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Madison County, Illinois
Genealogy, History & Facts

Madison County, Illinois Facts

Madison County

When was Madison County, IL Created?
Madison County was established on September 14, 1812 from St. Clair County. This county was named for James Madison (1751-1836), fourth President of the United States and principal author of the Constitution of the United States. .

What is the County Seat of Madison County, IL?
The County Seat is located in Edwardsville also, the county government website is .

What counties are adjacent to Madison County, IL?
Bordering Counties are  Bond County (east), Clinton County (southeast), Jersey County (northwest), St. Clair County (south), Montgomery County (northeast), Macoupin County (north)

What cities and towns are in Madison County, IL?
Cities and towns located in the County include  Alton, Collinsville, Edwardsville, Granite City, Highland, Madison, Troy, Venice, Wood River, Alhambra, Bethalto, East Alton, Glen Carbon, Godfrey, Grantfork, Hamel, Hartford, Livingston, Marine, Maryville, New Douglas, Pontoon Beach, Roxana, South Roxana, St. Jacob, Williamson, Worden.

What Townships are in Madison County, IL?
Townships located in the County include Leef, Helvetia, Hamel, Jarvis, Edwardsville, Foster, Fort Russell, Granite City, Godfrey, Alhambra, Alton, Collinsville, Chouteau, Pin Oak, Omphghent, Olive, Marine, Moro, Nameoki, New Douglas, St. Jacob, Saline, Venice, Wood River.

Madison County, IL Vital Records

Where can find Madison County Birth, marriage, Divorce and Death Records?
Madison County vital records can be found at the Illinois Department of Public Health has copies of birth, marriage, divorce and death records. There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Illinois for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Madison County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also Order Electronically Online or can download an application for Illinois Birth CertificateMarriage CertificateDivorce CertificateDeath Certificate Applications to mail.

Madison County, IL Census Records

What Madison County, IL census records are available?
There are many types of census records for Madison County guide you in researching your family tree. Federal Population Schedules are available for 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Madison Co. Mortality Schedules can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Madison Co. Industry and Agriculture can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Madison Co. Union Veterans Schedules is available for 1890. One can find free online and printable census forms to help you with your research. See Also Illinois Census Records Research Guide

Madison County, IL Courthouse and Government Records

Madison County Courthouse

What genealogical records can I find in the Madison County Courthouse?
The below facts shows exactly what death, marriage, birth, property, wills, and court records are typically in Madison County. The years listed below are the first noted records with this county. See Also Illinois Corthouse Records Research Guide.

  • Madison County Courthouse (all departments listed below are located here, unless otherwise noted)
    • Address: 155 N. Main St., Edwardsville, IL 62025
  • Madison County Clerk maintains records and issues certificates of vital statistics (birth certificates, death certificates, and marriage certificates) for the entire County.
    • Marriage Records: 1813
    • Birth & Death Records: 1858 / 1877
  • Madison County Recorder of Deeds serves the people of County by receiving, filing and maintaining all records related to real property in our county. These documents range from all types of conveyance deeds, mortgages, releases and assignments, property liens, as well as, assorted federal, state and local liens. The Recorder’s office is responsible for the recordation and storage of plats of subdivision, land surveys and monument records. Many other types of miscellaneous documents are recorded, such as; foreign birth certificates, foreign marriage licenses, and military discharge paperwork to name a few.
    • Phone: 618-692-8919
    • Land Records:1802
  • Madison County Clerk of the Circuit Court, commonly known as the Circuit Clerk, is the keeper of the files and records of the Circuit Court. The Circuit Clerk's Office retains documents some of which include criminal law, chancery, support, probate, adoption, ect....
    • Phone: (618) 296-4470
    • Probate Records: 1813
    • Court Records: 1803
  • Madison County Treasurer's Office is responsible for the statutory duties required as County Treasurer and as Ex-Officio County Collector of Real Estate Property Taxes and Drainage District Taxes for the entire county.
  • The county archives of the state of Illinois
  • Local Government Records Database - provides a listing of the local governmental records held by the Illinois Regional Archives Depository (IRAD) system
  • BLM Land Records

Madison County, IL Societies and Family History Resources

What genealogical and historical societies, archives, museums, associations and libraries are available for Madison County, IL?
A list of Madison County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Libraries, Archives. See also list of Statewide Illinois Archives, Historical & Genealogical Societies.

Where can I connect with other Madison County, IL Researchers through message boards and forums?

What other genealogical resources are available in Madison County, IL?
The following are web links to Genealogy, Records and Resources pertaining to Madison County. These genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Commercial Sites, Private Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some require a cost. This is simply a collection that has been gathered or submitted. I do not recommend or promote one genealogy site over another.

Madison Co. IL Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Madison Co. IL Books, Newspapers & Publications

Madison Co. IL Cemeteries & Church Records

Madison Co. IL Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Madison Co. IL General and History Websites

Madison Co. IL Military Records

Madison Co. IL Schools & Directories

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