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Randolph County, Illinois
Genealogy, History & Facts

Randolph County, Illinois Facts

Randolph County

When was Randolph County, IL Created?
Randolph County was established on October 5, 1795 from St. Clair County and Northwest Territory. This county was named for Edmund Randolph (1753-1813), first Attorney General of the United States, and briefly United States Secretary of State.

What is the County Seat of Randolph County, IL?
The County Seat is located in Chester (prior county seats was Kaskaskia from 1795–1847) also, the county government website is .

What counties are adjacent to Randolph County, IL?
Bordering Counties are   St. Clair County (north), Washington County (northeast), Perry County (east), Jackson County (southeast), Perry County, Missouri (south), Ste. Genevieve County, Missouri (southwest), Monroe County (northwest)

What cities and towns are in Randolph County, IL?
Cities and towns located in the County include  Baldwin, Chester, Coulterville, Ellis Grove, Evansville, Kaskaskia, Percy, Prairie du Rocher, Red Bud, Rockwood, Ruma, Sparta, Steeleville, Tilden

What Townships and Precincts are in Randolph County, IL?
Townships located in the County include  Baldwin, Blair, Bremen, Brewersville, Central, Chester, Coulterville, Ellis Grove, Evansville, Kaskaskia, Palestine, Percy, Prairie du Rocher, Redbud, Rockwood, Ruma, Sparta, Steelville, Tilden, Wine Hill.

Randolph County, IL Vital Records

Where can find Randolph County Birth, marriage, Divorce and Death Records?
Randolph County vital records can be found at the Illinois Department of Public Health has copies of birth, marriage, divorce and death records. There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Illinois for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Randolph County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also Order Electronically Online or can download an application for Illinois Birth CertificateMarriage CertificateDivorce CertificateDeath Certificate Applications to mail.

Randolph County, IL Census Records

What Randolph County, IL census records are available?
There are many types of census records for Randolph County guide you in researching your family tree. Federal Population Schedules are available for 1800, 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Randolph Co. Mortality Schedules can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Randolph Co. Industry and Agriculture can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Randolph Co. Union Veterans Schedules is available for 1890. One can find free online and printable census forms to help you with your research. See Also Illinois Census Records Research Guide

Randolph County, IL Courthouse and Government Records

Randolph County Courthouse

What genealogical records can I find in the Randolph County Courthouse?
The below facts shows exactly what death, marriage, birth, property, wills, and court records are typically in Randolph County. The years listed below are the first noted records with this county. See Also Illinois Corthouse Records Research Guide.

  • Randolph County Courthouse (all departments listed below are located here, unless otherwise noted)
    • Address: #1 Taylor St., Chester, IL 62233
  • Randolph County Clerk & Recorder of Deeds maintains records and issues certificates of vital statistics (birth certificates, death certificates, and marriage certificates) for the entire County. The Recorder's duties are receiving, filing and maintaining all records related to real property in our county. These documents range from all types of conveyance deeds, mortgages, releases and assignments, property liens, as well as, assorted federal, state and local liens. The Recorder’s office is responsible for the recordation and storage of plats of subdivision, land surveys and monument records. Many other types of miscellaneous documents are recorded, such as; foreign birth certificates, foreign marriage licenses, and military discharge paperwork to name a few.
    • Phone: 618-826-5000, ext. 191
    • Marriage Records: 1724
    • Birth & Death Records: 1877
    • Land Records: 1724
  • Randolph County Clerk of the Circuit Court, commonly known as the Circuit Clerk, is the keeper of the files and records of the Circuit Court. The Circuit Clerk's Office retains documents some of which include criminal law, chancery, support, probate, adoption, ect....
    • Phone: 618-826-5000, ext. 194
    • Probate Records: 1722
    • Court Records: 1722
  • Randolph County Treasurer's Office is responsible for the statutory duties required as County Treasurer and as Ex-Officio County Collector of Real Estate Property Taxes and Drainage District Taxes for the entire county.
  • The county archives of the state of Illinois
  • Local Government Records Database - provides a listing of the local governmental records held by the Illinois Regional Archives Depository (IRAD) system
  • BLM Land Records

Randolph County, IL Societies and Family History Resources

What genealogical and historical societies, archives, museums, associations and libraries are available for Randolph County, IL?
A list of Randolph County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Libraries, Archives. See also list of Statewide Illinois Archives, Historical & Genealogical Societies.

Where can I connect with other Randolph County, IL Researchers through message boards and forums?

What other genealogical resources are available in Randolph County, IL?
The following are web links to Genealogy, Records and Resources pertaining to Randolph County. These genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Commercial Sites, Private Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some require a cost. This is simply a collection that has been gathered or submitted. I do not recommend or promote one genealogy site over another.

Randolph Co. IL Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Randolph Co. IL Books, Newspapers & Publications

Randolph Co. IL Cemeteries & Church Records

Randolph Co. IL Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Randolph Co. IL General and History Websites

Randolph Co. IL Military Records

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