Cumberland County, Virginia
Genealogy and Facts

Cumberland County was founded on March 23, 1748 from Goochland County . This county was named for Prince William, Duke of Cumberland, British general, politician, and son of King George II .

The Cumberland County Seat is located in Cumberland also, the county government website is www.cumberlandcounty.virginia.gov/ .

Areas bordering to Cumberland County are Goochland County (northeast), Powhatan County (east), Amelia County (southeast), Prince Edward County (south), Buckingham County (west), Fluvanna County (northwest).

Cities and towns located in Cumberland County include Cumberland.

Cumberland County vital records can be found at the Virginia Department of Health (VDH) Office of Vital Records which has Birth and Death Records since June 14, 1912 and copies of Marriage and Divorce Records since 1918 to present. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Virginia for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Cumberland County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also order Order Electronically Online or you can download an application for copies of Cumberland Co. Virginia Birth, Marriage, Divorce, Death Certificate Applications to mail.

Cumberland County consists of Federal Census Schedules to guide in looking into your family tree. Federal Population Schedules can be found for 1790 (destroyed), 1800 (destroyed), 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Cumberland Co. Mortality Schedules can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Cumberland Co. Industry and Agriculture can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Cumberland Co. Union Veterans Schedules is available for 1890. The Slave Schedules exist for 1850 & 1860. One can find free online and printable census forms to help you with your research.

Cumberland County Societies and Family History Resources

A list of Cumberland County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Forums, Message Boards, Libraries, Archives.

Cumberland County Courthouse and Government Records


Cumberland County Courthouse

Genealogist frequently forget the value of Cumberland County court, probate, and land documents as a resource of genealogy and family history information. Hidden away in Virginia courthouses and archives everywhere are often the aspirations and worries of countless Virginia residents.

The possibilities are great that your ancestors and forefathers have left a detailed record of at least a few elements of their lives in the Cumberland County court records. Even if your forebears is not mentioned in a Court case, give some thought to all of the other methods that could have lead to him or her appearing in court records.

The following indicates what vital, land, probate, and court records are in Cumberland county.  The dates indicated below are the first known records for each county. Records fragmented.

Please make sure to get in touch with the clerk's department to determine hours, mailing address, fees and other particulars in advance of visiting or requesting information because of many times changing contact information. The Department Offices DO NOT DO RESEARCH. The files are readily available to interested parties, barring confidential issues. The majority of staff will guide individuals in obtaining the materials, however it's up to the individual to perform the research.
  • Cumberland County Clerk of Circuit Court serves as custodian of all county court records, and is responsible for providing access to those court records by court personnel, the legal community and the public.
    • Address: P. O. Box 8, 1 Courthouse Circle, Cumberland, VA 23040-0008
    • Phone: (804) 492-4442
    • Marriage Records: 1749 
    • Land Records: 1749
    • Court Records: 1749
    • Probate Records: 1749
  • Cumberland County Treasurer's Office
  • Cumberland County Health Department, P.O. Box 107, 726 Foster Road, Cumberland, VA 23040; Phone:(804) 492-4661
  • County and City Research in Virginia Guides and Indexes (lva.virginia.gov) County and city records document the daily activities of the courts in Virginia's counties, independent cities, and towns. The Library of Virginia houses both original and microfilm records for many of Virginia's counties and independent cities. The guides list will help researchers navigate the complex variety of county and city records in the Library's collections. It includes County and City Records at the Library of Virginia, Using County and City Court Records, Chancery Cases, Judgments, Lost Records Localities database and Burned Jurisdiction database.

Cumberland County Links

The following are web links to Family history and genealogy, Records and Resources related to Cumberland County. A lot of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Commercial Sites, Personal Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some call for a fee. This is just a listing which has been compiled or submitted. I do not endorse or promote one genealogy site above another. Feel free to provide your own favorite Cumberland County genealogy or family history affiliated sites.

Cumberland Co. VA Books, Newspapers & Publications

Cumberland Co. VA Birth, Marriage & Death Records

Cumberland Co. VA Court, Probate Land and Tax Records

Cumberland Co. VA Census Records

Cumberland Co. VA Cemeteries & Graveyards

Cumberland Co. VA Church & Bible Records

Cumberland Co. VA Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Cumberland Co. VA General and History Websites

Cumberland Co. VA Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Cumberland Co. VA Military Records

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