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Knox County, Illinois
Genealogy, History & Facts

Knox County, Illinois Facts

Knox County

When was Knox County, IL Created?
Knox County was established on January 13, 1825 from unorganized land, Fulton County and Henry County. This county was named for Gen. Henry Knox (1750-1806), American Revolutionary War general and first United States Secretary of War.

What is the County Seat of Knox County, IL?
The County Seat is located in Galesburg (prior county seats was Home of John B. Gum in Henderson from 1830–1831, Henderson—New location, name changed to Knoxville from 1831–1873) also, the county government website is www.knoxcountyil.com/ .

What counties are adjacent to Knox County, IL?
Bordering Counties are  Henry County (north), Stark County (east), Peoria County (southeast), Fulton County (south), Warren County (west), Mercer County (northwest)

What cities and towns are in Knox County, IL?
Cities and towns located in the County include  Abingdon, Altona, East Galesburg, Galesburg, Henderson, Knoxville, London Mills, Maquon, Oneida, Rio, St. Augustine, Victoria, Wataga, Williamsfield, Yates City.

What Townships are in Knox County, IL?
Townships located in the County include Knox, Haw Creek, Henderson, Indian Point, Elba, Galesburg, Galesburg City, Chestnut, Cedar, Copley, Persifer, Ontario, Orange, Maquon, Lynn, Sparta, Rio, Salem, Walnut Grove, Victoria, Truro.


Knox County, IL Vital Records

Where can find Knox County Birth, marriage, Divorce and Death Records?
Knox County vital records can be found at the Illinois Department of Public Health has copies of birth, marriage, divorce and death records. There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Illinois for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Knox County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also Order Electronically Online or can download an application for Illinois Birth CertificateMarriage CertificateDivorce CertificateDeath Certificate Applications to mail.


Knox County, IL Census Records

What Knox County, IL census records are available?
There are many types of census records for Knox County guide you in researching your family tree. Federal Population Schedules are available for 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Knox Co. Mortality Schedules can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Knox Co. Industry and Agriculture can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Knox Co. Union Veterans Schedules is available for 1890. One can find free online and printable census forms to help you with your research. See Also Illinois Census Records Research Guide


Knox County, IL Courthouse and Government Records


Knox County Courthouse

What genealogical records can I find in the Knox County Courthouse?
The below facts shows exactly what death, marriage, birth, property, wills, and court records are typically in Knox County. The years listed below are the first noted records with this county. See Also Illinois Corthouse Records Research Guide

  • Knox County Courthouse (all departments listed below are located here, unless otherwise noted)
    • Address: 200 S. Cherry St., Galesburg, IL 61401
  • Knox County Clerk maintains records and issues certificates of vital statistics (birth certificates, death certificates, and marriage certificates) for the entire County.
    • Phone: (309) 345-3815
    • Marriage Records: 1830
    • Birth & Death Records: 1877
  • Knox County Recorder of Deeds serves the people of County by receiving, filing and maintaining all records related to real property in our county. These documents range from all types of conveyance deeds, mortgages, releases and assignments, property liens, as well as, assorted federal, state and local liens. The Recorder’s office is responsible for the recordation and storage of plats of subdivision, land surveys and monument records. Many other types of miscellaneous documents are recorded, such as; foreign birth certificates, foreign marriage licenses, and military discharge paperwork to name a few.
    • Phone: 309-345-3818
    • Land Records:1818
  • Knox County Clerk of the Circuit Court, commonly known as the Circuit Clerk, is the keeper of the files and records of the Circuit Court. The Circuit Clerk's Office retains documents some of which include criminal law, chancery, support, probate, adoption, ect....
    • Phone: 309-345-3859
    • Probate Records: 1830
    • Court Records: 1836
  • Knox County Treasurer's Office is responsible for the statutory duties required as County Treasurer and as Ex-Officio County Collector of Real Estate Property Taxes and Drainage District Taxes for the entire county.
  • The county archives of the state of Illinois
  • Local Government Records Database - provides a listing of the local governmental records held by the Illinois Regional Archives Depository (IRAD) system
  • BLM Land Records

Knox County, IL Societies and Family History Resources

What genealogical and historical societies, archives, museums, associations and libraries are available for Knox County, IL?
A list of Knox County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Libraries, Archives. See also list of Statewide Illinois Archives, Historical & Genealogical Societies.

Where can I connect with other Knox County, IL Researchers through message boards and forums?

What other genealogical resources are available in Knox County, IL?
The following are web links to Genealogy, Records and Resources pertaining to Knox County. These genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Commercial Sites, Private Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some require a cost. This is simply a collection that has been gathered or submitted. I do not recommend or promote one genealogy site over another.

Knox Co. IL Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Knox Co. IL Books, Newspapers & Publications

Knox Co. IL Cemeteries & Church Records

Knox Co. IL Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Knox Co. IL General and History Websites

Knox Co. IL Military Records

Knox Co. IL Schools & Directories

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