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Solano County, California

Solano County

Solano County was founded on February 18, 1850 as one of the original 27 counties . This county was named indirectly from that of the Franciscan missionary, Father Francisco Solano, whose name was given in baptism to the chief of one of the Indian tribes of the region. Before receiving the name Solano, the chief was called Sem-yeto, which signifies “brave or fierce hand.” At the request of General Mariano Vallejo, the county was named for Chief Solano, who at one time ruled over most of the land and tribes between the Petaluma Creek and the Sacramento River.

The Solano County Seat is located in Fairfield also, the county government website is

Areas bordering to Solano County are Contra Costa County (south), Sonoma County (west), Napa County (west), Yolo County (north), Sacramento County (east) .

Cities and towns located in Solano County include Benicia, Dixon, Fairfield, Rio Vista, Suisun City, Vacaville, Vallejo .

Other Communities in Solano County include Collinsville. CDPs ( census-designated place) include Elmira, Green Valley

Since its creation Solano County boundries have changed to include these:

  1. Most of the territory has been in Solano County since 1850.
  2. Mare Island, in Sonoma County from 1850 to 1853 was then added to Solano County.
  3. Territory which at one time was in Solano County is now in Napa County and Yolo County

Solano County vital records can be found at the California Office of Vital Records has copies of birth, marriage, divorce and death records. There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in California for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Solano County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also Order Electronically Online or can download an application for California Birth Certificate, Marriage or Divorce Certificate, Death Certificate Applications to mail.

Solano County consists of Federal Census Schedules to guide in looking into your family tree. Federal Population Schedules can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940.

Solano Co. Mortality Schedules can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Solano Co. Industry and Agriculture can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Solano Co. Union Veterans Schedules is available for 1890. One can find free online and printable census forms to help you with your research.

Solano County Societies and Family History Resources

A list of Solano County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Forums, Message Boards, Libraries, Archives.

Solano County Courthouse and Government Records

Solano County Courthouse

Researchers often overlook the advantages of Solano County court, probate, and land files as a useful resource of genealogical details. Hidden away in California courthouses and archives everywhere tend to be the dreams and frustrations of the many California inhabitants.

The possibilities are great that your potential forefathers have left a detailed document of at least a number of facets of their lives in the Solano County court records. Even if your ancestors is not mentioned in a Court case, contemplate all of the other methods that could have lead to her or him showing up in court records.

Courthouse History - Solano's first courthouse, in Benicia, was used as the State Capitol in 1853 and 1854 before the Legislature moved to Sacramento. Four years later, the county government left Benicia for Fairfield, where a new courthouse was built in 1860. The building and its additions served the county until 1911, when an overcrowded jail and offices forced construction of a new building. A classical, granite courthouse was built on the same site. In 1970, the county converted a high school into a new Hall of Justice and the courts vacated the old building, which is still in use as county offices.

Some counties encompass land settled in the eighteenth century; their records pre-date county formation. Land transactions and vital records recorded in the county are at the county recorder's office. The county clerk general has probate books and files from the county's superior court, civil court records, and naturalizations. Divorces may be in either place, depending on how filed.

The following facts indicates whatever marriage, birth, death, land, wills, and court records will be in Solano County. The years indicated below are considered the first widely known records for this county. Land was added from Mare Island in Solano County in 1853.

Remember to get in touch with the clerk's dept to verify hours, mailing address, fees and other specifics prior to visiting or seeking information because of in some cases changing contact details. The Department Offices DO NOT DO RESEARCH. The data files are readily available to interested parties, barring private issues. A good number of employees will assist persons in obtaining the materials, but it's up to the person to do the research.
  • Solano County Courthouse (all departments listed below are located here, unless otherwise noted)
  • Solano County Recorder-Clerk is s responsible for examination and recording of all documents presented for recording that deal with establishing ownership of land in the County or as required by statute; administers the real property transfer tax law and maintains a permanent record and indexes of all documents for public viewing plus providing certified copies requested by the public; recording of all lawful documents such as deeds, deeds of trust, judgments, liens, affidavits, Uniform Commercial Code Financial Statements, etc; and the filing of Births, Deaths, and Marriages.
    • Address: 675 Texas Street, Suite 2700 , Fairfield, CA 94533
    • Phone: (707) 784-6294
    • Birth / Death Records: 1873
    • Marriage Records: 1850
    • Land Records: 1848
  • Solano County Clerk of Superior Court has probate books and files from the county's superior court, civil court records, and naturalizations. Divorces may be here or in the Recorders Office, depending on how it was filed.
    • Probate Records: 1850 
    • Court Records: 1850 
  • Solano County County Treasurer / Tax Collector
  • Local Registrar of Births and Deaths, 275 Beck Avenue, MS 5-185, Fairfield, CA 94533-0677

Solano County Links

The following are web links to Genealogy, Records and Resources relevant to Solano County. A majority of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Business Sites, Private Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some require a payment. This is basically a listing which has been gathered or submitted. I do not recommend or promote one genealogy site above another. Feel free to suggest your own preferred Solano County genealogy or family history associated sites.

Solano Co. CA Books, Newspapers & Publications

Solano Co. CA Birth, Marriage & Death Records

Solano Co. CA Court, Probate Land and Tax Records

Solano Co. CA Census Records

Solano Co. CA Cemeteries & Graveyards

Solano Co. CA Church & Bible Records

Solano Co. CA Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Solano Co. CA General and History Websites

Solano Co. CA Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Solano Co. CA Military Records

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