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Jefferson County, Mississippi

Jefferson County, Mississippi ancestry and genealogy research page. Uncover links to record collections, history, and genealogy resources to help you you locate your own Jefferson Co., ancestors. Start now by constructing a Free Family Tree.

Jefferson County

Jefferson County was established on April 2, 1799 as an origina lcounty (formerly called Pickering County until renamed in 1802). Currently the county was named in honor of Thomas Jefferson, third U.S. President and principal author of the Declaration of Independence .

The Jefferson County Seat can be found in Fayette additionally, the county government website is

Regions neighboring Jefferson County include Claiborne County (north), Copiah County (northeast), Lincoln County (southeast), Franklin County (south), Adams County (southwest) and Tensas Parish, Louisiana (west).

Cities and towns found in Jefferson County consist of Fayette.

Jefferson County vital records can be found at the Mississippi Department of Health which has copies of birth and death records after 1912, Marriage and a Divorce records since 1926. There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Mississippi for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Jefferson County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also Order Electronically Online or can download an application for Mississippi Birth CertificateMarriage CertificateDeath Certificate Application to mail.

Jefferson County consists of Federal Census Schedules to guide in finding out about your family tree. Federal Population Schedules are available for 1800, 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Jefferson Co. Slave Schedules is available for 1850 & 1860. Jefferson Co. Mortality Schedules can be acquired for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Jefferson Co. Industry and Agriculture is available for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Jefferson Co. Union Veterans Schedules can be acquired for 1890. You will discover free down loadable and printable census forms to aid with your research.

Jefferson County Societies and Family History Resources

A list of Jefferson County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Forums, Message Boards, Libraries, Archives.

Jefferson County Courthouse and Government Records

Jefferson County Courthouse

Genealogist frequently forget about the benefits of Jefferson County court, probate, and land files as a source of ancestry and genealogy information. Buried away in Mississippi courthouses and archives everywhere are often the hopes and dreams and frustrations of the many Mississippi people.

The odds are very good that your ancestors have left a comprehensive document of at least some factors of their lives in the Jefferson County court records. Even if your ancestors and forefathers is not mentioned in a Court case, give some thought to all of the other methods that could have lead to him or her showing up in court records.

The following indicates what vital, land, probate, and court records are in Jefferson county. The dates indicated below are the first known records for each county. Formed as Pickering County and renamed in 1802. Record loss in 1904. The Old courthouse burned in 1990, A majority of records were saved, though some of the "saved" records were later lost.

  • Jefferson County Courthouse (all departments listed below are located here, unless otherwise noted)
    • Address: 1483 Main St., Fayette, MS 39069
  • Jefferson County Chancery Court Clerk record all documents (warranty deeds, deed of trusts, military discharges, etc) to be in Public Land Records and create and maintain indexes for the documents filed in the land records, such as sectional indexes, direct/reverse indexes, etc. Maintain the Court dockets and file all records of the Court. Record and preserve court minute books. Submit divorce and other statistics to the Mississippi Department of Vital Records
    • Phone: 601-786-3021
    • Land Records: 1798
    • Probate Records: 1805
    • Divorce Records: see Clerk
  • Jefferson County Clerk of Circuit Court include Receiving and fileing all law suits, indictments, motions and other related papers in all Civil and Criminal Cases filed in the Circuit or County Courts. Keeps a record of all Judgments and Executions, Issues marriage licenses and keeps records of marriages.
    • Phone: 601-786-3422
    • Marriage Records: 1805 
    • Court Records: 1802
  • Jefferson County Tax Assessor / Collector maintain original tax records, both real and personal.
  • Jefferson County Health Department has birth and death records from November 1, 1912. You may go to any county health department in the State of Mississippi to obtain a certificates can be issued while you wait.

Jefferson County Links

The following are web links to Genealogy, Records and Resources relevant to Jefferson County. Many of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Business oriented Sites, Personal Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some require a fee. This is basically a list that has been collected or submitted. I do not endorse or promote one genealogy site above another. Feel free to submit your own most liked Jefferson County genealogy or family history affiliated sites.

Jefferson Co. MS Books, Newspapers & Publications

Jefferson Co. MS Birth, Marriage & Death Records

Jefferson Co. MS Court, Probate Land and Tax Records

Jefferson Co. MS Census Records

Jefferson Co. MS Cemeteries & Graveyards

Jefferson Co. MS Church & Bible Records

Jefferson Co. MS Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Jefferson Co. MS General and History Websites

Jefferson Co. MS Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Jefferson Co. MS Military Records

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