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Fayette County, Illinois
Genealogy, History & Facts

Fayette County, Illinois Facts

Fayette County

When was Fayette County, IL Created?
Fayette County was established on February 14, 1821 from Bond County, Clark County, Crawford County and Jefferson County. This county was named for Marquis de la Fayette (1757–1834), French military officer who was a key factor in the American and French Revolutions. .

What is the County Seat of Fayette County, IL?
The County Seat is located in Vandalia (prior county seats was ) also, the county government website is .

What counties are adjacent to Fayette County, IL?
Bordering Counties are  Shelby County (northeast), Effingham County (east), Clay County (southeast), Marion County (south), Clinton County (southwest), Bond County (west), Montgomery County (northwest)

What cities and towns are in Fayette County, IL?
Cities and towns located in the County include  St. Elmo, Vandalia, Bingham, Brownstown, Farina, Ramsey, St. Peter.

What Townships are in Fayette County, IL?
Townships located in the County include Kaskaskia, LaClede, Bowling Green, Avena, Bear Grove, Carson, Ramsey, Pope, North Hurricane, Otego, Lone Grove, Loudon, South Hurricane, Sharon, Shafter, Sefton, Seminary, Vandalia, Wheatland, Wilberton.

Fayette County, IL Vital Records

Where can find Fayette County Birth, marriage, Divorce and Death Records?
Fayette County vital records can be found at the Illinois Department of Public Health has copies of birth, marriage, divorce and death records. There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Illinois for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Fayette County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also Order Electronically Online or can download an application for Illinois Birth CertificateMarriage CertificateDivorce CertificateDeath Certificate Applications to mail.

Fayette County, IL Census Records

What Fayette County, IL census records are available?
There are many types of census records for Fayette County guide you in researching your family tree. Federal Population Schedules are available for 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Fayette Co. Mortality Schedules can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Fayette Co. Industry and Agriculture can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Fayette Co. Union Veterans Schedules is available for 1890. One can find free online and printable census forms to help you with your research. See Also Illinois Census Records Research Guide

Fayette County, IL Courthouse and Government Records

Fayette County Courthouse

What genealogical records can I find in the Fayette County Courthouse?
The below facts shows exactly what death, marriage, birth, property, wills, and court records are typically in Fayette County. The years listed below are the first noted records with this county. See Also Illinois Corthouse Records Research Guide.

  • Fayette County Courthouse (all departments listed below are located here, unless otherwise noted)
    • Address: 221 S. 7th St., Vandalia, IL 62471
  • Fayette County Clerk & Recorder of Deeds maintains records and issues certificates of vital statistics (birth certificates, death certificates, and marriage certificates) for the entire County. The Recorder's duties are receiving, filing and maintaining all records related to real property in our county. These documents range from all types of conveyance deeds, mortgages, releases and assignments, property liens, as well as, assorted federal, state and local liens. The Recorder’s office is responsible for the recordation and storage of plats of subdivision, land surveys and monument records. Many other types of miscellaneous documents are recorded, such as; foreign birth certificates, foreign marriage licenses, and military discharge paperwork to name a few.
    • Phone: 618-283-5000
    • Marriage Records: 1821
    • Birth & Death Records: 1860 / 1877
    • Land Records: 1816
  • Fayette County Clerk of the Circuit Court, commonly known as the Circuit Clerk, is the keeper of the files and records of the Circuit Court. The Circuit Clerk's Office retains documents some of which include criminal law, chancery, support, probate, adoption, ect....
    • Phone: 618-283-5009
    • Probate Records: 1821
    • Court Records: 1821
  • Fayette County Treasurer's Office is responsible for the statutory duties required as County Treasurer and as Ex-Officio County Collector of Real Estate Property Taxes and Drainage District Taxes for the entire county.
  • The county archives of the state of Illinois
  • Local Government Records Database - provides a listing of the local governmental records held by the Illinois Regional Archives Depository (IRAD) system
  • BLM Land Records

Fayette County, IL Societies and Family History Resources

What genealogical and historical societies, archives, museums, associations and libraries are available for Fayette County, IL?
A list of Fayette County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Libraries, Archives. See also list of Statewide Illinois Archives, Historical & Genealogical Societies.

Where can I connect with other Fayette County, IL Researchers through message boards and forums?

What other genealogical resources are available in Fayette County, IL?
The following are web links to Genealogy, Records and Resources pertaining to Fayette County. These genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Commercial Sites, Private Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some require a cost. This is simply a collection that has been gathered or submitted. I do not recommend or promote one genealogy site over another.

Fayette Co. IL Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Fayette Co. IL Books, Newspapers & Publications

Fayette Co. IL Cemeteries & Church Records

Fayette Co. IL Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Fayette Co. IL General and History Websites

Fayette Co. IL Military Records

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