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Columbia County, Georgia
Genealogy, History & Facts

Columbia County, Georgia Facts

When was Columbia County, GA Created?
Columbia County was established on December 10, 1790 from Richmond County. The county was named in honor of Christopher Columbus (1446 - 1506), explorer.

What is the County Seat of Columbia County, GA?
The County Seat is located in Appling and in the current county government website is

What counties are adjacent to Columbia County, GA?
Bordering Counties are  Richmond County, McDuffie County (west), Lincoln County (northwest), McCormick County, SC (north), Edgefield County, SC (northeast).

Columbia County, GA Vital Records

Where can find Columbia County Birth, marriage, Divorce and Death Records?
Columbia County vital records can be found at the Georgia Department of Health which has copies for copies of birth and death records since Jan 1919, copies of marriage since June 9, 1952 to 1996 and a Divorce records index since June 9, 1952. There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Georgia for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Columbia County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also order Order Electronically Online or you can download an application for copies of Columbia Co. Birth CertificateMarriage CertificateDivorce Certificate or Death Certificates to mail.

The Columbia County Health Department can issue Birth, Marriage and Death certificates while you wait. Contact the Clerk of Superior Court for Divorce Records and the Probate Judge for Marriage Records.

Columbia County, GA Census Records

What Columbia County, GA census records are available?
There are many types of census records for Columbia County guide you in researching your family tree. Federal Population Schedules are available for 1790 (missing), 1800 (missing), 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Columbia County Slave Schedules can be obtained for 1850 & 1860. Columbia County Mortality Schedules can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Columbia County Industry and Agriculture Schedules can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Columbia County Union Veterans Schedules can be obtained for 1890.

You can find free down-loadable and also printable census forms to help you with your research. See Also Georgia Census Records Research Guide

Columbia County, GA Courthouse and Government Records

Columbia County Courthouse

What genealogical records can I find in the Columbia County Courthouse?
The below facts shows exactly what death, marriage, birth, property, wills, and court records are typically in Columbia County. The years listed below are the first noted records with this county. See Also Georgia Corthouse Records Research Guide.

Columbia County, GA Societies and Family History Resources

What genealogical and historical societies, archives, museums, associations and libraries are available for Columbia County, GA?
A list of Columbia County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Libraries, Archives. See also list of Georgia Archives, Genealogical and Historical Societies.

Where can I connect with other Columbia County, GA Researchers through message boards and forums?

What other genealogical resources are available in Columbia County, GA?
The following links to Genealogy Resources associated to Columbia County. These links fall into 3 categories: Business Sites, Personal Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some have to have a cost. This is basically a list that has been gathered or submitted. I do not recommend or promote one genealogy site above another.

Facts for Columbia Co. GA Books, Newspapers & Publications

Facts for Columbia Co. GA Cemeteries & Church Records

Facts for Columbia Co. GA Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Facts for Columbia Co. GA General and History Websites

Facts for Columbia Co. GA Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Facts for Columbia Co. GA Military Records

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