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Sangamon County, Illinois
Genealogy, History & Facts

Sangamon County, Illinois Facts

Sangamon County

When was Sangamon County, IL Created?
Sangamon County was established on January 30, 1821 from Bond County and Madison County. This county was named for the Sangamon River .

What is the County Seat of Sangamon County, IL?
The County Seat is located in Springfield also, the county government website is .

What counties are adjacent to Sangamon County, IL?
Bordering Counties are  Menard County (north), Logan County (north), Macon County (east), Christian County (southeast), Montgomery County (south), Macoupin County (south), Morgan County (west), Cass County (west)

What cities and towns are in Sangamon County, IL?
Cities and towns located in the County include  Auburn, Berlin, Buffalo, Cantrall, Chatham, Clear Lake, Curran, Dawson, Divernon, Grandview, Illiopolis, Jerome, Leland Grove, Loami, Mechanicsburg, New Berlin, Pawnee, Pleasant Plains, Riverton, Rochester, Sherman, Southern View, Spaulding, Springfield, Thayer, Williamsville.

What Townships are in Sangamon County, IL?
Townships located in the County include Loami, Lanesville, Illiopolis, Island Grove, Fancy Creek, Gardner, Buffalo Hart, Ball, Auburn, Clear Lake, Chatham, Capital, Cartwright, Curran, Cooper, Cotton Hill, Divernon, Pawnee, Mechanicsburg, Maxwell, New Berlin, Springfield, Rochester, Talkington, Woodside, Williams.

Sangamon County, IL Vital Records

Where can find Sangamon County Birth, marriage, Divorce and Death Records?
Sangamon County vital records can be found at the Illinois Department of Public Health has copies of birth, marriage, divorce and death records. There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Illinois for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Sangamon County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also Order Electronically Online or can download an application for Illinois Birth CertificateMarriage CertificateDivorce CertificateDeath Certificate Applications to mail.

Sangamon County, IL Census Records

What Sangamon County, IL census records are available?
There are many types of census records for Sangamon County guide you in researching your family tree. Federal Population Schedules are available for 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Sangamon Co. Mortality Schedules can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Sangamon Co. Industry and Agriculture can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Sangamon Co. Union Veterans Schedules is available for 1890. One can find free online and printable census forms to help you with your research. See Also Illinois Census Records Research Guide

Sangamon County, IL Courthouse and Government Records

Sangamon County Courthouse

What genealogical records can I find in the Sangamon County Courthouse?
The below facts shows exactly what death, marriage, birth, property, wills, and court records are typically in Sangamon County. The years listed below are the first noted records with this county. See Also Illinois Corthouse Records Research Guide.

  • Sangamon County Courthouse (all departments listed below are located here, unless otherwise noted)
    • Address: 200 S. 9th St., Springfield, IL 62701-1629
  • Sangamon County Clerk maintains records and issues certificates of vital statistics (birth certificates, death certificates, and marriage certificates) for the entire County.
    • Phone: 217 753.6700
    • Marriage Records: 1821
    • Birth & Death Records: 1877
  • Sangamon County Recorder of Deeds serves the people of County by receiving, filing and maintaining all records related to real property in our county. These documents range from all types of conveyance deeds, mortgages, releases and assignments, property liens, as well as, assorted federal, state and local liens. The Recorder’s office is responsible for the recordation and storage of plats of subdivision, land surveys and monument records. Many other types of miscellaneous documents are recorded, such as; foreign birth certificates, foreign marriage licenses, and military discharge paperwork to name a few.
    • Phone: 217 535.3150
    • Land Records:1822
  • Sangamon County Clerk of the Circuit Court, commonly known as the Circuit Clerk, is the keeper of the files and records of the Circuit Court. The Circuit Clerk's Office retains documents some of which include criminal law, chancery, support, probate, adoption, ect....
    • Phone: 217-753-6674
    • Probate Records: 1821
    • Court Records: 1821
  • Sangamon County Treasurer's Office is responsible for the statutory duties required as County Treasurer and as Ex-Officio County Collector of Real Estate Property Taxes and Drainage District Taxes for the entire county.
  • The county archives of the state of Illinois
  • Local Government Records Database - provides a listing of the local governmental records held by the Illinois Regional Archives Depository (IRAD) system
  • BLM Land Records

Sangamon County, IL Societies and Family History Resources

What genealogical and historical societies, archives, museums, associations and libraries are available for Sangamon County, IL?
A list of Sangamon County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Libraries, Archives. See also list of Statewide Illinois Archives, Historical & Genealogical Societies.

Where can I connect with other Sangamon County, IL Researchers through message boards and forums?

What other genealogical resources are available in Sangamon County, IL?
The following are web links to Genealogy, Records and Resources pertaining to Sangamon County. These genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Commercial Sites, Private Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some require a cost. This is simply a collection that has been gathered or submitted. I do not recommend or promote one genealogy site over another.

Sangamon Co. IL Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Sangamon Co. IL Books, Newspapers & Publications

Sangamon Co. IL Cemeteries & Church Records

Sangamon Co. IL Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Sangamon Co. IL General and History Websites

Sangamon Co. IL Military Records

Sangamon Co. IL Schools & Directories

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