Jefferson County, Arkansas
Genealogy and Facts

Jefferson County was created on November 2, 1829 and was formed from Arkansas County and Pulaski County. Parts of Jefferson County was used to form the following counties: Cleveland 1873, Grant 1869, Lincoln 1871. Other county boundry changes occured when Boundaries defined 3 November 1831 and 29 October 1836, lines changed with Lincoln and Desha 20 March 1879 and with Arkansas 25 February 1889. The county was named in honor of Thomas Jefferson (1743–1826), 3rd President of the United States.

Currently the Jefferson County Seat can be found in Pine Bluff and in addition the county government website is www.arcounties.org/

Areas next to Jefferson County happen to be Pulaski County (northwest), Lonoke County (north), Arkansas County (east), Lincoln County (southeast), Cleveland County (southwest), Grant County (west).

Cities and towns located in Jefferson County consist of Altheimer, Humphrey, Pine Bluff, Redfield, Sherrill, Wabbaseka, White Hall.

Jefferson County vital records can be obtained from the Arkansas Deptartment of Health has Birth & Death records since February 1, 1914, Marriage Records since January 1917 and Divorce Records since January 1923. You may go to the Jefferson County health department to obtain a Birth or Death certificates which can be issued while you wait. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Arkansas for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Jefferson County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also order Order Electronically Online or you can download an application for copies of Jefferson Co. Birth CertificatesMarriage CertificatesDivorce CertificatesDeath Certificates  to mail.

Jefferson County does have Federal Census Schedules to assist in finding out about your family tree. Government Population Schedules are present for 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930 and 1940.

Jefferson Co. Slave Schedules can be acquired for 1850 & 1860. Jefferson Co. Mortality Schedules can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Jefferson Co. Industry and Agriculture Schedules can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Jefferson Co. Union Veterans Schedules can be acquired for 1890. You'll find free online and also printable census forms to help with your research.

Jefferson County Societies and Family History Resources

A list of Jefferson County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Forums, Message Boards, Libraries, Archives. See Also Arkansas Archives, Genealogical and Historical Societies for statewide Addresses and links.

Jefferson County Courthouse and Government Records

Researchers typically forget the advantages of Jefferson County court, probate, and land files as a source of ancestry and genealogy information and facts. Hidden away in Arkansas courthouses and archives everywhere tend to be the desires and worries of the many Arkansas men and women. The possibilities are very good that your particular ancestors have left a in-depth record of at least quite a few elements of their lives in the Jefferson County court records. Even if your forebears is not discussed in a Court case, take into account all of the other methods which often can have lead to him or her showing up in court records.

The following details shows exactly what death, marriage, birth,, property, probate, and court records will be in Jefferson County. The years pointed out below tend to be the first recognized records data for this particular county.

All County Offices Records are located in the Courthouse at 101 East Barraque Street, Pine Bluff 71601; 870-541-5360, unless otherwise noted. Most records are extant from 1830.

I highly recommend you contact the clerk's office to identify hours, mailing address, fees and other specifics before visiting or requesting information because of from time to time changing contact info. The Department Offices DO NOT DO RESEARCH. The data files are readily available to interested parties, barring private issues. Many staff will assist people in locating the resources, however it's up to the man or women to perform the basic research.
  • Jefferson County Clerk of Circuit Court is the clerk of the circuit, chancery court, and juvenile court and usually acts as the ex-officio recorder of Jefferson county. The duties of the clerk are to maintain a record of all proceedings of the circuit, chancery and juvenile courts and to prepare the dockets for courts in Jefferson County. They are also the ex-officio Jefferson county recorder; and is responsible for recording deeds, mortgages, liens, and surety bonds, and many other orders and instruments which involve property within Jefferson county.
    • Phone: (870) 541-5304
    • Court Records: 1830
    • Land Records: 1830
    • Divorce Records: are maintained among the equity records (Divorces issued prior to 1950 are located here. Divorces issued after 1950 can be found  at the Arkansas Department of Public Health)
  • Jefferson County Clerk , as clerk to the probate court, the clerk files all instruments making them a matter of record in descendent estate cases, and swears in all witnesses in contested estates. The clerk, also in this capacity, maintains all records relative to adoptions and guardianship cases within Jefferson county.
    • Phone: (870) 541-5322
    • Marriage Records: 1830
    • Probate Records: 1829
  • Jefferson County Assessor's Office maintains County tax records. These records are usually arranged by legal description and are not indexed.
    • Phone: (870) 541-5334

Jefferson County Genealogy Links

The following are web links to Genealogy and family history, Records and Resources associated to Jefferson County. A lot of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Professional Sites, Private Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some have to have a cost. This is merely a list which has been compiled or submitted. I do not recommend or promote one genealogy site above another. Feel free to submit your own preferred Jefferson County genealogy or family history affiliated sites.

Jefferson Co. AR Books, Newspapers & Publications

Jefferson Co. AR Birth, Marriage & Death Records

Jefferson Co. AR Court, Probate Land and Tax Records

Jefferson Co. AR Census Records

Jefferson Co. AR Cemeteries & Graveyards

Jefferson Co. AR Church & Bible Records

Jefferson Co. AR Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Jefferson Co. AR General and History Websites

Jefferson Co. AR Immigration & Naturalization

Jefferson Co. AR Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Jefferson Co. AR Military Records

Jefferson Co. AR Schools & Directories

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