Mobile County, Alabama
Genealogy and Facts

Mobile County was created on Dec. 18, 1812 from Mobile District of West Florida after annexation into Mississippi Territory. This particular county was named for Fort Louis de la Mobile, a French fortification erected near Mount Vernon in 1702. The word Mobile is believed to come from a Choctaw Indian word for "paddlers.".

Currently the Mobile County Seat is located in Mobile and in addition the county government website is http://www.mobilecountyal.gov/

Locations adjacent Mobile County happen to be Washington County (north), Baldwin County (east), Jackson County, Mississippi (southwest), George County, Mississippi (west), Greene County, Mississippi (northwest).

Cities and towns found in Mobile County consist of Bayou La Batre, Chickasaw, Citronelle, Creola, Mobile, Prichard, Saraland, Satsuma, Semmes, Dauphin Island, Mount Vernon.

Mobile County vital records can be found at the Alabama Department of Public Health which has Birth And Death Records from 1908, Marriages from 1936 and Divorce Records from 1950. There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Alabama for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Mobile County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also order Order Electronically Online or you can download an application for Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Certificates to mail. You may go to any county health department in the State of Alabama to obtain a certificates can be issued while you wait.

Mobile County includes Federal Census Schedules to assist in looking into your family tree. Government Population Schedules can be found for 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Mobile Co. Slave Schedules can be obtained for 1850 & 1860. Mobile Co. Mortality Schedules can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Mobile Co. Industry and Agriculture Schedules can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Mobile Co. Union Veterans Schedules can be obtained for 1890. Two State censuses for confederate veterans exist for 1907 and 1921. You can find free down-loadable and also printable census forms that can help with your research.

The area was occupied by the French from 1702-63, by the British from 1763-80, and by the Spanish from 1780-1813.

Mobile County Societies and Family History Resources

A list of Mobile County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Forums, Message Boards, Libraries, Archives. See Also Alabama Archives, Genealogical and Historical Societies for statewide Addresses and links.

Mobile County Courthouse and Government Records


Mobile County Courthouse

Genealogist often overlook the significance of Mobile County court, probate, and land documents as a source of genealogy and family history details.

Buried away in Alabama courthouses and archives just about everywhere are often the hopes and dreams and frustrations of countless Alabama people.

The odds are excellent that your ancestors and forefathers have left a in-depth record of at least several aspects of their lives in the Mobile County court records.

Even if your forebears is not discussed in a Court case, take into consideration all of the other methods which could have lead to him or her appearing in court records.

There was record loss due to a Courthouse fires that occurred in 1823, 1840, and 1872. The below facts shows exactly what birth, marriage, death, land, probate, and legal records will be in Mobile County. The years pointed out below could be the first widely known documents in this county.

Please call the clerk's department to confirm hours, mailing address, fees and other specifics before visiting or requesting information because of sometimes changing contact information.  The Clerk's Office DOES NOT DO RESEARCH.  The documents are available to interested parties, barring confidential issues.  Most staff will assist people in finding the materials, but it is up to the individual to do the research.
  • Mobile County Clerk of Circuit Court serves as custodian of all county court records, and is responsible for providing access to those court records by court personnel, the legal community and the public.
    • Address: P.O. Box 7, Mobile, AL 36601
    • Phone: (334) 690-8502
    • Court Records: 1814
    • Divorce Records: are maintained among the equity records (Divorces issued prior to 1950 are located here. Divorces issued after 1950 can be found  at the Alabama Department of Public Health)
  • Mobile County Clerk of Probate Court maintains following records in the probate office: Plats, Maps, Judgments, Liens, Deeds, Mortgages, Corporations, Lis pendens, Marriage licenses, Military discharges. The Probate Judge presides over all probate court hearings for Probate of Wills, Administrations, Conservators, Guardianships, Adoptions, Legitimations, Name changes, Condemnations, Mental Commitment hearings, and performs marriage ceremonies.
    • Address: 251 N Bayou, P O Box 2867, Mobile, AL 36652, Phone
    • Phone: (334) 690-8150
    • Marriage Records: 1814 (Marriages issued prior to 1936)
    • Probate Records: 1814
    • Land Records: 1812
  • Mobile County Revenue Commissioner's Office maintains County tax records. These records are usually arranged by legal description and are not indexed.
    • Address: ?
    • Phone: ?
  • Mobile County Health Department has Birth Records from 1820 , Death records from N/A. 

Mobile County Genealogy Links

The following are web links to Genealogy and family history, Records and Resources relevant to Mobile County. Each of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Commercial Sites, Personal Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some have to have a cost. This is basically a directory that has been gathered or submitted. I do not recommend or promote one genealogy site over another. Feel free to present your own favorite Mobile County genealogy or family history related sites.

Mobile Co. AL Books, Newspapers & Publications

Mobile Co. AL Birth, Marriage & Death Records

Mobile Co. AL Court, Probate Land and Tax Records

Mobile Co. AL Census Records

Mobile Co. AL Cemeteries & Graveyards

Mobile Co. AL Church & Bible Records

Mobile Co. AL Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Mobile Co. AL General and History Websites

Mobile Co. AL Immigration & Naturalization

Mobile Co. AL Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Mobile Co. AL Military Records

Mobile Co. AL Schools & Directories

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