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Leon County, Florida

Leon County

Leon County was created on December 29, 1824 from Gadsden County. This county was named for Juan Ponce de León (1474–1521), Spanish explorer who named Florida.

The Leon County Seat is located in Tallahassee also, the county government website is

Areas bordering to Leon County are Gadsden County (west), Jefferson County (east) Liberty County (west).

Incorporated Cities and Towns located in Leon County include Tallahassee.

Leon County vital records can be found at the Florida Office of Vital Records which has copies of Birth & Deaths reported 1917 to present and Divorce & Marriages since June 6, 1927. There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Florida for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Leon County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also Order Electronically Online or can download an application for Florida Birth Certificate, Marriage Certificate, Divorce Certificate, Death Certificate Application to mail.

Leon County consists of Federal Census Schedules to guide in looking into your family tree. Federal Population Schedules can be found for 1830 (as Florida Territory), 1840 (as Florida Territory), 1850, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Leon Co. Mortality Schedules can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Leon Co. Industry and Agriculture can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Leon Co. Union Veterans Schedules is available for 1890. The Slave Schedules exist for 1850 & 1860. One can find free online and printable census forms to help you with your research.

Leon Co. Historical Events (published in 1944):

  • It was inhabited by Apalachee Indians in early colonial days and they were great hunters and fishermen and fierce warriors.
  • Spanish missions were established here and much commerce was carried on with the settlement at St. Augustine.
  • In 1704 an English expedition from South Carolina destroyed these flourishing settlements and plantations.
  • Later, in 1818, the natives here were chastised by the American forces of Andrew Jackson for having made British instigated raids on Georgia. He crossed the Ocklockonee River at what is now known as Jackson's Bluff-an electric power plant is located there.
  • In 1824 Tallahassee became the territorial capital and a log statehouse erected on the Southeast corner of the present capitol square. The name of this settlement had already been fixed by Indian inhabitants.
    Natural Bridge is just south of Tallahassee and was the scene of a Confederate victory in 1865. Tallahassee was the only southern capital not captured during the entire Civil War. The region suffered during reconstruction but prospered later.
  • Florida State College for Women and Florida Agricultural and Mechanical College for Negroes are located in Tallahassee, and also the State Supreme Court.
  • DeSoto and his men wintered in Tallahassee or immediate vicinity October 25, 1539, to March 2, 1540.
  • One night in July, 1839, Mr. Green Chairs, his wife and six children were attacked by Indians five miles southeast of Tallahassee. Mrs. Chairs was shot dead. Mr. Chairs, a grown daughter and three children escaped in the darkness. Two young children were burned alive. Niles' National Register, August 10, 1839.

Leon County Societies and Family History Resources

A list of Leon County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Forums, Message Boards, Libraries, Archives.

Leon County Courthouse and Government Records

Leon County Courthouse

Researchers often fail to notice the importance of Leon County court, probate, and land documents as a source of family history and genealogy information and facts. Hidden away in Florida courthouses and archives everywhere tend to be the desires and worries of the many Florida residents.

The chances are great that your chosen ancestors have left a detailed record of at least a number of factors of their lives in the Leon County court records. Even if your forefathers is not referred to in a Court case, take into consideration all of the other methods which could have lead to her or him to appear in court records.

The following indicates what vital, land, probate, and court records are in Leon county. The date listed for each category of record is usually the earliest registration filed. The earliest date does not indicate that there are numerous records for that year and does not mean that all such events were actually registered.

Make sure you call the clerk's department to confirm hours, mailing address, fees and other details before visiting or inquiring about information because of in some cases changing contact details. The Department Offices DO NOT DO RESEARCH. The records are available to interested parties, barring confidential issues. A lot of employees will assist individuals in obtaining the materials, but it is up to the person to undertake the researching.
  • Leon County Courthouse (all departments listed below are located here, unless otherwise noted)
    • Address: P.O. Box 726, Tallahassee, FL 32302 or 301 South Monroe Street, Tallahassee, FL 32301
  • Leon County Clerk of the Circuit Court / County Clerk is custodian of all records of all predecessor courts, whether justice of the peace, city, county, probate, civil, or criminal.
    • Phone: (850) 577-4000
    • Marriage Records: 1825
    • Land Records: 1825
    • Probate Records: 1824 
    • Court Records: 1825
  • Leon County Tax Collector collects all real estate taxes including postponed and delinquent, all county revenues in addition to the research and issue tax deed applications. Our department is the holder of tax records and assessed values.
  • Leon County Health Department has copies of Birth & Death certificates. Also has computer access from 1917 to present for birth records for the entire state as well as births that occurred in this county.

Leon County Links

The following are links to Family history and genealogy, Records and Resources relevant to Leon County. A lot of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Business oriented Sites, Private Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some require a fee. This is just a directory which has been collected or submitted. I do not endorse or promote one genealogy site over another. Feel free to submit your own preferred Leon County genealogy or family history affiliated sites.

Leon Co. FL Books, Newspapers & Publications

Leon Co. FL Birth, Marriage & Death Records

Leon Co. FL Court, Probate Land and Tax Records

Leon Co. FL Census Records

Leon Co. FL Cemeteries & Graveyards

Leon Co. FL Church & Bible Records

Leon Co. FL Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Leon Co. FL General and History Websites

Leon Co. FL Immigration & Naturalization

Leon Co. FL Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Leon Co. FL Military Records

Leon Co. FL Schools & Directories

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