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Monroe County, Wisconsin
Genealogy, History & Facts

Monroe County, Wisconsin Facts

Monroe County

When was Monroe County, WI Created?
Monroe County was created on March 21, 1854 from La Crosse County. The county was named in honor of James Monroe (1758-1831), President of the United States 1817-1825 .

What is the County Seat of Monroe County, WI?
The County Seat is located in Sparta and the county government website is

What counties are adjacent to Monroe County, WI?
Bordering Counties are Jackson County (north), Juneau County (east), Vernon County (south), La Crosse County (west).

What cities and towns are in Monroe County, WI?
Cities and towns located in the County include Cities which consist of Sparta, Tomah; Towns consist of Adrian, Angelo, Byron, Clifton, Glendale, Grant, Greenfield, Jefferson, La Grange, Lafayette, Leon, Lincoln, Little Falls, New Lyme, Oakdale, Portland, Ridgeville, Scott, Sheldon, Sparta, Tomah, Wellington, Wells, Wilton; Villages consist of Cashton, Kendall, Melvina, Norwalk, Oakdale, Warrens, Wilton, Wyeville.

Monroe County, WI Vital Records

Where can find Monroe County Birth, marriage, Divorce and Death Records?
Monroe County vital records can be found at the Wisconsin Office of Vital Records has copies of Birth, Marriage, Divorce & Death Records reported since 1907. There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Wisconsin for current fees and application process..

You can search online for Monroe County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also Order Electronically Online or can download an application for Wisconsin Birth Certificate, Marriage Certificate, Divorce Certificate, Death Certificate Application to mail.

Monroe County, WI Census Records

What Monroe County, WI census records are available?
There are many types of census records for Monroe County guide you in researching your family tree. Federal Population Schedules are available for 1860, 1870, 1880, 1890 (fragment, see below), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930 and 1940.

Monroe Co. Mortality Schedules can be obtained for 1860, 1870 and 1880. Monroe Co. Industry and Agriculture can be found for 1860, 1870 and 1880. Monroe Co. Union Veterans Schedules is available for 1890. One can find free down-loadable and also printable census forms to help you with your research.

There are Wisconsin State censuses from 1895 and 1905. Also the Wisconsin Compiled Census and Census Substitutes Index for 1820-1890. You can find free down-loadable and also printable census forms to help you with your research. See Also Wisconsin Census Records Research Guide

Monroe County, WI Courthouse and Government Records

Monroe County Courthouse

What genealogical records can I find in the Monroe County Courthouse?
The below facts shows exactly what death, marriage, birth, property, wills, and court records are typically in Monroe County.The date listed for each category of record is usually the earliest registration filed. The earliest date does not indicate that there are numerous records for that year and does not mean that all such events were actually registered.

It has been estimated that less than 50 percent of the vital records, for example, were prepared and submitted for permanent filing prior to 1907. Land deeds, probate, and court records generally begin in Wisconsin with the organization of the county. Prior to that date, check the County or Counties it was created from. Some counties formed from other counties transcribed their portion of property deeds to be kept with the new county deed records. See Also Wisconsin Corthouse Records Research Guide.

  • Monroe County Courthouse (all departments listed below are located here, unless otherwise noted)
    • Address: 112 South Court Street, Sparta, WI 54656-2187; Phone: 608.269.8705
  • Monroe County Register of Deeds purpose is to provide official record keeping for Records or files land record documents authorized by law, such as deeds, mortgages, satisfactions, certified survey maps, plats and Federal Tax liens. Files and indexes Birth, Death and Marriage records, Military Discharges, and issues certified copies upon request.
    • Phone: 608-269-8716
    • Birth Records: 1854
    • Marriage Records: 1854
    • Death Records: 1867
    • Land Records: 1851
  • Monroe County Register in Probate Office has the responsibility to maintain and update files regarding probate of estates, guardianships, protective placements, adoptions and mental commitments. This is a statutory office with the position of Register in Probate filled by judicial appointment.
    • Phone: 608-269-8701
    • Probate Records: 1855 
  • Monroe County Clerk of Court Office is required to maintain a record of all documents filed with the courts, keep a record of all court proceedings, and collect various fines and forfeitures ordered by the court and specified by statute.
    • Phone: (608) 269-8745
    • Court Records: 1854
  • Public Records of the Consolidated Court Automation Programs provides access to certain public records of the circuit courts of Wisconsin
  • Wisconsin, Probate Estate Files, 1848-1935
  • U.S., Indexed Early Land Ownership and Township Plats, 1785-1898
  • BLM Land Records

Monroe County, WI Societies and Family History Resources

What genealogical and historical societies, archives, museums, associations and libraries are available for Monroe County, WI?
A list of Monroe County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Libraries, Archives. See also list of Statewide Wisconsin Archives, Historical & Genealogical Societies.

Where can I connect with other Monroe County, WI Researchers through message boards and forums?

What other genealogical resources are available in Monroe County, WI?
The following are web links to Genealogy, Records and Resources pertaining to Monroe County. Many of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Business oriented Sites, Personal Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some have to have a cost. This is just a listing which has been collected or submitted. I do not endorse or promote one genealogy site above another.

Monroe Co. WI Books, Newspapers & Publications

Monroe Co. WI Church & Cemeteries

Monroe Co. WI Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Monroe Co. WI General and History Websites

Monroe Co. WI Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Monroe Co. WI Military Records

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