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Columbia County, Florida
Genealogy, History & Facts

Columbia County, Florida Facts

Columbia County

When was Columbia County, FL Created?
Columbia County was created on February 4, 1832 from Alachua County. This county was named for Christopher Columbus (c. 1451–1506), explorer of the Americas.

What is the County Seat of Columbia County, FL?
The County Seat is located in Lake City also, the county government website is www.columbiacountyfla.com/.

What counties are adjacent to Columbias County, FL?
Bordering Counties are Clinch County, Georgia (north), Union County (east), Baker County (east), Alachua County (southeast), Gilchrist County (southwest), Hamilton County (west), Suwannee County (west), Echols County, Georgia (northwest).

What cities and towns are in Columbia County, FL?
Cities and towns located in the County include Lake City, Fort White..


Columbia County, FL Vital Records

Where can find Columbia County Birth, marriage, Divorce and Death Records?
Columbia County vital records can be found at the Florida Office of Vital Records which has copies of Birth & Deaths reported 1917 to present and Divorce & Marriages since June 6, 1927. There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Florida for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Columbia County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also Order Electronically Online or can download an application for Florida Birth Certificate, Marriage Certificate, Divorce Certificate, Death Certificate Applications to mail.

Vital Records can also be found in the


Columbia County, FL Vital Records

Where can find Columbia County Birth, marriage, Divorce and Death Records?
Columbia County vital records can be found at the Florida Office of Vital Records which has copies of Birth & Deaths reported 1917 to present and Divorce & Marriages since June 6, 1927. There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Florida for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Columbia County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also Order Electronically Online or can download an application for Florida Birth Certificate, Marriage Certificate, Divorce Certificate, Death Certificate Applications to mail.

Vital Records can also be found in the Columbia County Health Department has copies of Birth & Death certificates. Also has computer access from 1917 to present for birth records for the entire state as well as births that occurred in this county.


Columbia County, FL Census Records

What Columbia County, FL census records are available?
There are many types of census records for Columbia County guide you in researching your family tree. Federal Population Schedules are available for 1840 (as Florida Territory), 1850, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Columbia Co. Mortality Schedules can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Columbia Co. Industry and Agriculture can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Columbia Co. Union Veterans Schedules is available for 1890. The Slave Schedules exist for 1850 & 1860.

There are Florida State censuses from 1867, 1875, 1885, 1935, 1945. You can get free downloadable and also printable census forms to help you with your research. See Also Florida Census Records Research Guide


Columbia County, FL Courthouse and Government Records


Columbia County Courthouse

What genealogical records can I find in the Columbia County Courthouse?
The below facts shows exactly what death, marriage, birth, property, wills, and court records are typically in Columbia County. The years listed below are the first noted records with this county. See Also Florida Corthouse Records Research Guide.

  • Columbia County Courthouse (all departments listed below are located here, unless otherwise noted)
    • Address: P.O. Box 2069, Lake City, FL 32056 or 173 N.E. Hernando Ave., Lake City, FL 32055
  • Columbia County Clerk of the Circuit Court / County Clerk is custodian of all records of all predecessor courts, whether justice of the peace, city, county, probate, civil, or criminal.
    • Phone: (386) 758-1041 or (386) 758-1191
    • Marriage Records: 1876
    • Land Records: 1871
    • Probate Records: 1868
    • Court Records: 1895
  • Columbia County Tax Collector collects all real estate taxes including postponed and delinquent, all county revenues in addition to the research and issue tax deed applications. Our department is the holder of tax records and assessed values.
  • Florida Land Records
  • BLM Land Records

Columbia County, FL Societies and Family History Resources

What genealogical and historical societies, archives, museums, associations and libraries are available for Columbia County, FL?
A list of Columbia County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Libraries, Archives. See also list of Statewide Florida Archives, Historical & Genealogical Societies.

Where can I connect with other Columbia County, FL Researchers through message boards and forums?

What other genealogical resources are available in Columbia County, FL?
The following are web links to Genealogy, Records and Resources pertaining to Columbia County. A lot of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Business oriented Sites, Private Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some require a fee. This is just a directory which has been collected or submitted. I do not endorse or promote one genealogy site over another.

Columbia Co. FL Books, Newspapers & Publications

Columbia Co. FL Cemeteries & Church Records

Columbia Co. FL Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Columbia Co. FL General and History Websites

Columbia Co. FL Immigration & Naturalization

Columbia Co. FL Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Columbia Co. FL Military Records

Columbia Co. FL Schools & Directories

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