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James City County, Virginia
Genealogy, History & Facts

James City County, Virginia Facts

When was James City County, VA Created?
James City County was established on 1617 as one of the original eight shires (Part of New Kent County was added later. Part of York County was added in 1852) . This county was named for King James I of England.

What is the County Seat of James City County, VA?
The County Seat is located in Williamsburg also, the county government website is .

What counties are adjacent to James City County, VA?
Bordering Counties are  New Kent County (northwest), King and Queen County (northeast), Gloucester County (northeast), York County (east), Surry County (south), Charles City County (west) .

What cities and towns are in James City County, VA?
Cities and towns located in James City County include Croaker, Diascund, Five Forks, Grove, Indigo Park, Jamestown, Kingspoint, Kingsmill, Lightfoot, Norge and Toano .

James City County, VA Vital Records

Where can find James City County Birth, marriage, Divorce and Death Records?
James City County vital records can be found at the Virginia Department of Health (VDH) Office of Vital Records which has Birth and Death Records since June 14, 1912 and copies of Marriage and Divorce Records since 1918 to present. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Virginia for current fees and application process.

You can search online for James City County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also order Order Electronically Online or you can download an application for copies of James City Co. Virginia Birth, Marriage, Divorce, Death Certificate Applications to mail.

The Archives Division has copies of surviving birth and death records for the period 1853 to 1896 and marriage records prior to 1936. Another resource is the Williamsburg/James City County Office, WIC Clinic, Vital Records, 1126 Professional Drive , Williamsburg, VA 23185; (757) 253-4813

James City County, VA Census Records

What James City County, VA census records are available?
There are many types of census records for James City County guide you in researching your family tree. Federal Population Schedules are available for 1790 (destroyed), 1800 (destroyed), 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

James City Co. Mortality Schedules can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. James City Co. Industry and Agriculture can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. James City Co. Union Veterans Schedules is available for 1890. The Slave Schedules exist for 1850 & 1860. One can find free online and printable census forms to help you with your research. See Also Virginia Census Records Research Guide

James City County, VA Courthouse and Government Records

JamesCity County Courthouse

What genealogical records can I find in the JamesCity County Courthouse?
The below facts shows exactly what death, marriage, birth, property, wills, and court records are typically in JamesCity County. The years listed below are the first noted records with this county. See Also Virginia Corthouse Records Research Guide.

The current courthouse was built in 1999. The original, as seen in Colonial Williamsburg, was built in 1770. It is Early Georgian with a cupola and pedimented façade, shutters. The interior has been reconstructed to look as the original.

Old James City County Virginia Courthouse

James City County was one of the original shires. It straddled the James River until 1646. The court was in Jamestown and did not move to Williamsburg until 1715. The courthouse house serves both James City County and Williamsburg.

During the Peninsula campaign of the Civil War Union troops occupied Williamsburg from 1682. Like Hanover and other counties the records were sent to Richmond for safe keeping. They were destroyed in the fire of 1865.

  • James City County Clerk of Circuit Court serves as custodian of all county court records, and is responsible for providing access to those court records by court personnel, the legal community and the public.
    • Address: 5201 Monticello Avenue, Suite Six, Williamsburg, VA 23188-8218
    • Phone: (757) 564-2242
    • Marriage Records: 1865 
    • Land Records: 1854
    • Court Records: 1865
    • Probate Records: 1865
  • Virginia Land, Marriage, and Probate Records, 1639-1850
  • Using County and City Court Records in the Archives at the Library of Virginia
  • County and City Research in Virginia Guides and Indexes - County and city records document the daily activities of the courts in Virginia's counties, independent cities, and towns. The Library of Virginia houses both original and microfilm records for many of Virginia's counties and independent cities. The guides list will help researchers navigate the complex variety of county and city records in the Library's collections. It includes County and City Records at the Library of Virginia, Using County and City Court Records, Chancery Cases, Judgments, Lost Records Localities database and Burned Jurisdiction database.
  • Virginia County Records, Volume, VI, VII , IX, X - The records in these series were compiled as part of a series known as the Virginia County Records . The volume includes wills, land grants, and marriage bonds as well as other miscellaneous information on early Virginia settlers.
  • BLM Land Records

James City County, VA Societies and Family History Resources

What genealogical and historical societies, archives, museums, associations and libraries are available for James City County, VA?
A list of James City County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Libraries, Archives. See also list of Statewide Virginia Archives, Historical & Genealogical Societies.

Where can I connect with other James City County, VA Researchers through message boards and forums?

What other genealogical resources are available in James City County, VA?
The following are web links to Genealogy, Records and Resources pertaining to James City County. A lot of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Commercial Sites, Personal Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some call for a fee. This is just a listing which has been compiled or submitted. I do not endorse or promote one genealogy site above another.

James City Co. VA Books, Newspapers & Publications

James City Co. VA Church / Bible Records & Cemeteries / Graveyards

James City Co. VA Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

James City Co. VA General and History Websites

James City Co. VA Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

James City Co. VA Military Records

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