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Effingham County, Illinois
Genealogy, History & Facts

Effingham County, Illinois Facts

Effingham County

When was Effingham County, IL Created?
Effingham County was established on February 15, 1831 from Crawford County and Fayette County. This county was named for Lord Edward Effingham, military officer who resigned from the British Army to avoid fighting the American colonies .

What is the County Seat of Effingham County, IL?
The County Seat is located in Effingham (prior county seats was Ewington from 1833–1860) also, the county government website is www.co.effingham.il.us .

What counties are adjacent to Effingham County, IL?
Bordering Counties are  Cumberland County (northeast), Jasper County (east), Clay County (southeast), Fayette County (west), Shelby County (northwest)

What cities and towns are in Effingham County, IL?
Cities and towns located in the County include  Altamont, Effingham, Mason, Beecher City, Dieterich, Edgewood, Montrose, Shumway, Teutopolis, Watson.

What Townships are in Effingham County, IL?
Townships located in the County include Liberty, Jackson, Bishop, Banner, Douglas, Mason, Lucas, Mound, Moccasin, St. Francis, Union, Summit, Teutopolis, West, Watson.


Effingham County, IL Vital Records

Where can find Effingham County Birth, marriage, Divorce and Death Records?
Effingham County vital records can be found at the Illinois Department of Public Health has copies of birth, marriage, divorce and death records. There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Illinois for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Effingham County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also Order Electronically Online or can download an application for Illinois Birth CertificateMarriage CertificateDivorce CertificateDeath Certificate Applications to mail.


Effingham County, IL Census Records

What Effingham County, IL census records are available?
There are many types of census records for Effingham County guide you in researching your family tree. Federal Population Schedules are available for 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Effingham Co. Mortality Schedules can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Effingham Co. Industry and Agriculture can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Effingham Co. Union Veterans Schedules is available for 1890. One can find free online and printable census forms to help you with your research. See Also Illinois Census Records Research Guide


Effingham County, IL Courthouse and Government Records


Effingham County Courthouse

What genealogical records can I find in the Effingham County Courthouse?
The below facts shows exactly what death, marriage, birth, property, wills, and court records are typically in Effingham County. The years listed below are the first noted records with this county. See Also Illinois Corthouse Records Research Guide

  • Effingham County Courthouse (all departments listed below are located here, unless otherwise noted)
    • Address: 101 N. 4th St., P.O. Box 628, Effingham, IL 62401
  • Effingham County Clerk & Recorder of Deeds maintains records and issues certificates of vital statistics (birth certificates, death certificates, and marriage certificates) for the entire County. The Recorder's duties are receiving, filing and maintaining all records related to real property in our county. These documents range from all types of conveyance deeds, mortgages, releases and assignments, property liens, as well as, assorted federal, state and local liens. The Recorder’s office is responsible for the recordation and storage of plats of subdivision, land surveys and monument records. Many other types of miscellaneous documents are recorded, such as; foreign birth certificates, foreign marriage licenses, and military discharge paperwork to name a few.
    • Phone: 217-342-6535
    • Marriage Records: 1833
    • Birth & Death Records: 1877
    • Land Records: 1833
  • Effingham County Clerk of the Circuit Court, commonly known as the Circuit Clerk, is the keeper of the files and records of the Circuit Court. The Circuit Clerk's Office retains documents some of which include criminal law, chancery, support, probate, adoption, ect....
    • Phone: 217-342-4065
    • Probate Records: 1838
    • Court Records: 1833
  • Effingham County Treasurer's Office is responsible for the statutory duties required as County Treasurer and as Ex-Officio County Collector of Real Estate Property Taxes and Drainage District Taxes for the entire county.
  • The county archives of the state of Illinois
  • Local Government Records Database - provides a listing of the local governmental records held by the Illinois Regional Archives Depository (IRAD) system
  • BLM Land Records

Effingham County, IL Societies and Family History Resources

What genealogical and historical societies, archives, museums, associations and libraries are available for Effingham County, IL?
A list of Effingham County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Libraries, Archives. See also list of Statewide Illinois Archives, Historical & Genealogical Societies.

Where can I connect with other Effingham County, IL Researchers through message boards and forums?

What other genealogical resources are available in Effingham County, IL?
The following are web links to Genealogy, Records and Resources pertaining to Effingham County. These genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Commercial Sites, Private Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some require a cost. This is simply a collection that has been gathered or submitted. I do not recommend or promote one genealogy site over another.

Effingham Co. IL Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Effingham Co. IL Books, Newspapers & Publications

Effingham Co. IL Cemeteries & Church Records

Effingham Co. IL Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Effingham Co. IL General and History Websites

Effingham Co. IL Military Records

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