Escambia County, Florida
Genealogy and Facts

Escambia County

Escambia County was created on July 21, 1821 as an original county. This county was named for possibly from the Native American word Shambia, meaning "clear water".

The Escambia County Seat is located in Pensacola also, the county government website is www.co.escambia.fl.us/.

Areas bordering to Escambia County are Escambia County, Alabama (north), Santa Rosa County (east), Baldwin County, Alabama (west).

Incorporated Cities and Towns located in Escambia County include Pensacola, Century.

Escambia County vital records can be found at the Florida Office of Vital Records which has copies of Birth & Deaths reported 1917 to present and Divorce & Marriages since June 6, 1927. There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Florida for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Escambia County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also Order Electronically Online or can download an application for Florida Birth Certificate, Marriage Certificate, Divorce Certificate, Death Certificate Application to mail.

Escambia County vital records can be found at the Florida Office of Vital Records which has copies of Birth & Deaths reported 1917 to present and Divorce & Marriages since June 6, 1927. There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Florida for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Escambia County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also Order Electronically Online or can download an application for Florida Birth Certificate, Marriage Certificate, Divorce Certificate, Death Certificate Application to mail.

Escambia County consists of Federal Census Schedules to guide in looking into your family tree. Federal Population Schedules can be found for 1830 (as Florida Territory), 1840 (as Florida Territory), 1850, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Escambia Co. Mortality Schedules can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Escambia Co. Industry and Agriculture can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Escambia Co. Union Veterans Schedules is available for 1890. The Slave Schedules exist for 1850 & 1860. One can find free online and printable census forms to help you with your research.

Escambia Co. Historical Events (published in 1944):

  • Had been the site of the earliest Spanish settlement in Florida-1559. This colony failed and was abandoned until 1695.
  • Diego Miruelo discovered Pensacola Bay in 1516. Pensacola founded by a body of Spaniards under Don Andres de Arriola in 1698.
  • It was ruled by Spain, France, England and the United States during the eighteenth century and the early years of the nineteenth until it finally passed to our own government, General Andrew Jackson being the first territorial Governor of Florida.
  • Pensacola was captured by Union forces early in the Civil War and was held by them until its end.
  • Interesting old forts, dating back to early Spanish and Civil War days, still exist.

Escambia County Societies and Family History Resources

A list of Escambia County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Forums, Message Boards, Libraries, Archives.

Escambia County Courthouse and Government Records


Escambia County Courthouse

Researchers often fail to notice the importance of Escambia County court, probate, and land documents as a source of family history and genealogy information and facts. Hidden away in Florida courthouses and archives everywhere tend to be the desires and worries of the many Florida residents.


Old Escambia County Courthouse

The chances are great that your chosen ancestors have left a detailed record of at least a number of factors of their lives in the Escambia County court records. Even if your forefathers is not referred to in a Court case, take into consideration all of the other methods which could have lead to her or him to appear in court records.

The following indicates what vital, land, probate, and court records are in Escambia county. The date listed for each category of record is usually the earliest registration filed. The earliest date does not indicate that there are numerous records for that year and does not mean that all such events were actually registered.

Make sure you call the clerk's department to confirm hours, mailing address, fees and other details before visiting or inquiring about information because of in some cases changing contact details. The Department Offices DO NOT DO RESEARCH. The records are available to interested parties, barring confidential issues. A lot of employees will assist individuals in obtaining the materials, but it is up to the person to undertake the researching.
  • Escambia County Courthouse (all departments listed below are located here, unless otherwise noted)
    • Address: P.O. Box 333, Pensacola, FL 32591-0333 or 190 Governmental Ctr., Rm. 23001
  • Escambia County Clerk of the Circuit Court / County Clerk is custodian of all records of all predecessor courts, whether justice of the peace, city, county, probate, civil, or criminal.
    • Phone: (850) 595-4310
    • Marriage Records: 1821
    • Land Records: 1821
    • Probate Records: 1821 
    • Court Records: 1821
  • Escambia County Tax Collector collects all real estate taxes including postponed and delinquent, all county revenues in addition to the research and issue tax deed applications. Our department is the holder of tax records and assessed values.
  • Escambia County Health Department has copies of Birth & Death certificates. Also has computer access from 1917 to present for birth records for the entire state as well as births that occurred in this county.

Escambia County Links

The following are links to Family history and genealogy, Records and Resources relevant to Escambia County. A lot of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Business oriented Sites, Private Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some require a fee. This is just a directory which has been collected or submitted. I do not endorse or promote one genealogy site over another. Feel free to submit your own preferred Escambia County genealogy or family history affiliated sites.

Escambia Co. FL Books, Newspapers & Publications

Escambia Co. FL Birth, Marriage & Death Records

Escambia Co. FL Court, Probate Land and Tax Records

Escambia Co. FL Census Records

Escambia Co. FL Cemeteries & Graveyards

Escambia Co. FL Church & Bible Records

Escambia Co. FL Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Escambia Co. FL General and History Websites

Escambia Co. FL Immigration & Naturalization

Escambia Co. FL Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Escambia Co. FL Military Records

Escambia Co. FL Schools & Directories

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