Clay County, Florida

Clay County

Clay County was created on December 31, 1858 from Duval County. This county was named for Henry Clay (1777–1852), Secretary of State from 1825 to 1829 under John Quincy Adams.

The Clay County Seat is located in Green Cove Springs also, the county government website is www.claycountygov.com/.

Areas bordering to Clay County are Duval County (north), St. Johns County (east), Putnam County (south), Bradford County (west), Baker County (northwest).

Incorporated Cities and Towns located in Clay County include Green Cove Springs, Keystone Heights Orange Park, Penney Farms.

Clay County vital records can be found at the Florida Office of Vital Records which has copies of Birth & Deaths reported 1917 to present and Divorce & Marriages since June 6, 1927. There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Florida for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Clay County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also Order Electronically Online or can download an application for Florida Birth Certificate, Marriage Certificate, Divorce Certificate, Death Certificate Application to mail.

Clay County vital records can be found at the Florida Office of Vital Records which has copies of Birth & Deaths reported 1917 to present and Divorce & Marriages since June 6, 1927. There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Florida for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Clay County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also Order Electronically Online or can download an application for Florida Birth Certificate, Marriage Certificate, Divorce Certificate, Death Certificate Application to mail.

Clay County consists of Federal Census Schedules to guide in looking into your family tree. Federal Population Schedules can be found for 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Clay Co. Mortality Schedules can be found for 1860, 1870 and 1880. Clay Co. Industry and Agriculture can be obtained for 1860, 1870 and 1880. Clay Co. Union Veterans Schedules is available for 1890. The Slave Schedules exist for 1860. One can find free online and printable census forms to help you with your research.

Clay Co. Historical Events (published in 1944):

  • It shared the early history of these counties, and during the reconstruction era, suffered considerable hardships.
  • Green Cove Springs is located at the county seat.
  • Fleming's Island settled in 1790.

Clay County Societies and Family History Resources

A list of Clay County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Forums, Message Boards, Libraries, Archives.

Clay County Courthouse and Government Records


Clay County Courthouse

Researchers often fail to notice the importance of Clay County court, probate, and land documents as a source of family history and genealogy information and facts. Hidden away in Florida courthouses and archives everywhere tend to be the desires and worries of the many Florida residents.


Old Clay County Courthouse

The chances are great that your chosen ancestors have left a detailed record of at least a number of factors of their lives in the Clay County court records. Even if your forefathers is not referred to in a Court case, take into consideration all of the other methods which could have lead to her or him to appear in court records.

The below facts shows what death, marriage, birth, land, wills, and legal records are usually in Clay County. The dates stated listed below are considered the first noted records in this county. Court was held in McRae House which burned in 1872 and with it most of the county's judicial records.

Make sure you call the clerk's department to confirm hours, mailing address, fees and other details before visiting or inquiring about information because of in some cases changing contact details. The Department Offices DO NOT DO RESEARCH. The records are available to interested parties, barring confidential issues. A lot of employees will assist individuals in obtaining the materials, but it is up to the person to undertake the researching.
  • Clay County Courthouse (all departments listed below are located here, unless otherwise noted)
    • Address: P.O. Box 698, Green Cove Springs, FL 32043 or 825 North Orange Ave., Green Cove Springs, FL 32043
  • Clay County Clerk of the Circuit Court / County Clerk is custodian of all records of all predecessor courts, whether justice of the peace, city, county, probate, civil, or criminal.
    • Phone: (904) 284-6317 
    • Marriage Records: 1872
    • Land Records: 1871
    • Probate Records: 1859 
    • Court Records: 1859
  • Clay County Tax Collector collects all real estate taxes including postponed and delinquent, all county revenues in addition to the research and issue tax deed applications. Our department is the holder of tax records and assessed values.
  • Clay County Health Department has copies of Birth & Death certificates. Also has computer access from 1917 to present for birth records for the entire state as well as births that occurred in this county.

Clay County Links

The following are links to Family history and genealogy, Records and Resources relevant to Clay County. A lot of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Business oriented Sites, Private Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some require a fee. This is just a directory which has been collected or submitted. I do not endorse or promote one genealogy site over another. Feel free to submit your own preferred Clay County genealogy or family history affiliated sites.

Clay Co. FL Books, Newspapers & Publications

Clay Co. FL Birth, Marriage & Death Records

Clay Co. FL Court, Probate Land and Tax Records

Clay Co. FL Census Records

Clay Co. FL Cemeteries & Graveyards

Clay Co. FL Church & Bible Records

Clay Co. FL Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Clay Co. FL General and History Websites

Clay Co. FL Immigration & Naturalization

Clay Co. FL Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Clay Co. FL Military Records

Clay Co. FL Schools & Directories

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