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Monroe County, Illinois
Genealogy, History & Facts

Monroe County, Illinois Facts

Monroe County

When was Monroe County, IL Created?
Monroe County was established on January 6, 1816 from Randolph County and St. Clair County. This county was named for James Monroe (1758-1831), seventh United States Secretary of State, eighth United States Secretary of War, Governor of Virginia, and fifth President of the United States.

What is the County Seat of Monroe County, IL?
The County Seat is located in Waterloo (prior county seats was Harrisonville from 1816–1825) also, the county government website is .

What counties are adjacent to Monroe County, IL?
Bordering Counties are  St. Clair County (northeast), Randolph County (southeast), Ste. Genevieve County, Missouri (south), Jefferson County, Missouri (west), St. Louis County, Missouri (northwest)

What cities and towns are in Monroe County, IL?
Cities and towns located in the County include  Columbia, Waterloo, Fults, Hecker, Maeystown, Valmeyer.

What Townships are in Monroe County, IL?
Townships located in the County include Bluff, Columbia, Harrisonville, Mitchie, Moredock, New Design, New Hanover, Prairie Du Long, Renault, Waterloo.

Monroe County, IL Vital Records

Where can find Monroe County Birth, marriage, Divorce and Death Records?
Monroe County vital records can be found at the Illinois Department of Public Health has copies of birth, marriage, divorce and death records. There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Illinois for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Monroe County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also Order Electronically Online or can download an application for Illinois Birth CertificateMarriage CertificateDivorce CertificateDeath Certificate Applications to mail.

Monroe County, IL Census Records

What Monroe County, IL census records are available?
There are many types of census records for Monroe County guide you in researching your family tree. Federal Population Schedules are available for 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Monroe Co. Mortality Schedules can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Monroe Co. Industry and Agriculture can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Monroe Co. Union Veterans Schedules is available for 1890. One can find free online and printable census forms to help you with your research. See Also Illinois Census Records Research Guide

Monroe County, IL Courthouse and Government Records

Monroe County Courthouse

What genealogical records can I find in the Monroe County Courthouse?
The below facts shows exactly what death, marriage, birth, property, wills, and court records are typically in Monroe County. The years listed below are the first noted records with this county. See Also Illinois Corthouse Records Research Guide.

  • Monroe County Courthouse (all departments listed below are located here, unless otherwise noted)
    • Address: 100 South Main Street, Waterloo, IL 62298
  • Monroe County Clerk & Recorder of Deeds maintains records and issues certificates of vital statistics (birth certificates, death certificates, and marriage certificates) for the entire County. The Recorder's duties are receiving, filing and maintaining all records related to real property in our county. These documents range from all types of conveyance deeds, mortgages, releases and assignments, property liens, as well as, assorted federal, state and local liens. The Recorder’s office is responsible for the recordation and storage of plats of subdivision, land surveys and monument records. Many other types of miscellaneous documents are recorded, such as; foreign birth certificates, foreign marriage licenses, and military discharge paperwork to name a few.
    • Phone: (618) 939-8681 ext. 302
    • Marriage Records: 1816
    • Birth & Death Records: 1877
    • Land Records: 1816
  • Monroe County Clerk of the Circuit Court, commonly known as the Circuit Clerk, is the keeper of the files and records of the Circuit Court. The Circuit Clerk's Office retains documents some of which include criminal law, chancery, support, probate, adoption, ect....
    • Phone: (618) 939-8681 ext. 223
    • Probate Records: 1820
    • Court Records: 1816
  • Monroe County Treasurer's Office is responsible for the statutory duties required as County Treasurer and as Ex-Officio County Collector of Real Estate Property Taxes and Drainage District Taxes for the entire county.
  • The county archives of the state of Illinois
  • Local Government Records Database - provides a listing of the local governmental records held by the Illinois Regional Archives Depository (IRAD) system
  • BLM Land Records

Monroe County, IL Societies and Family History Resources

What genealogical and historical societies, archives, museums, associations and libraries are available for Monroe County, IL?
A list of Monroe County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Libraries, Archives. See also list of Statewide Illinois Archives, Historical & Genealogical Societies.

Where can I connect with other Monroe County, IL Researchers through message boards and forums?

What other genealogical resources are available in Monroe County, IL?
The following are web links to Genealogy, Records and Resources pertaining to Monroe County. These genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Commercial Sites, Private Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some require a cost. This is simply a collection that has been gathered or submitted. I do not recommend or promote one genealogy site over another.

Monroe Co. IL Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Monroe Co. IL Books, Newspapers & Publications

Monroe Co. IL Cemeteries & Church Records

Monroe Co. IL Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Monroe Co. IL General and History Websites

Monroe Co. IL Military Records

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