Frederick Co. VA Cemeteries & Graveyards

Frederick Co. VA Church & Bible Records

Frederick Co. VA Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Frederick Co. VA General and History Websites

Frederick Co. VA Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Frederick Co. VA Military Records

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