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Escambia County, Alabama

Escambia County was created on Dec. 10 1868, from parts of Baldwin County and Connech County. This particular county was named for the word "Escambia" is believed to come from the Choctaw Indian language, meaning "cane-brake" or "reed-brake." .

The county seat was originally located at Pollard; in 1880 it was transferred to Brewton, which was named in honor of William Troupe Brewton, a great-nephew of the first settler of the area. In addition the county government website is

Locations adjacent Escambia County happen to be Conecuh County (north), Covington County (east), Okaloosa County, Florida (southeast), Santa Rosa County, Florida (south), Escambia County, Florida (southwest), Baldwin County (west), Monroe County (northwest).

Cities and towns found in Escambia County consist of Atmore, Brewton, East Brewton, Flomaton, Foshee, Pollard, Riverview.

Escambia County vital records can be found at the Alabama Department of Public Health which has Birth And Death Records from 1908, Marriages from 1936 and Divorce Records from 1950. There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Alabama for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Escambia County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also order Order Electronically Online or you can download an application for Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Certificates to mail. You may go to any county health department in the State of Alabama to obtain a certificates can be issued while you wait.

Escambia County includes Federal Census Schedules to assist in looking into your family tree. Government Population Schedules can be found for 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Escambia Co. Mortality Schedules can be found for 1870 and 1880. Escambia Co. Industry and Agriculture Schedules can be obtained for 1870 and 1880. Escambia Co. Union Veterans Schedules can be obtained for 1890. Two State censuses for confederate veterans exist for 1907 and 1921. You can find free down-loadable and also printable census forms that can help with your research.

Escambia County Societies and Family History Resources

A list of Escambia County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Forums, Message Boards, Libraries, Archives. See Also Alabama Archives, Genealogical and Historical Societies for statewide Addresses and links.

Escambia County Courthouse and Government Records

Escambia County Courthouse

Genealogist often overlook the significance of Escambia County court, probate, and land documents as a source of genealogy and family history details.

Buried away in Alabama courthouses and archives just about everywhere are often the hopes and dreams and frustrations of countless Alabama people.

Old Escambia County Courthouse

The odds are excellent that your ancestors and forefathers have left a in-depth record of at least several aspects of their lives in the Escambia County court records.

Even if your forebears is not discussed in a Court case, take into consideration all of the other methods which could have lead to him or her appearing in court records.

There was record loss due to a courthouse fire in 1868. The below facts shows exactly what birth, marriage, death, land, probate, and legal records will be in Escambia County. The years pointed out below could be the first widely known documents in this county.

Please call the clerk's department to confirm hours, mailing address, fees and other specifics before visiting or requesting information because of sometimes changing contact information.  The Clerk's Office DOES NOT DO RESEARCH.  The documents are available to interested parties, barring confidential issues.  Most staff will assist people in finding the materials, but it is up to the individual to do the research.
  • Escambia County Clerk of Circuit Court serves as custodian of all county court records, and is responsible for providing access to those court records by court personnel, the legal community and the public.
    • Address: P.O. Box 557, Brewton, AL 36427-0848, Telephone:
    • Phone: (334) 867-0204
    • Court Records: 1882
    • Divorce Records: are maintained among the equity records (Divorces issued prior to 1950 are located here. Divorces issued after 1950 can be found  at the Alabama Department of Public Health)
  • Escambia County Clerk of Probate Court maintains following records in the probate office: Plats, Maps, Judgments, Liens, Deeds, Mortgages, Corporations, Lis pendens, Marriage licenses, Military discharges. The Probate Judge presides over all probate court hearings for Probate of Wills, Administrations, Conservators, Guardianships, Adoptions, Legitimations, Name changes, Condemnations, Mental Commitment hearings, and performs marriage ceremonies.
    • Address: P.O. Box 848, Brewton, AL 36427-0848
    • Phone: (334) 867-3252
    • Marriage Records: 1879 (Marriages issued prior to 1936)
    • Probate Records: 1868
    • Land Records: 1868
  • Escambia Tax Assessor's Office maintains County tax records. These records are usually arranged by legal description and are not indexed.
    • Address: Post Office Box 556, Brewton, AL 36427
    • Phone: Atmore: (251)368-8078; Brewton: (251)867-0303
  • Escambia County Health Department has Birth Records from 1909 , Death records from 1909 . 

Escambia County Genealogy Links

The following are web links to Genealogy and family history, Records and Resources relevant to Escambia County. Each of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Commercial Sites, Personal Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some have to have a cost. This is basically a directory that has been gathered or submitted. I do not recommend or promote one genealogy site over another. Feel free to present your own favorite Escambia County genealogy or family history related sites.

Escambia Co. AL Books, Newspapers & Publications

Escambia Co. AL Birth, Marriage & Death Records

Escambia Co. AL Court, Probate Land and Tax Records

Escambia Co. AL Census Records

Escambia Co. AL Cemeteries & Graveyards

Escambia Co. AL Church & Bible Records

Escambia Co. AL Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Escambia Co. AL General and History Websites

Escambia Co. AL Immigration & Naturalization

Escambia Co. AL Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Escambia Co. AL Military Records

Escambia Co. AL Schools & Directories

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