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Hancock County, Illinois
Genealogy, History & Facts

Hancock County, Illinois Facts

Hancock County

When was Hancock County, IL Created?
Hancock County was established on January 13, 1825 from Pike County. This county was named for John Hancock (1737–1793), first governor of the Massachusetts colony and president of the Second Continental Congress.

What is the County Seat of Hancock County, IL?
The County Seat is located in Carthage also, the county government website is .

What counties are adjacent to Hancock County, IL?
Bordering Counties are  Henderson County, McDonough County, Schuyler County, Adams County, Lewis County, Missouri, Clark County, Missouri, Lee County, Iowa

What cities and towns are in Hancock County, IL?
Cities and towns located in the County include  Augusta, Basco, Bentley, Bowen, Carthage, Dallas City (partly in Henderson County), Elvaston, Ferris, Fountain Green, Hamilton, La Harpe, Nauvoo, Plymouth, Pontoosuc, Warsaw, West Point.

What Townships are in Hancock County, IL?
Townships located in the County include La Harpe, Hancock, Harmony, Fountain Green, Appanoose, Augusta, Bear Creek, Chili, Carthage, Dallas City, Durham, Pontoosuc, Prairie, Pilot Grove, Montebello, Nauvoo, St. Mary's, St. Albans, Sonora, Rocky Run, Rock Creek, Walker, Warsaw, Wilcox, Wythe.

Hancock County, IL Vital Records

Where can find Hancock County Birth, marriage, Divorce and Death Records?
Hancock County vital records can be found at the Illinois Department of Public Health has copies of birth, marriage, divorce and death records. There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Illinois for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Hancock County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also Order Electronically Online or can download an application for Illinois Birth CertificateMarriage CertificateDivorce CertificateDeath Certificate Applications to mail.

Hancock County, IL Census Records

What Hancock County, IL census records are available?
There are many types of census records for Hancock County guide you in researching your family tree. Federal Population Schedules are available for 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Hancock Co. Mortality Schedules can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Hancock Co. Industry and Agriculture can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Hancock Co. Union Veterans Schedules is available for 1890. One can find free online and printable census forms to help you with your research. See Also Illinois Census Records Research Guide

Hancock County, IL Courthouse and Government Records

Hancock County Courthouse

What genealogical records can I find in the Hancock County Courthouse?
The below facts shows exactly what death, marriage, birth, property, wills, and court records are typically in Hancock County. The years listed below are the first noted records with this county. See Also Illinois Corthouse Records Research Guide.

  • Hancock County Courthouse (all departments listed below are located here, unless otherwise noted)
    • Address: Courthouse Square, Carthage, Illinois 62321-0189
  • Hancock County Clerk & Recorder of Deeds maintains records and issues certificates of vital statistics (birth certificates, death certificates, and marriage certificates) for the entire County. The Recorder's duties are receiving, filing and maintaining all records related to real property in our county. These documents range from all types of conveyance deeds, mortgages, releases and assignments, property liens, as well as, assorted federal, state and local liens. The Recorder’s office is responsible for the recordation and storage of plats of subdivision, land surveys and monument records. Many other types of miscellaneous documents are recorded, such as; foreign birth certificates, foreign marriage licenses, and military discharge paperwork to name a few.
    • Phone: 217-357-3911
    • Marriage Records: 1829
    • Birth & Death Records: 1844 / 1878
    • Land Records: 1817
  • Hancock County Clerk of the Circuit Court, commonly known as the Circuit Clerk, is the keeper of the files and records of the Circuit Court. The Circuit Clerk's Office retains documents some of which include criminal law, chancery, support, probate, adoption, ect....
    • Phone: 217-357-2616
    • Probate Records: 1830
    • Court Records: 1829
  • Hancock County Treasurer's Office is responsible for the statutory duties required as County Treasurer and as Ex-Officio County Collector of Real Estate Property Taxes and Drainage District Taxes for the entire county.
  • Nauvoo, Illinois Tax Index, 1842  
  • LDS Redress Petition Listing, 1843
  • The county archives of the state of Illinois
  • Local Government Records Database - provides a listing of the local governmental records held by the Illinois Regional Archives Depository (IRAD) system
  • BLM Land Records

Hancock County, IL Societies and Family History Resources

What genealogical and historical societies, archives, museums, associations and libraries are available for Hancock County, IL?
A list of Hancock County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Libraries, Archives. See also list of Statewide Illinois Archives, Historical & Genealogical Societies.

Where can I connect with other Hancock County, IL Researchers through message boards and forums?

What other genealogical resources are available in Hancock County, IL?
The following are web links to Genealogy, Records and Resources pertaining to Hancock County. These genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Commercial Sites, Private Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some require a cost. This is simply a collection that has been gathered or submitted. I do not recommend or promote one genealogy site over another.

Hancock Co. IL Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Hancock Co. IL Books, Newspapers & Publications

Hancock Co. IL Cemeteries & Church Records

Hancock Co. IL Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Hancock Co. IL General and History Websites

Hancock Co. IL Military Records

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