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Washington County, Illinois
Genealogy, History & Facts

Washington County, Illinois Facts

Washington County

When was Washington County, IL Created?
Washington County was established on January 2, 1818 from St. Clair County. This county was named for George Washington (1732-1799), commander-in-chief of American forces in the American Revolutionary War and first President of the United States .

What is the County Seat of Washington County, IL?
The County Seat is located in Nashville (prior county seats was Covington from 1818–1831) also, the county government website is unkown .

What counties are adjacent to Washington County, IL?
Bordering Counties are  Clinton County (north), Marion County (northeast), Jefferson County (east), Perry County (south), Randolph County (southwest), St. Clair County (west)

What cities and towns are in Washington County, IL?
Cities and towns located in the County include  Addieville, Ashley, Centralia, Du Bois, Hoyleton, Irvington, Nashville, New Minden, Oakdale, Okawville, Radom, Richview, Venedy, Wamac.

What Townships are in Washington County, IL?
Townships located in the County include Lively Grove, Hoyleton, Irvington, Johannisburg, Bolo, Ashley, Beaucoup, Covington, DuBois, Plum Hill, Pilot Knob, Okawville, Oakdale, Nashville, Richview, Venedy.


Washington County, IL Vital Records

Where can find Washington County Birth, marriage, Divorce and Death Records?
Washington County vital records can be found at the Illinois Department of Public Health has copies of birth, marriage, divorce and death records. There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Illinois for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Washington County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also Order Electronically Online or can download an application for Illinois Birth CertificateMarriage CertificateDivorce CertificateDeath Certificate Applications to mail.


Washington County, IL Census Records

What Washington County, IL census records are available?
There are many types of census records for Washington County guide you in researching your family tree. Federal Population Schedules are available for 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Washington Co. Mortality Schedules can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Washington Co. Industry and Agriculture can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Washington Co. Union Veterans Schedules is available for 1890. One can find free online and printable census forms to help you with your research. See Also Illinois Census Records Research Guide


Washington County, IL Courthouse and Government Records


Washington County Courthouse

What genealogical records can I find in the Washington County Courthouse?
The below facts shows exactly what death, marriage, birth, property, wills, and court records are typically in Washington County. The years listed below are the first noted records with this county. See Also Illinois Corthouse Records Research Guide

  • Washington County Courthouse (all departments listed below are located here, unless otherwise noted)
    • Address: 101 E. St. Louis St., Nashville, IL 62263
  • Washington County Clerk & Recorder of Deeds maintains records and issues certificates of vital statistics (birth certificates, death certificates, and marriage certificates) for the entire County. The Recorder's duties are receiving, filing and maintaining all records related to real property in our county. These documents range from all types of conveyance deeds, mortgages, releases and assignments, property liens, as well as, assorted federal, state and local liens. The Recorder’s office is responsible for the recordation and storage of plats of subdivision, land surveys and monument records. Many other types of miscellaneous documents are recorded, such as; foreign birth certificates, foreign marriage licenses, and military discharge paperwork to name a few.
    • Phone: 618-327-4800, ext. 300
    • Marriage Records: 1831
    • Birth & Death Records: 1877
    • Land Records: 1815
  • Washington County Clerk of the Circuit Court, commonly known as the Circuit Clerk, is the keeper of the files and records of the Circuit Court. The Circuit Clerk's Office retains documents some of which include criminal law, chancery, support, probate, adoption, ect....
    • Phone: 618-327-4800, ext. 305
    • Probate Records: 1818
    • Court Records: 1818
  • Washington County Treasurer's Office is responsible for the statutory duties required as County Treasurer and as Ex-Officio County Collector of Real Estate Property Taxes and Drainage District Taxes for the entire county.
  • The county archives of the state of Illinois
  • Local Government Records Database - provides a listing of the local governmental records held by the Illinois Regional Archives Depository (IRAD) system
  • BLM Land Records

Washington County, IL Societies and Family History Resources

What genealogical and historical societies, archives, museums, associations and libraries are available for Washington County, IL?
A list of Washington County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Libraries, Archives. See also list of Statewide Illinois Archives, Historical & Genealogical Societies.

Where can I connect with other Washington County, IL Researchers through message boards and forums?

What other genealogical resources are available in Washington County, IL?
The following are web links to Genealogy, Records and Resources pertaining to Washington County. These genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Commercial Sites, Private Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some require a cost. This is simply a collection that has been gathered or submitted. I do not recommend or promote one genealogy site over another.

Washington Co. IL Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Washington Co. IL Books, Newspapers & Publications

Washington Co. IL Cemeteries & Church Records

Washington Co. IL Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Washington Co. IL General and History Websites

Washington Co. IL Military Records

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