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Madison County, Missouri
Genealogy, History & Facts

Madison County, Missouri Facts

Madison County

When was Madison County, MO Created?
Madison County was created on December 14, 1818 (effective January 1, 1819) from Cape Girardeau County and Ste. Genevieve County. The county was named in honor of James Madison (1751–1836), politician and political philosopher who served as the fourth President of the United States, and one of the Founding Fathers of the United States.

What is the County Seat of Madison County, MO?
The County Seat is located in Fredericktown and in addition the county government website is unknown

What counties are adjacent to Madison County, MO?
Bordering Counties are St. Francois County, Perry County, Bollinger County, Wayne County, Iron County.

What cities and towns are in Madison County, MO?
Cities and towns located in the County include Castor Station, Cobalt, Fredericktown, Junction City, Marquand, Millcreek, Mine La Motte, Oak Grove, Saco, Zion.

Madison County, MO Vital Records

Where can find Madison County Birth, marriage, Divorce and Death Records?
Madison County vital records can be found at the Missouri Office of Vital Records has copies of birth and death records reported from January 1, 1910. There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Missouri for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Madison County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also Order Electronically Online or can download an application for Missouri Birth and Death CertificateMarriage and Divorce Certificate Application to mail.

Another resource is the Madison County Health Department has Birth Certificates since 1920 and Death Certificates since 1980.

Madison County, MO Census Records

What Madison County, MO census records are available?
There are many types of census records for Madison County guide you in researching your family tree. Federal Population Schedules are available for 1820 (missing), 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Madison Co. Slave Schedules is available for 1850 & 1860. Madison Co. Mortality Schedules can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Madison Co. Industry and Agriculture can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Madison Co. Union Veterans Schedules can be acquired for 1890. There are free down-loadable and printable census forms to help you with your research. See Also Missouri Census Records Research Guide

Madison County, MO Courthouse and Government Records

Madison County Courthouse

What genealogical records can I find in the Madison County Courthouse?
The below facts shows exactly what death, marriage, birth, property, wills, and court records are typically in Madison County. The years listed below are the first noted records with this county. See Also Missouri Corthouse Records Research Guide.

  • Madison County Courthouse (all departments listed below are located here, unless otherwise noted)
    • Address: 1 Courthouse Sq, Fredericktown, MO 63645
  • Madison County Recorder of Deeds is the place where all transactions having to do with land are recorded and kept on file. They take marriage license applications, issues marriage licenses, files the license after the marriage, and maintains a permanent record of the marriage, surveys and plats of subdivisions, Armed Forces discharge papers for all veterans who reside in the county. Some naturalization records have been found with the deeds.
    • Phone: 573-783-3410
    • Marriage Records: 1821 (including Index to deeds, 1819-1888; Deed records, 1819-1890) 
    • Land Records: 1819 (including Marriage records, 1821-1916) 
  • Madison County Circuit Court Clerk / Probate Court Clerk has the direct index to records such as divorces, adoptions, judgment, and tax fee books including direct and indirect indexes. They also retain the index to criminal records and criminal files of the circuit court. Adoptions are under the jurisdiction of the circuit court. Naturalization records, including petitions, declarations of intention, certificates, and certificates of allegiance, and granting of citizenship are also located in the clerk's office, as well as an index to civil case files. The County Probate Division has jurisdiction over the estates of deceased persons. The Division hears all litigation involving trusts, including those trusts established in wills. (In the smaller counties, probate matters are handled in the same office as the associate circuit court office)
    • Phone: (573) 783-2102
    • Probate Records: 1821  (including Index to probate records, 1821-1886; Probate records, 1821-1886; Administrator’s/executor’s letters, bonds and records, 1858-1910; Inventories, appraisements and sale bills, 1873-1879; Settlement records, 1848-1878; Wills, 1822-1923) 
    • Court & Divorce Records: 1827 (including Index to circuit court records, 1845-1915; Circuit court records, 1827-1915) 
  • Madison County Clerk of the Court has indexes to common pleas, records of all extant proceedings, chancery minute books, records of births and deaths, county court records, right-of-way and road records, as well as surveyor's records (including field notes and plats made by the county surveyor). This office usually holds the county treasurer's notes, bonds and commissions, records of marks and brands, wolf scalps, stray notices, real estate assessments, and tax books. In some counties, early terms for this court included “Chancery” or the “Court of Common Pleas.”
    • Phone: (573) 783-2176
    • Birth & Death Records: 1883-1900 (including Register of births and stillbirths, 1883-1900; Permanent record of births, 1883-1900; Register of deaths, 1883-1892; Permanent record of deaths, 1883-1900) 
  • Madison County Tax Assessor Office is responsible for appraising and assessing real estate property and person property for the purpose of taxation as well as transferring ownership of real estate, and keeping real estate maps up to date.
  • Local Records Inventory Database
  • State-Issued Land Patents 1831 - 1969
  • BLM Land Records

Madison County, MO Societies and Family History Resources

What genealogical and historical societies, archives, museums, associations and libraries are available for Madison County, MO?
A list of Madison County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Libraries, Archives. See also list of Statewide Missouri Archives, Historical & Genealogical Societies.

  • Historic Madison County Society, 122 North Main Street, Fredericktown, MO 63645; Phone: (573) 783-2722
  • C.R.O.P./Village of Marquand Historical Park, P.O. Box 55, Marquand, MO 63655; Phone: (573) 783-7525
  • Missouri State Archives, Missouri State Information Center; P.O. Box 1747, 600 West Main Str, Jefferson City, MO 65102
  • Missouri State Library – 600 West Main Street, Jefferson City, MO 65101; (573) 751-4936
  • Missouri Historical Society, P.O. Box 11940, St. Louis 63112-0040
  • Missouri State Genealogical Association, P.O. Box 833, Columbia, MO 65205-0833

Where can I connect with other Madison County, MO Researchers through message boards and forums?

What other genealogical resources are available in Madison County, MO?
The following are web links to Genealogy, Records and Resources pertaining to Madison County. A majority of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Business Sites, Private Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some have to have a payment. This is just a directory which has been gathered or submitted. I do not endorse or promote one genealogy site above another.

Madison Co. MO Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Madison Co. MO Books, Newspapers & Publications

Madison Co. GA Cemeteries & Church Records

Madison Co. MO Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Madison Co. MO General and History Websites

Madison Co. MO Military Records

Madison Co. MO Schools & Directories

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