Jackson County, Illinois
Genealogy and Facts

Jackson County

Jackson County was founded on January 10, 1816 from Johnson County and Randolph County. This county was named for Andrew Jackson (1767-1845), seventh President of the United States, United States Senator from Tennessee, and general in the War of 1812.

The Jackson County Seat is located in Murphysboro (prior county seats was House of Nathan Davis on Big Muddy River from 1816–1817, Brownsville from 1817–1843) also, the county government website is www.co.jackson.il.us .

Areas bordering to Jackson County are  Perry County (north), Franklin County (northeast), Williamson County (east), Union County (southeast), Perry County, Missouri (west), Randolph County (northwest)

Cities, Towns & Villages located in Jackson County include  Ava, Campbell Hill, Carbondale, De Soto, Dowell, Elkville, Gorham, Grand Tower, Makanda, Murphysboro, Vergennes.

Townships located in Jackson County include  Levan, Kinkaid, Elk, Fountain Bluff, Grand Tower, Bradley, Carbondale, DeSoto, Degognia, Pomona, Ora, Makanda, Murphysboro, Somerset, Sand Ridge, Vergennes.

Jackson County vital records can be found at the Illinois Department of Public Health has copies of birth, marriage, divorce and death records. There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Illinois for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Jackson County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also Order Electronically Online or can download an application for Illinois Birth CertificateMarriage CertificateDivorce CertificateDeath Certificate Applications to mail.

Jackson County consists of Federal Census Schedules to guide in looking into your family tree. Federal Population Schedules can be found for 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Jackson Co. Mortality Schedules can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Jackson Co. Industry and Agriculture can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Jackson Co. Union Veterans Schedules is available for 1890. One can find free online and printable census forms to help you with your research.

Jackson County Societies and Family History Resources

A list of Jackson County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Forums, Message Boards, Libraries, Archives.

Jackson County Courthouse and Government Records


Jackson County Courthouse

frequently fail to notice the significance of Jackson County court, probate, and land records data as a resource of family history and genealogy details. Buried away in Illinois courthouses and archives everywhere are the dreams and worries of the many Illinois people.

The chances are very good that your forefathers have left a detailed record of at least quite a few facets of their lives in the Jackson County court records. Even if your forefathers is not referred to in a Court case, take into account all of the other procedures which may have lead to her or him showing up in court records.

Remember to contact the clerk's office to determine hours, mailing address, fees and other specifics in advance of visiting or asking for information because of in some cases changing contact info. The Department Offices DO NOT DO RESEARCH. The records and documents are readily available to interested parties, barring private issues. Most staff will help people in finding the materials, but it's up to the person to perform the researching.

The following indicates what vital, land, probate, and court records are in Jackson county. The dates indicated below are the first known records for this county which may include records of land, estates, taxes, vital records, divorces, naturalizations, court records, and so forth. Some records lost or damaged in a fire on June 10, 1843

Remember to contact the clerk's office to determine hours, mailing address, fees and other specifics in advance of visiting or asking for information because of in some cases changing contact info. The Department Offices DO NOT DO RESEARCH. The records and documents are readily available to interested parties, barring private issues. Most staff will help people in finding the materials, but it's up to the person to perform the researching.
  • Jackson County Courthouse (all departments listed below are located here, unless otherwise noted)
    • Address: 1001 Walnut St., Murphysboro, IL 62966
  • Jackson County Clerk & Recorder of Deeds maintains records and issues certificates of vital statistics (birth certificates, death certificates, and marriage certificates) for the entire County. The Recorder's duties are receiving, filing and maintaining all records related to real property in our county. These documents range from all types of conveyance deeds, mortgages, releases and assignments, property liens, as well as, assorted federal, state and local liens. The Recorder’s office is responsible for the recordation and storage of plats of subdivision, land surveys and monument records. Many other types of miscellaneous documents are recorded, such as; foreign birth certificates, foreign marriage licenses, and military discharge paperwork to name a few.
    • Phone: (618) 687-7360
    • Marriage Records: 1843
    • Birth & Death Records: 1877
    • Land Records: 1814
  • Jackson County Clerk of the Circuit Court, commonly known as the Circuit Clerk, is the keeper of the files and records of the Circuit Court. The Circuit Clerk's Office retains documents some of which include criminal law, chancery, support, probate, adoption, ect....
    • Phone: (618) 687-7300
    • Probate Records: 1840
    • Court Records: 1843
  • Jackson County Treasurer's Office is responsible for the statutory duties required as County Treasurer and as Ex-Officio County Collector of Real Estate Property Taxes and Drainage District Taxes for the entire county.

Jackson County Links

The following are web links to Family history and genealogy, Records and Resources associated to Jackson County. These genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Commercial Sites, Private Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some require a cost. This is simply a collection that has been gathered or submitted. I do not recommend or promote one genealogy site over another. Feel free to provide your own preferred Jackson County genealogy or family history affiliated sites.

Jackson Co. IL Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Jackson Co. IL Books, Newspapers & Publications

Jackson Co. IL Birth, Marriage & Death Records

Jackson Co. IL Court, Probate Land and Tax Records

Jackson Co. IL Census Records

Jackson Co. IL Cemeteries & Graveyards

Jackson Co. IL Church & Bible Records

Jackson Co. IL Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Jackson Co. IL General and History Websites

Jackson Co. IL Military Records

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