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Coles County, Illinois
Genealogy, History & Facts

Coles County, Illinois Facts

Coles County

When was Coles County, IL Created?
Coles County was established on December 25, 1830 from Clark County and Edgar County. This county was named for Edward Coles (1786–1868), second Governor of Illinois, responsible for the abolition of slavery in Illinois .

What is the County Seat of Coles County, IL?
The County Seat is located in Charleston also, the county government website is .

What counties are adjacent to Coles County, IL?
Bordering Counties are   Douglas County, Edgar County, Clark County, Cumberland County, Shelby County, Moultrie County

What cities and towns are in Coles County, IL?
Cities and towns located in the County include  Charleston, Mattoon, Ashmore, Humboldt, Lerna, Oakland.

What Townships are in Coles County, IL?
Townships located in the County include Lafayette, Hutton, Humboldt, East Oakland, Ashmore, Charleston, Pleasant Grove, North Okaw, Paradise, Mattoon, Morgan, Seven Hickory.

Coles County, IL Vital Records

Where can find Coles County Birth, marriage, Divorce and Death Records?
Coles County vital records can be found at the Illinois Department of Public Health has copies of birth, marriage, divorce and death records. There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Illinois for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Coles County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also Order Electronically Online or can download an application for Illinois Birth CertificateMarriage CertificateDivorce CertificateDeath Certificate Applications to mail.

Coles County, IL Census Records

What Coles County, IL census records are available?
There are many types of census records for Coles County guide you in researching your family tree. Federal Population Schedules are available for 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Coles Co. Mortality Schedules can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Coles Co. Industry and Agriculture can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Coles Co. Union Veterans Schedules is available for 1890. One can find free online and printable census forms to help you with your research. See Also Illinois Census Records Research Guide

Coles County, IL Courthouse and Government Records

Coles County Courthouse

What genealogical records can I find in the Coles County Courthouse?
The below facts shows exactly what death, marriage, birth, property, wills, and court records are typically in Coles County. The years listed below are the first noted records with this county. See Also Illinois Corthouse Records Research Guide.

  • Coles County Courthouse (all departments listed below are located here, unless otherwise noted)
    • Address: 651 Jackson Ave., Charleston, IL 61920
  • Coles County Clerk & Recorder of Deeds maintains records and issues certificates of vital statistics (birth certificates, death certificates, and marriage certificates) for the entire County. The Recorder's duties are receiving, filing and maintaining all records related to real property in our county. These documents range from all types of conveyance deeds, mortgages, releases and assignments, property liens, as well as, assorted federal, state and local liens. The Recorder’s office is responsible for the recordation and storage of plats of subdivision, land surveys and monument records. Many other types of miscellaneous documents are recorded, such as; foreign birth certificates, foreign marriage licenses, and military discharge paperwork to name a few.
    • Phone: 217-348-0501
    • Marriage Records: 1831
    • Birth & Death Records: 1877
    • Land Records: 1830
  • Coles County Clerk of the Circuit Court, commonly known as the Circuit Clerk, is the keeper of the files and records of the Circuit Court. The Circuit Clerk's Office retains documents some of which include criminal law, chancery, support, probate, adoption, ect....
    • Phone: 217-348-0516
    • Probate Records: 1830
    • Court Records: 1831
  • Coles County Treasurer's Office is responsible for the statutory duties required as County Treasurer and as Ex-Officio County Collector of Real Estate Property Taxes and Drainage District Taxes for the entire county.
  • The county archives of the state of Illinois
  • Local Government Records Database - provides a listing of the local governmental records held by the Illinois Regional Archives Depository (IRAD) system
  • BLM Land Records

Coles County, IL Societies and Family History Resources

What genealogical and historical societies, archives, museums, associations and libraries are available for Coles County, IL?
A list of Coles County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Libraries, Archives. See also list of Statewide Illinois Archives, Historical & Genealogical Societies.

Where can I connect with other Coles County, IL Researchers through message boards and forums?

What other genealogical resources are available in Coles County, IL?
The following are web links to Genealogy, Records and Resources pertaining to Coles County. These genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Commercial Sites, Private Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some require a cost. This is simply a collection that has been gathered or submitted. I do not recommend or promote one genealogy site over another.

Coles Co. IL Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Coles Co. IL Books, Newspapers & Publications

Coles Co. IL Cemeteries & Church Records

Coles Co. IL Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Coles Co. IL General and History Websites

Coles Co. IL Military Records

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