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Jackson County, Illinois
Genealogy, History & Facts

Jackson County, Illinois Facts

Jackson County

When was Jackson County, IL Created?
Jackson County was established on January 10, 1816 from Johnson County and Randolph County. This county was named for Andrew Jackson (1767-1845), seventh President of the United States, United States Senator from Tennessee, and general in the War of 1812.

What is the County Seat of Jackson County, IL?
The County Seat is located in Murphysboro (prior county seats was House of Nathan Davis on Big Muddy River from 1816–1817, Brownsville from 1817–1843) also, the county government website is .

What counties are adjacent to Jackson County, IL?
Bordering Counties are  Perry County (north), Franklin County (northeast), Williamson County (east), Union County (southeast), Perry County, Missouri (west), Randolph County (northwest)

What cities and towns are in Jackson County, IL?
Cities and towns located in the County include  Ava, Campbell Hill, Carbondale, De Soto, Dowell, Elkville, Gorham, Grand Tower, Makanda, Murphysboro, Vergennes.

What Townships are in Jackson County, IL?
Townships located in the County include Levan, Kinkaid, Elk, Fountain Bluff, Grand Tower, Bradley, Carbondale, DeSoto, Degognia, Pomona, Ora, Makanda, Murphysboro, Somerset, Sand Ridge, Vergennes.

Jackson County, IL Vital Records

Where can find Jackson County Birth, marriage, Divorce and Death Records?
Jackson County vital records can be found at the Illinois Department of Public Health has copies of birth, marriage, divorce and death records. There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Illinois for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Jackson County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also Order Electronically Online or can download an application for Illinois Birth CertificateMarriage CertificateDivorce CertificateDeath Certificate Applications to mail.

Jackson County, IL Census Records

What Jackson County, IL census records are available?
There are many types of census records for Jackson County guide you in researching your family tree. Federal Population Schedules are available for 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Jackson Co. Mortality Schedules can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Jackson Co. Industry and Agriculture can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Jackson Co. Union Veterans Schedules is available for 1890. One can find free online and printable census forms to help you with your research. See Also Illinois Census Records Research Guide

Jackson County, IL Courthouse and Government Records

Jackson County Courthouse

What genealogical records can I find in the Jackson County Courthouse?
The below facts shows exactly what death, marriage, birth, property, wills, and court records are typically in Jackson County. The years listed below are the first noted records with this county. See Also Illinois Corthouse Records Research Guide.

  • Jackson County Courthouse (all departments listed below are located here, unless otherwise noted)
    • Address: 1001 Walnut St., Murphysboro, IL 62966
  • Jackson County Clerk & Recorder of Deeds maintains records and issues certificates of vital statistics (birth certificates, death certificates, and marriage certificates) for the entire County. The Recorder's duties are receiving, filing and maintaining all records related to real property in our county. These documents range from all types of conveyance deeds, mortgages, releases and assignments, property liens, as well as, assorted federal, state and local liens. The Recorder’s office is responsible for the recordation and storage of plats of subdivision, land surveys and monument records. Many other types of miscellaneous documents are recorded, such as; foreign birth certificates, foreign marriage licenses, and military discharge paperwork to name a few.
    • Phone: (618) 687-7360
    • Marriage Records: 1843
    • Birth & Death Records: 1877
    • Land Records: 1814
  • Jackson County Clerk of the Circuit Court, commonly known as the Circuit Clerk, is the keeper of the files and records of the Circuit Court. The Circuit Clerk's Office retains documents some of which include criminal law, chancery, support, probate, adoption, ect....
    • Phone: (618) 687-7300
    • Probate Records: 1840
    • Court Records: 1843
  • Jackson County Treasurer's Office is responsible for the statutory duties required as County Treasurer and as Ex-Officio County Collector of Real Estate Property Taxes and Drainage District Taxes for the entire county.
  • The county archives of the state of Illinois
  • Local Government Records Database - provides a listing of the local governmental records held by the Illinois Regional Archives Depository (IRAD) system
  • BLM Land Records

Jackson County, IL Societies and Family History Resources

What genealogical and historical societies, archives, museums, associations and libraries are available for Jackson County, IL?
A list of Jackson County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Libraries, Archives. See also list of Statewide Illinois Archives, Historical & Genealogical Societies.

Where can I connect with other Jackson County, IL Researchers through message boards and forums?

What other genealogical resources are available in Jackson County, IL?
The following are web links to Genealogy, Records and Resources pertaining to Jackson County. These genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Commercial Sites, Private Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some require a cost. This is simply a collection that has been gathered or submitted. I do not recommend or promote one genealogy site over another.

Jackson Co. IL Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Jackson Co. IL Books, Newspapers & Publications

Jackson Co. IL Cemeteries & Church Records

Jackson Co. IL Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Jackson Co. IL General and History Websites

Jackson Co. IL Military Records

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