Cumberland County, Illinois

Cumberland County

Cumberland County was founded on March 2, 1843 from Coles County. This county was named for the Cumberland road, named in its turn from the town Cumberland, Maryland, which derived its name from the mountain range of the same name adopted, presumably, from the Cumberland mountains of Great Britain.

The Cumberland County Seat is located in Toledo aka Prairie City until 1874 (prior county seats was Greenup from 1843-1855) also, the county government website is www.cumberlandco.org .

Areas bordering to Cumberland County are  Coles County (north), Clark County (east), Jasper County (south), Effingham County (southwest), Shelby County (west)

Cities, Towns & Villages located in Cumberland County include  Neoga, Casey, Greenup, Jewett, Montrose, Toledo, Hazel Dell, Walla Walla, Dees.

Townships located in Cumberland County include  Greenup, Crooked Creek, Cottonwood, Neoga, Spring Point, Union, Sumpter, Woodbury.

Cumberland County vital records can be found at the Illinois Department of Public Health has copies of birth, marriage, divorce and death records. There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Illinois for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Cumberland County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also Order Electronically Online or can download an application for Illinois Birth CertificateMarriage CertificateDivorce CertificateDeath Certificate Applications to mail.

Cumberland County consists of Federal Census Schedules to guide in looking into your family tree. Federal Population Schedules can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Cumberland Co. Mortality Schedules can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Cumberland Co. Industry and Agriculture can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Cumberland Co. Union Veterans Schedules is available for 1890. One can find free online and printable census forms to help you with your research.

Cumberland County Societies and Family History Resources

A list of Cumberland County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Forums, Message Boards, Libraries, Archives.

Cumberland County Courthouse and Government Records


Cumberland County Courthouse

frequently fail to notice the significance of Cumberland County court, probate, and land records data as a resource of family history and genealogy details. Buried away in Illinois courthouses and archives everywhere are the dreams and worries of the many Illinois people.

The chances are very good that your forefathers have left a detailed record of at least quite a few facets of their lives in the Cumberland County court records. Even if your forefathers is not referred to in a Court case, take into account all of the other procedures which may have lead to her or him showing up in court records.

The following indicates what vital, land, probate, and court records are in Cumberland county. The dates indicated below are the first known records for this county which may include records of land, estates, taxes, vital records, divorces, naturalizations, court records, and so forth. Total record loss (1843–1885) due to a Fire on November 5, 1885

Remember to contact the clerk's office to determine hours, mailing address, fees and other specifics in advance of visiting or asking for information because of in some cases changing contact info. The Department Offices DO NOT DO RESEARCH. The records and documents are readily available to interested parties, barring private issues. Most staff will help people in finding the materials, but it's up to the person to perform the researching.
  • Cumberland County Courthouse (all departments listed below are located here, unless otherwise noted)
    • Address: 140 Courthouse Square/Box 146, Toledo, IL 62468
  • Cumberland County Clerk & Recorder of Deeds maintains records and issues certificates of vital statistics (birth certificates, death certificates, and marriage certificates) for the entire County. The Recorder's duties are receiving, filing and maintaining all records related to real property in our county. These documents range from all types of conveyance deeds, mortgages, releases and assignments, property liens, as well as, assorted federal, state and local liens. The Recorder’s office is responsible for the recordation and storage of plats of subdivision, land surveys and monument records. Many other types of miscellaneous documents are recorded, such as; foreign birth certificates, foreign marriage licenses, and military discharge paperwork to name a few.
    • Phone: 217-849-2631
    • Marriage Records: 1880
    • Birth & Death Records: 1885 / 1844
    • Land Records: 1885
  • Cumberland County Clerk of the Circuit Court, commonly known as the Circuit Clerk, is the keeper of the files and records of the Circuit Court. The Circuit Clerk's Office retains documents some of which include criminal law, chancery, support, probate, adoption, ect....
    • Phone: 217-849-3601 
    • Probate Records: 1884
    • Court Records: 1885
  • Cumberland County Treasurer's Office is responsible for the statutory duties required as County Treasurer and as Ex-Officio County Collector of Real Estate Property Taxes and Drainage District Taxes for the entire county.

Cumberland County Links

The following are web links to Family history and genealogy, Records and Resources associated to Cumberland County. These genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Commercial Sites, Private Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some require a cost. This is simply a collection that has been gathered or submitted. I do not recommend or promote one genealogy site over another. Feel free to provide your own preferred Cumberland County genealogy or family history affiliated sites.

Cumberland Co. IL Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Cumberland Co. IL Books, Newspapers & Publications

Cumberland Co. IL Birth, Marriage & Death Records

Cumberland Co. IL Court, Probate Land and Tax Records

Cumberland Co. IL Census Records

Cumberland Co. IL Cemeteries & Graveyards

Cumberland Co. IL Church & Bible Records

Cumberland Co. IL Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Cumberland Co. IL General and History Websites

Cumberland Co. IL Military Records

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