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Madison County, Missouri
Genealogy, History & Facts

Madison County, Missouri Facts

Madison County

When was Madison County, MO Created?
Madison County was created on December 14, 1818 (effective January 1, 1819) from Cape Girardeau County and Ste. Genevieve County.

What is the County Seat of Madison County, MO?
The County Seat is located in Fredericktown and in addition the county government website is unknown

What counties are adjacent to Madison County, MO?
Bordering Counties are St. Francois County, Perry County, Bollinger County, Wayne County, Iron County.


Madison County, MO Vital Records

Where can find Madison County Birth, marriage, Divorce and Death Records?
Madison County vital records can be found at the Missouri Office of Vital Records has copies of birth and death records reported from January 1, 1910. There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Missouri for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Madison County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also Order Electronically Online or can download an application for Missouri Birth and Death CertificateMarriage and Divorce Certificate Application to mail.

Another resource is the Madison County Health Department has Birth Certificates since 1920 and Death Certificates since 1980.


Madison County, MO Census Records

What Madison County, MO census records are available?
There are many types of census records for Madison County guide you in researching your family tree. Federal Population Schedules are available for 1820 (missing), 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Madison Co. Slave Schedules is available for 1850 & 1860. Madison Co. Mortality Schedules can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Madison Co. Industry and Agriculture can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Madison Co. Union Veterans Schedules can be acquired for 1890. There are free down-loadable and printable census forms to help you with your research. See Also Missouri Census Records Research Guide


Madison County, MO Courthouse and Government Records


Madison County Courthouse

What genealogical records can I find in the Madison County Courthouse?
Researchers frequently overlook the great importance of Madison County court, probate, and land records data as a useful resource of ancestry and genealogy information. Buried away in Missouri courthouses and archives everywhere are the ambitions and frustrations of countless Missouri residents.

The possibilities are excellent that your forefathers have left a comprehensive document of at least a number of facets of their lives in the Madison County court records. Even if your forebears is not referred to in a Court case, contemplate all of the other procedures that could have lead to him or her to appear in court records. See Also Missouri Corthouse Records Research Guide.


Madison County, MO Societies and Family History Resources

What genealogical and historical societies, archives, museums, associations and libraries are available for Madison County, MO?
A list of Madison County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Libraries, Archives. See also list of Statewide Missouri Archives, Historical & Genealogical Societies.

  • Historic Madison County Society, 122 North Main Street, Fredericktown, MO 63645; Phone: (573) 783-2722
  • C.R.O.P./Village of Marquand Historical Park, P.O. Box 55, Marquand, MO 63655; Phone: (573) 783-7525
  • Missouri State Archives, Missouri State Information Center; P.O. Box 1747, 600 West Main Str, Jefferson City, MO 65102
  • Missouri State Library – 600 West Main Street, Jefferson City, MO 65101; (573) 751-4936
  • Missouri Historical Society, P.O. Box 11940, St. Louis 63112-0040
  • Missouri State Genealogical Association, P.O. Box 833, Columbia, MO 65205-0833

Where can I connect with other Madison County, MO Researchers through message boards and forums?

What other genealogical resources are available in Madison County, MO?
The following are web links to Genealogy, Records and Resources pertaining to Madison County. A majority of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Business Sites, Private Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some have to have a payment. This is just a directory which has been gathered or submitted. I do not endorse or promote one genealogy site above another.

Madison Co. MO Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Madison Co. MO Books, Newspapers & Publications

Madison Co. GA Cemeteries & Church Records

Madison Co. MO Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Madison Co. MO General and History Websites

Madison Co. MO Military Records

Madison Co. MO Schools & Directories

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