Madison County, Illinois
Genealogy and Facts

Madison County

Madison County was founded on September 14, 1812 from St. Clair County. This county was named for James Madison (1751-1836), fourth President of the United States and principal author of the Constitution of the United States. .

The Madison County Seat is located in Edwardsville also, the county government website is www.co.madison.il.us .

Areas bordering to Madison County are  Bond County (east), Clinton County (southeast), Jersey County (northwest), St. Clair County (south), Montgomery County (northeast), Macoupin County (north)

Cities, Towns & Villages located in Madison County include  Alton, Collinsville, Edwardsville, Granite City, Highland, Madison, Troy, Venice, Wood River, Alhambra, Bethalto, East Alton, Glen Carbon, Godfrey, Grantfork, Hamel, Hartford, Livingston, Marine, Maryville, New Douglas, Pontoon Beach, Roxana, South Roxana, St. Jacob, Williamson, Worden.

Townships located in Madison County include  Leef, Helvetia, Hamel, Jarvis, Edwardsville, Foster, Fort Russell, Granite City, Godfrey, Alhambra, Alton, Collinsville, Chouteau, Pin Oak, Omphghent, Olive, Marine, Moro, Nameoki, New Douglas, St. Jacob, Saline, Venice, Wood River.

Madison County vital records can be found at the Illinois Department of Public Health has copies of birth, marriage, divorce and death records. There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Illinois for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Madison County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also Order Electronically Online or can download an application for Illinois Birth CertificateMarriage CertificateDivorce CertificateDeath Certificate Applications to mail.

Madison County consists of Federal Census Schedules to guide in looking into your family tree. Federal Population Schedules can be found for 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Madison Co. Mortality Schedules can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Madison Co. Industry and Agriculture can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Madison Co. Union Veterans Schedules is available for 1890. One can find free online and printable census forms to help you with your research.

Madison County Societies and Family History Resources

A list of Madison County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Forums, Message Boards, Libraries, Archives.

Madison County Courthouse and Government Records


Madison County Courthouse

frequently fail to notice the significance of Madison County court, probate, and land records data as a resource of family history and genealogy details. Buried away in Illinois courthouses and archives everywhere are the dreams and worries of the many Illinois people.

The chances are very good that your forefathers have left a detailed record of at least quite a few facets of their lives in the Madison County court records. Even if your forefathers is not referred to in a Court case, take into account all of the other procedures which may have lead to her or him showing up in court records.

The below information and facts denotes whatever death, marriage, birth, land, wills, and legal records will be in Madison County. The dates stated listed below tend to be the first noted documents for this particular county.

Remember to contact the clerk's office to determine hours, mailing address, fees and other specifics in advance of visiting or asking for information because of in some cases changing contact info. The Department Offices DO NOT DO RESEARCH. The records and documents are readily available to interested parties, barring private issues. Most staff will help people in finding the materials, but it's up to the person to perform the researching.
  • Madison County Courthouse (all departments listed below are located here, unless otherwise noted)
    • Address: 155 N. Main St., Edwardsville, IL 62025
  • Madison County Clerk maintains records and issues certificates of vital statistics (birth certificates, death certificates, and marriage certificates) for the entire County.
    • Marriage Records: 1813
    • Birth & Death Records: 1858 / 1877
  • Madison County Recorder of Deeds serves the people of County by receiving, filing and maintaining all records related to real property in our county. These documents range from all types of conveyance deeds, mortgages, releases and assignments, property liens, as well as, assorted federal, state and local liens. The Recorder’s office is responsible for the recordation and storage of plats of subdivision, land surveys and monument records. Many other types of miscellaneous documents are recorded, such as; foreign birth certificates, foreign marriage licenses, and military discharge paperwork to name a few.
    • Phone: 618-692-8919
    • Land Records:1802
  • Madison County Clerk of the Circuit Court, commonly known as the Circuit Clerk, is the keeper of the files and records of the Circuit Court. The Circuit Clerk's Office retains documents some of which include criminal law, chancery, support, probate, adoption, ect....
    • Phone: (618) 296-4470
    • Probate Records: 1813
    • Court Records: 1803
  • Madison County Treasurer's Office is responsible for the statutory duties required as County Treasurer and as Ex-Officio County Collector of Real Estate Property Taxes and Drainage District Taxes for the entire county.

Madison County Links

The following are web links to Family history and genealogy, Records and Resources associated to Madison County. These genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Commercial Sites, Private Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some require a cost. This is simply a collection that has been gathered or submitted. I do not recommend or promote one genealogy site over another. Feel free to provide your own preferred Madison County genealogy or family history affiliated sites.

Madison Co. IL Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Madison Co. IL Books, Newspapers & Publications

Madison Co. IL Birth, Marriage & Death Records

Madison Co. IL Court, Probate Land and Tax Records

Madison Co. IL Census Records

Madison Co. IL Cemeteries & Graveyards

Madison Co. IL Church & Bible Records

Madison Co. IL Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Madison Co. IL General and History Websites

Madison Co. IL Military Records

Madison Co. IL Schools & Directories

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