Columbia County, Florida
Genealogy and Facts

Columbia County

Columbia County was created on February 4, 1832 from Alachua County. This county was named for Christopher Columbus (c. 1451–1506), explorer of the Americas.

The Columbia County Seat is located in Lake City also, the county government website is www.columbiacountyfla.com/.

Areas bordering to Columbia County are Clinch County, Georgia (north), Union County (east), Baker County (east), Alachua County (southeast), Gilchrist County (southwest), Hamilton County (west), Suwannee County (west), Echols County, Georgia (northwest).

Incorporated Cities and Towns located in Columbia County include Lake City, Fort White..

Columbia County vital records can be found at the Florida Office of Vital Records which has copies of Birth & Deaths reported 1917 to present and Divorce & Marriages since June 6, 1927. There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Florida for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Columbia County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also Order Electronically Online or can download an application for Florida Birth Certificate, Marriage Certificate, Divorce Certificate, Death Certificate Application to mail.

Columbia County vital records can be found at the Florida Office of Vital Records which has copies of Birth & Deaths reported 1917 to present and Divorce & Marriages since June 6, 1927. There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Florida for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Columbia County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also Order Electronically Online or can download an application for Florida Birth Certificate, Marriage Certificate, Divorce Certificate, Death Certificate Application to mail.

Columbia County consists of Federal Census Schedules to guide in looking into your family tree. Federal Population Schedules can be found for 1840 (as Florida Territory), 1850, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Columbia Co. Mortality Schedules can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Columbia Co. Industry and Agriculture can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Columbia Co. Union Veterans Schedules is available for 1890. The Slave Schedules exist for 1850 & 1860. One can find free online and printable census forms to help you with your research.

Columbia Co. Historical Events (published in 1944):

  • This country was thickly settled by Seminoles, who had replaced or absorbed the earlier Indian tribes.
  • The Spanish Road from St. Augustine to St. Marks passed through here.
  • After the war many settlers came in and established a prosperous agricultural civilization.
  • Lake City incorporated January 15, 1859.
  • General Charles P. Summerall born at Lake City, March 4, 1867.

Columbia County Societies and Family History Resources

A list of Columbia County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Forums, Message Boards, Libraries, Archives.

Columbia County Courthouse and Government Records


Columbia County Courthouse

Researchers often fail to notice the importance of Columbia County court, probate, and land documents as a source of family history and genealogy information and facts. Hidden away in Florida courthouses and archives everywhere tend to be the desires and worries of the many Florida residents.

The chances are great that your chosen ancestors have left a detailed record of at least a number of factors of their lives in the Columbia County court records. Even if your forefathers is not referred to in a Court case, take into consideration all of the other methods which could have lead to her or him to appear in court records.

The below facts shows what death, marriage, birth, land, wills, and legal records are usually in Columbia County. The dates stated listed below are considered the first noted records in this county. Numerous prior courthouses, most if not all constructed from logs, fell victim to arsonists in 1848, 1860, 1867, and 1874. Most early records were destroyed.

Make sure you call the clerk's department to confirm hours, mailing address, fees and other details before visiting or inquiring about information because of in some cases changing contact details. The Department Offices DO NOT DO RESEARCH. The records are available to interested parties, barring confidential issues. A lot of employees will assist individuals in obtaining the materials, but it is up to the person to undertake the researching.
  • Columbia County Courthouse (all departments listed below are located here, unless otherwise noted)
    • Address: P.O. Box 2069, Lake City, FL 32056 or 173 N.E. Hernando Ave., Lake City, FL 32055
  • Columbia County Clerk of the Circuit Court / County Clerk is custodian of all records of all predecessor courts, whether justice of the peace, city, county, probate, civil, or criminal.
    • Phone: (386) 758-1041 or (386) 758-1191
    • Marriage Records: 1876
    • Land Records: 1871
    • Probate Records: 1868
    • Court Records: 1895
  • Columbia County Tax Collector collects all real estate taxes including postponed and delinquent, all county revenues in addition to the research and issue tax deed applications. Our department is the holder of tax records and assessed values.
  • Columbia County Health Department has copies of Birth & Death certificates. Also has computer access from 1917 to present for birth records for the entire state as well as births that occurred in this county.

Columbia County Links

The following are links to Family history and genealogy, Records and Resources relevant to Columbia County. A lot of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Business oriented Sites, Private Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some require a fee. This is just a directory which has been collected or submitted. I do not endorse or promote one genealogy site over another. Feel free to submit your own preferred Columbia County genealogy or family history affiliated sites.

Columbia Co. FL Books, Newspapers & Publications

Columbia Co. FL Birth, Marriage & Death Records

Columbia Co. FL Court, Probate Land and Tax Records

Columbia Co. FL Census Records

Columbia Co. FL Cemeteries & Graveyards

Columbia Co. FL Church & Bible Records

Columbia Co. FL Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Columbia Co. FL General and History Websites

Columbia Co. FL Immigration & Naturalization

Columbia Co. FL Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Columbia Co. FL Military Records

Columbia Co. FL Schools & Directories

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