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Monroe County, Florida

Monroe County

Monroe County was created on July 3, 1823 from Saint Johns County. This county was named for James Monroe (1758–1831), fifth President of the United States.

The Monroe County Seat is located in Key West also, the county government website is

Areas bordering to Monroe County are Collier County (north), Miami-Dade County (northeast).

Incorporated Cities and Towns located in Monroe County include Key West, Marathon, Key Colony Beach, Layton, Islamorada.

Monroe County vital records can be found at the Florida Office of Vital Records which has copies of Birth & Deaths reported 1917 to present and Divorce & Marriages since June 6, 1927. There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Florida for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Monroe County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also Order Electronically Online or can download an application for Florida Birth Certificate, Marriage Certificate, Divorce Certificate, Death Certificate Application to mail.

Monroe County consists of Federal Census Schedules to guide in looking into your family tree. Federal Population Schedules can be found for 1830 (as Florida Territory), 1840 (as Florida Territory), 1850, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Monroe Co. Mortality Schedules can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Monroe Co. Industry and Agriculture can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Monroe Co. Union Veterans Schedules is available for 1890. The Slave Schedules exist for 1850 & 1860. One can find free online and printable census forms to help you with your research.

Monroe Co. Historical Events (published in 1944):

  • Key West, the county seat, was a thriving port and the largest city in Florida before the Civil War.
  • Fort Jefferson, on the Dry Tortugas, was the place of imprisonment of Dr. Mudd who had set the broken leg of John Wilkes Booth after the latter had assassinated Abraham Lincoln.
  • Key West became a naval base in 1822 and was of great importance during the Civil War, the Spanish American War, first World War and again in the second World War.
  • It is a most interesting city with its ancient houses-, its "Turtle crawls" and its tropical vegetation.
  • It is reached by buses, Trucks: and passenger cars over a highway running from Florida's mainland over a series of long and narrow keys connected by bridges, the center of one bridge being out of sight of land.
  • John W. Simonton purchased island of Key West from Don Juan de Estrada, original grantee, December 21, 1821.
  • Florida's first democratic primary held in Monroe County 1876.

Monroe County Societies and Family History Resources

A list of Monroe County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Forums, Message Boards, Libraries, Archives.

Monroe County Courthouse and Government Records

Monroe County Courthouse

Researchers often fail to notice the importance of Monroe County court, probate, and land documents as a source of family history and genealogy information and facts. Hidden away in Florida courthouses and archives everywhere tend to be the desires and worries of the many Florida residents.

The chances are great that your chosen ancestors have left a detailed record of at least a number of factors of their lives in the Monroe County court records. Even if your forefathers is not referred to in a Court case, take into consideration all of the other methods which could have lead to her or him to appear in court records.

The following indicates what vital, land, probate, and court records are in Monroe county. The date listed for each category of record is usually the earliest registration filed. The earliest date does not indicate that there are numerous records for that year and does not mean that all such events were actually registered.

Make sure you call the clerk's department to confirm hours, mailing address, fees and other details before visiting or inquiring about information because of in some cases changing contact details. The Department Offices DO NOT DO RESEARCH. The records are available to interested parties, barring confidential issues. A lot of employees will assist individuals in obtaining the materials, but it is up to the person to undertake the researching.
  • Monroe County Courthouse (all departments listed below are located here, unless otherwise noted)
    • Address: P.O. Box 1980, Key West, FL 33040 or 500 Whitehead Street, Key West, FL 33040
  • Monroe County Clerk of the Circuit Court / County Clerk is custodian of all records of all predecessor courts, whether justice of the peace, city, county, probate, civil, or criminal.
    • Phone: (305) 294-4641 ext. 3314
    • Marriage Records: 1826
    • Land Records: 1826
    • Probate Records: 1888 
    • Court Records: ?
  • Monroe County Tax Collector collects all real estate taxes including postponed and delinquent, all county revenues in addition to the research and issue tax deed applications. Our department is the holder of tax records and assessed values.
  • Monroe County Health Department has copies of Birth & Death certificates. Also has computer access from 1917 to present for birth records for the entire state as well as births that occurred in this county.

Monroe County Links

The following are links to Family history and genealogy, Records and Resources relevant to Monroe County. A lot of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Business oriented Sites, Private Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some require a fee. This is just a directory which has been collected or submitted. I do not endorse or promote one genealogy site over another. Feel free to submit your own preferred Monroe County genealogy or family history affiliated sites.

Monroe Co. FL Books, Newspapers & Publications

Monroe Co. FL Birth, Marriage & Death Records

Monroe Co. FL Court, Probate Land and Tax Records

Monroe Co. FL Census Records

Monroe Co. FL Cemeteries & Graveyards

Monroe Co. FL Church & Bible Records

Monroe Co. FL Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Monroe Co. FL General and History Websites

Monroe Co. FL Immigration & Naturalization

Monroe Co. FL Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Monroe Co. FL Military Records

Monroe Co. FL Schools & Directories

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