Jackson County, Alabama
Genealogy and Facts

Jackson County was created on Dec. 13, 1819, from land acquired from the Cherokee Cession of 1819. This particular county was named in honor of Andrew Jackson (1767–1845), 7th U.S. President.

The act establishing Jackson County designated Sauta Cave as a temporary seat of justice. Bellefonte was the county seat from 1821 until 1859, at which time it was transferred to Scottsboro, which was named for Robert T. Scott, an early settler from North Carolina. In addition the county government website is http://www.jacksoncountyal.com/

Locations adjacent Jackson County happen to be Marion County, Tennessee (northeast), Dade County, Georgia (east), DeKalb County (southeast), Marshall County (southwest), Madison County (west), Franklin County, Tennessee (northwest).

Cities and towns found in Jackson County consist of Bridgeport, Bryant, Dutton, Flat Rock, Higdon, Hollywood, Hytop, Langston, Paint Rock, Pisgah, Pleasant Groves, Scottsboro, Section, Skyline, Stevenson, Woodville.

Jackson County vital records can be found at the Alabama Department of Public Health which has Birth And Death Records from 1908, Marriages from 1936 and Divorce Records from 1950. There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Alabama for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Jackson County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also order Order Electronically Online or you can download an application for Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Certificates to mail. You may go to any county health department in the State of Alabama to obtain a certificates can be issued while you wait.

Jackson County includes Federal Census Schedules to assist in looking into your family tree. Government Population Schedules can be found for 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Jackson Co. Slave Schedules can be obtained for 1850 & 1860. Jackson Co. Mortality Schedules can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Jackson Co. Industry and Agriculture Schedules can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Jackson Co. Union Veterans Schedules can be obtained for 1890. Two State censuses for confederate veterans exist for 1907 and 1921. You can find free down-loadable and also printable census forms that can help with your research.

Jackson County Societies and Family History Resources

A list of Jackson County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Forums, Message Boards, Libraries, Archives. See Also Alabama Archives, Genealogical and Historical Societies for statewide Addresses and links.

Jackson County Courthouse and Government Records


Jackson County Courthouse

Genealogist often overlook the significance of Jackson County court, probate, and land documents as a source of genealogy and family history details.

Buried away in Alabama courthouses and archives just about everywhere are often the hopes and dreams and frustrations of countless Alabama people.

The odds are excellent that your ancestors and forefathers have left a in-depth record of at least several aspects of their lives in the Jackson County court records.

Even if your forebears is not discussed in a Court case, take into consideration all of the other methods which could have lead to him or her appearing in court records.

There was record loss due to a courthouse fire in 1860 and 1920. The below facts shows exactly what birth, marriage, death, land, probate, and legal records will be in Jackson County. The years pointed out below could be the first widely known documents in this county.

Please call the clerk's department to confirm hours, mailing address, fees and other specifics before visiting or requesting information because of sometimes changing contact information.  The Clerk's Office DOES NOT DO RESEARCH.  The documents are available to interested parties, barring confidential issues.  Most staff will assist people in finding the materials, but it is up to the individual to do the research.
  • Jackson County Clerk of Circuit Court serves as custodian of all county court records, and is responsible for providing access to those court records by court personnel, the legal community and the public.
    • Address: P.O. Box 397, Scottsboro, AL 35768
    • Phone: (256) 574-9320
    • Court Records: ?
    • Divorce Records: are maintained among the equity records (Divorces issued prior to 1950 are located here. Divorces issued after 1950 can be found  at the Alabama Department of Public Health)
  • Jackson County Clerk of Probate Court maintains following records in the probate office: Plats, Maps, Judgments, Liens, Deeds, Mortgages, Corporations, Lis pendens, Marriage licenses, Military discharges. The Probate Judge presides over all probate court hearings for Probate of Wills, Administrations, Conservators, Guardianships, Adoptions, Legitimations, Name changes, Condemnations, Mental Commitment hearings, and performs marriage ceremonies.
    • Address: Jackson County Courthouse, Scottsboro, AL 35768
    • Phone: (256) 574-9290
    • Marriage Records: 1851 (Marriages issued prior to 1936)
    • Probate Records: 1866
    • Land Records: 1819
  • Jackson Revenue Commissioner's Office maintains County tax records. These records are usually arranged by legal description and are not indexed.
    • Address: ?
    • Phone: ?
  • Jackson County Health Department has Birth Records from N/A, Death records from N/A. 

Jackson County Genealogy Links

The following are web links to Genealogy and family history, Records and Resources relevant to Jackson County. Each of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Commercial Sites, Personal Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some have to have a cost. This is basically a directory that has been gathered or submitted. I do not recommend or promote one genealogy site over another. Feel free to present your own favorite Jackson County genealogy or family history related sites.

Jackson Co. AL Books, Newspapers & Publications

Jackson Co. AL Birth, Marriage & Death Records

Jackson Co. AL Court, Probate Land and Tax Records

Jackson Co. AL Census Records

Jackson Co. AL Cemeteries & Graveyards

Jackson Co. AL Church & Bible Records

Jackson Co. AL Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Jackson Co. AL General and History Websites

Jackson Co. AL Immigration & Naturalization

Jackson Co. AL Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Jackson Co. AL Military Records

Jackson Co. AL Schools & Directories

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