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James City County, Virginia

James City County was founded on 1617 as one of the original eight shires (Part of New Kent County was added later. Part of York County was added in 1852) . This county was named for King James I of England.

The James City County Seat is located in Williamsburg also, the county government website is .

Areas bordering to James City County are  New Kent County (northwest), King and Queen County (northeast), Gloucester County (northeast), York County (east), Surry County (south), Charles City County (west) .

Cities and towns located in James City County include Croaker, Diascund, Five Forks, Grove, Indigo Park, Jamestown, Kingspoint, Kingsmill, Lightfoot, Norge and Toano .

James City County vital records can be found at the Virginia Department of Health (VDH) Office of Vital Records which has Birth and Death Records since June 14, 1912 and copies of Marriage and Divorce Records since 1918 to present. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Virginia for current fees and application process.

You can search online for James City County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also order Order Electronically Online or you can download an application for copies of James City Co. Virginia Birth, Marriage, Divorce, Death Certificate Applications to mail.

James City County consists of Federal Census Schedules to guide in looking into your family tree. Federal Population Schedules can be found for 1790 (destroyed), 1800 (destroyed), 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

James City Co. Mortality Schedules can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. James City Co. Industry and Agriculture can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. James City Co. Union Veterans Schedules is available for 1890. The Slave Schedules exist for 1850 & 1860. One can find free online and printable census forms to help you with your research.

James City County Societies and Family History Resources

A list of James City County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Forums, Message Boards, Libraries, Archives.

James City County Courthouse and Government Records

JamesCity County Courthouse

Genealogist frequently forget the value of James City County court, probate, and land documents as a resource of genealogy and family history information. Hidden away in Virginia courthouses and archives everywhere are often the aspirations and worries of countless Virginia residents.

The possibilities are great that your ancestors and forefathers have left a detailed record of at least a few elements of their lives in the James City County court records. Even if your forebears is not mentioned in a Court case, give some thought to all of the other methods that could have lead to him or her appearing in court records.

The current courthouse was built in 1999.

The original, as seen in Colonial Williamsburg, was built in 1770. It is Early Georgian with a cupola and pedimented façade, shutters. The interior has been reconstructed to look as the original.

James City County was one of the original shires. It straddled the James River until 1646. The court was in Jamestown and did not move to Williamsburg until 1715. The courthouse house serves both James City County and Williamsburg.

During the Peninsula campaign of the Civil War Union troops occupied Williamsburg from 1682. Like Hanover and other counties the records were sent to Richmond for safe keeping. They were destroyed in the fire of 1865.

The following indicates what vital, land, probate, and court records are in James City county.  The dates indicated below are the first known records for each county. All county court records were lost in 1865, Tax Records (1768-69) were saved.

Please make sure to get in touch with the clerk's department to determine hours, mailing address, fees and other particulars in advance of visiting or requesting information because of many times changing contact information. The Department Offices DO NOT DO RESEARCH. The files are readily available to interested parties, barring confidential issues. The majority of staff will guide individuals in obtaining the materials, however it's up to the individual to perform the research.
  • James City County Clerk of Circuit Court serves as custodian of all county court records, and is responsible for providing access to those court records by court personnel, the legal community and the public.
    • Address: 5201 Monticello Avenue, Suite Six, Williamsburg, VA 23188-8218
    • Phone: (757) 564-2242
    • Marriage Records: 1865 
    • Land Records: 1854
    • Court Records: 1865
    • Probate Records: 1865
  • James City County (VA) Treasurer
  • James City County Real Estate Assessments
  • Williamsburg/James City County Office, WIC Clinic, Vital Records, 1126 Professional Drive , Williamsburg, VA 23185; (757) 253-4813
  • County and City Research in Virginia Guides and Indexes ( County and city records document the daily activities of the courts in Virginia's counties, independent cities, and towns. The Library of Virginia houses both original and microfilm records for many of Virginia's counties and independent cities. The guides list will help researchers navigate the complex variety of county and city records in the Library's collections. It includes County and City Records at the Library of Virginia, Using County and City Court Records, Chancery Cases, Judgments, Lost Records Localities database and Burned Jurisdiction database.

James City County Links

The following are web links to Family history and genealogy, Records and Resources related to James City County. A lot of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Commercial Sites, Personal Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some call for a fee. This is just a listing which has been compiled or submitted. I do not endorse or promote one genealogy site above another. Feel free to provide your own favorite James City County genealogy or family history affiliated sites.

James City Co. VA Books, Newspapers & Publications

James City Co. VA Birth, Marriage & Death Records

James City Co. VA Court, Probate Land and Tax Records

James City Co. VA Census Records

James City Co. VA Cemeteries & Graveyards

James City Co. VA Church & Bible Records

James City Co. VA Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

James City Co. VA General and History Websites

James City Co. VA Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

James City Co. VA Military Records

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