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James City County was founded on 1617 as one of the original eight shires (Part of New Kent County was added later. Part of York County was added in 1852) . This county was named for King James I of England.
Areas bordering to James City County are New Kent County (northwest), King and Queen County (northeast), Gloucester County (northeast), York County (east), Surry County (south), Charles City County (west) .
Cities and towns located in James City County include Croaker, Diascund, Five Forks, Grove, Indigo Park, Jamestown, Kingspoint, Kingsmill, Lightfoot, Norge and Toano .
James City County vital records can be found at the Virginia Department of Health (VDH) Office of Vital Records which has Birth and Death Records since June 14, 1912 and copies of Marriage and Divorce Records since 1918 to present. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Virginia for current fees and application process.
You can search online for James City County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also order Order Electronically Online or you can download an application for copies of James City Co. Virginia Birth, Marriage, Divorce, Death Certificate Applications to mail.
James City County consists of Federal Census Schedules to guide in looking into your family tree. Federal Population Schedules can be found for 1790 (destroyed), 1800 (destroyed), 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.
James City Co. Mortality Schedules can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. James City Co. Industry and Agriculture can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. James City Co. Union Veterans Schedules is available for 1890. The Slave Schedules exist for 1850 & 1860. One can find free online and printable census forms to help you with your research.
A list of James City County Historical and Genealogical Societies, Forums, Message Boards, Libraries, Archives.
Genealogist frequently forget the value of James City County court, probate, and land documents as a resource of genealogy and family history information. Hidden away in Virginia courthouses and archives everywhere are often the aspirations and worries of countless Virginia residents.
The possibilities are great that your ancestors and forefathers have left a detailed record of at least a few elements of their lives in the James City County court records. Even if your forebears is not mentioned in a Court case, give some thought to all of the other methods that could have lead to him or her appearing in court records.
The current courthouse was built in 1999.
The original, as seen in Colonial Williamsburg, was built in 1770. It is Early Georgian with a cupola and pedimented façade, shutters. The interior has been reconstructed to look as the original.
James City County was one of the original shires. It straddled the James River until 1646. The court was in Jamestown and did not move to Williamsburg until 1715. The courthouse house serves both James City County and Williamsburg.
During the Peninsula campaign of the Civil War Union troops occupied Williamsburg from 1682. Like Hanover and other counties the records were sent to Richmond for safe keeping. They were destroyed in the fire of 1865.
The following indicates what vital, land, probate, and court records are in James City county. The dates indicated below are the first known records for each county. All county court records were lost in 1865, Tax Records (1768-69) were saved.
The following are web links to Family history and genealogy, Records and Resources related to James City County. A lot of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Commercial Sites, Personal Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some call for a fee. This is just a listing which has been compiled or submitted. I do not endorse or promote one genealogy site above another. Feel free to provide your own favorite James City County genealogy or family history affiliated sites.