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Jefferson County, Florida

Jefferson County

Jefferson County was created on January 6, 1827 from Leon County. This county was named for Thomas Jefferson (1743–1826), the third President of the United States and principal author of the Declaration of Independence.

The Jefferson County Seat is located in Monticello also, the county government website is

Areas bordering to Jefferson County are Thomas County, Georgia (north), Brooks County, Georgia (northeast), Madison County (east), Taylor County (southeast), Wakulla County (southwest), Leon County (west).

Incorporated Cities and Towns located in Jefferson County include Monticello.

Jefferson County vital records can be found at the Florida Office of Vital Records which has copies of Birth & Deaths reported 1917 to present and Divorce & Marriages since June 6, 1927. There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Florida for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Jefferson County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also Order Electronically Online or can download an application for Florida Birth Certificate, Marriage Certificate, Divorce Certificate, Death Certificate Application to mail.

Jefferson County consists of Federal Census Schedules to guide in looking into your family tree. Federal Population Schedules can be found for 1830 (as Florida Territory), 1840 (as Florida Territory), 1850, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Jefferson Co. Mortality Schedules can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Jefferson Co. Industry and Agriculture can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Jefferson Co. Union Veterans Schedules is available for 1890. The Slave Schedules exist for 1850 & 1860. One can find free online and printable census forms to help you with your research.

Jefferson Co. Historical Events (published in 1944):

  • Had been the scene of bitter war between the Spanish and English and their Indian allies.
  • Battle of Ayavalla, a few miles southwest of the present Monticello, Jan. 25,, 1704.
  • Achille Murat, nephew of Napoleon Bonaparte died near Wacissa, April 15, 1847.

Jefferson County Societies and Family History Resources

A list of Jefferson County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Forums, Message Boards, Libraries, Archives.

Jefferson County Courthouse and Government Records

Jefferson County Courthouse

Researchers often fail to notice the importance of Jefferson County court, probate, and land documents as a source of family history and genealogy information and facts. Hidden away in Florida courthouses and archives everywhere tend to be the desires and worries of the many Florida residents.

The chances are great that your chosen ancestors have left a detailed record of at least a number of factors of their lives in the Jefferson County court records. Even if your forefathers is not referred to in a Court case, take into consideration all of the other methods which could have lead to her or him to appear in court records.

The following indicates what vital, land, probate, and court records are in Jefferson county. The date listed for each category of record is usually the earliest registration filed. The earliest date does not indicate that there are numerous records for that year and does not mean that all such events were actually registered.

Make sure you call the clerk's department to confirm hours, mailing address, fees and other details before visiting or inquiring about information because of in some cases changing contact details. The Department Offices DO NOT DO RESEARCH. The records are available to interested parties, barring confidential issues. A lot of employees will assist individuals in obtaining the materials, but it is up to the person to undertake the researching.
  • Jefferson County Courthouse (all departments listed below are located here, unless otherwise noted)
    • Address: 1 Courthouse Circle, Monticello, FL 32344
  • Jefferson County Clerk of the Circuit Court / County Clerk is custodian of all records of all predecessor courts, whether justice of the peace, city, county, probate, civil, or criminal.
    • Phone: (850) 342-0218 ext. 232
    • Marriage Records: 1827
    • Land Records: 1827
    • Probate Records: 1900 
    • Court Records: 1900
  • Jefferson County Tax Collector collects all real estate taxes including postponed and delinquent, all county revenues in addition to the research and issue tax deed applications. Our department is the holder of tax records and assessed values.
  • Jefferson County Health Department has copies of Birth & Death certificates. Also has computer access from 1917 to present for birth records for the entire state as well as births that occurred in this county.

Jefferson County Links

The following are links to Family history and genealogy, Records and Resources relevant to Jefferson County. A lot of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Business oriented Sites, Private Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some require a fee. This is just a directory which has been collected or submitted. I do not endorse or promote one genealogy site over another. Feel free to submit your own preferred Jefferson County genealogy or family history affiliated sites.

Jefferson Co. FL Books, Newspapers & Publications

Jefferson Co. FL Birth, Marriage & Death Records

Jefferson Co. FL Court, Probate Land and Tax Records

Jefferson Co. FL Census Records

Jefferson Co. FL Cemeteries & Graveyards

Jefferson Co. FL Church & Bible Records

Jefferson Co. FL Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Jefferson Co. FL General and History Websites

Jefferson Co. FL Immigration & Naturalization

Jefferson Co. FL Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Jefferson Co. FL Military Records

Jefferson Co. FL Schools & Directories

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