Fayette County, Illinois

Fayette County

Fayette County was founded on February 14, 1821 from Bond County, Clark County, Crawford County and Jefferson County. This county was named for Marquis de la Fayette (1757–1834), French military officer who was a key factor in the American and French Revolutions. .

The Fayette County Seat is located in Vandalia (prior county seats was ) also, the county government website is www.fayettecountyillinois.org/ .

Areas bordering to Fayette County are  Shelby County (northeast), Effingham County (east), Clay County (southeast), Marion County (south), Clinton County (southwest), Bond County (west), Montgomery County (northwest)

Cities, Towns & Villages located in Fayette County include  St. Elmo, Vandalia, Bingham, Brownstown, Farina, Ramsey, St. Peter.

Townships located in Fayette County include  Kaskaskia, LaClede, Bowling Green, Avena, Bear Grove, Carson, Ramsey, Pope, North Hurricane, Otego, Lone Grove, Loudon, South Hurricane, Sharon, Shafter, Sefton, Seminary, Vandalia, Wheatland, Wilberton.

Fayette County vital records can be found at the Illinois Department of Public Health has copies of birth, marriage, divorce and death records. There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Illinois for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Fayette County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also Order Electronically Online or can download an application for Illinois Birth CertificateMarriage CertificateDivorce CertificateDeath Certificate Applications to mail.

Fayette County consists of Federal Census Schedules to guide in looking into your family tree. Federal Population Schedules can be found for 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Fayette Co. Mortality Schedules can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Fayette Co. Industry and Agriculture can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Fayette Co. Union Veterans Schedules is available for 1890. One can find free online and printable census forms to help you with your research.

Fayette County Societies and Family History Resources

A list of Fayette County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Forums, Message Boards, Libraries, Archives.

Fayette County Courthouse and Government Records


Fayette County Courthouse

frequently fail to notice the significance of Fayette County court, probate, and land records data as a resource of family history and genealogy details. Buried away in Illinois courthouses and archives everywhere are the dreams and worries of the many Illinois people.

The chances are very good that your forefathers have left a detailed record of at least quite a few facets of their lives in the Fayette County court records. Even if your forefathers is not referred to in a Court case, take into account all of the other procedures which may have lead to her or him showing up in court records.

The below information and facts denotes whatever death, marriage, birth, land, wills, and legal records will be in Fayette County. The dates stated listed below tend to be the first noted documents for this particular county.

Remember to contact the clerk's office to determine hours, mailing address, fees and other specifics in advance of visiting or asking for information because of in some cases changing contact info. The Department Offices DO NOT DO RESEARCH. The records and documents are readily available to interested parties, barring private issues. Most staff will help people in finding the materials, but it's up to the person to perform the researching.
  • Fayette County Courthouse (all departments listed below are located here, unless otherwise noted)
    • Address: 221 S. 7th St., Vandalia, IL 62471
  • Fayette County Clerk & Recorder of Deeds maintains records and issues certificates of vital statistics (birth certificates, death certificates, and marriage certificates) for the entire County. The Recorder's duties are receiving, filing and maintaining all records related to real property in our county. These documents range from all types of conveyance deeds, mortgages, releases and assignments, property liens, as well as, assorted federal, state and local liens. The Recorder’s office is responsible for the recordation and storage of plats of subdivision, land surveys and monument records. Many other types of miscellaneous documents are recorded, such as; foreign birth certificates, foreign marriage licenses, and military discharge paperwork to name a few.
    • Phone: 618-283-5000
    • Marriage Records: 1821
    • Birth & Death Records: 1860 / 1877
    • Land Records: 1816
  • Fayette County Clerk of the Circuit Court, commonly known as the Circuit Clerk, is the keeper of the files and records of the Circuit Court. The Circuit Clerk's Office retains documents some of which include criminal law, chancery, support, probate, adoption, ect....
    • Phone: 618-283-5009
    • Probate Records: 1821
    • Court Records: 1821
  • Fayette County Treasurer's Office is responsible for the statutory duties required as County Treasurer and as Ex-Officio County Collector of Real Estate Property Taxes and Drainage District Taxes for the entire county.

Fayette County Links

The following are web links to Family history and genealogy, Records and Resources associated to Fayette County. These genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Commercial Sites, Private Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some require a cost. This is simply a collection that has been gathered or submitted. I do not recommend or promote one genealogy site over another. Feel free to provide your own preferred Fayette County genealogy or family history affiliated sites.

Fayette Co. IL Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Fayette Co. IL Books, Newspapers & Publications

Fayette Co. IL Birth, Marriage & Death Records

Fayette Co. IL Court, Probate Land and Tax Records

Fayette Co. IL Census Records

Fayette Co. IL Cemeteries & Graveyards

Fayette Co. IL Church & Bible Records

Fayette Co. IL Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Fayette Co. IL General and History Websites

Fayette Co. IL Military Records

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