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Hempstead County, Arkansas
Genealogy, History & Facts

Hempstead County, Arkansas Facts

When was Hempstead County, AR Created?
Hempstead County was established on December 15, 1818 and was formed from Arkansas County (Hempstead is one of the original five counties created by the Missouri legislature). Parts of Hempstead County was used to form the following counties: Columbia 1852, Howard 1873, Lafayette 1827, Little River 1867, Nevada 1871, Old Miller 1820, Pike 1833, Saline 1835, Sevier 1828, Union 1829. Other county boundry changes occured when Line with Pike defined 14 December 1838, and with Pike and Sevier 17 April 1873. The county was named in honor of Edward Hempstead (1780–1817), Delegate to the U.S. House of Representatives from the Missouri Territory.

What is the County Seat of Hempstead County, AR?
The County Seat is located in Hope(The county seat originated at Washington until it moved to Hope) and in addition the county government website is

What counties are adjacent to Hempstead County, AR?
Bordering Counties are Pike County (north), Nevada County (east), Lafayette County (south), Miller County (southwest), Little River County (west), Howard County (northwest).

What cities and towns are in Hempstead County, AR?
Cities and towns located in the County include Blevins, Fulton, Hope, McCaskill, McNab, Oakhaven, Ozan, Patmos, Perrytown, Washington, Springhill.

Hempstead County, AR Vital Records

Where can find Hempstead County Birth, marriage, Divorce and Death Records?
Hempstead County vital records can be found at the Arkansas Deptartment of Health has Birth & Death records since February 1, 1914, Marriage Records since January 1917 and Divorce Records since January 1923. You may go to the Hempstead County health department to obtain a Birth or Death certificates which can be issued while you wait. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Arkansas for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Hempstead County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also order Order Electronically Online or you can download an application for copies of Hempstead Co. Birth CertificatesMarriage CertificatesDivorce CertificatesDeath Certificates  to mail.

Hempstead County, AR Census Records

What Hempstead County, AR census records are available?
There are many types of census records for Hempstead County guide you in researching your family tree. Federal Population Schedules are available for 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930 and 1940.

Hempstead Co. Slave Schedules can be acquired for 1850 & 1860. Hempstead Co. Mortality Schedules can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Hempstead Co. Industry and Agriculture Schedules can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Hempstead Co. Union Veterans Schedules can be acquired for 1890. You'll find free online and also printable census forms to help you with your research. See Also Arkansas Census Records Research Guide

Hempstead County, AR Courthouse and Government Records

Hempstead County Courthouse

What genealogical records can I find in the Hempstead County Courthouse?
The below facts shows exactly what death, marriage, birth, property, wills, and court records are typically in Hempstead County. The years listed below are the first noted records with this county. See Also Arkansas Corthouse Records Research Guide.

All County Offices Records are located in the Courthouse at ?, unless otherwise noted. 

  • Hempstead County Clerk of Circuit Court is the clerk of the circuit, chancery court, and juvenile court and usually acts as the ex-officio recorder of Hempstead county. The duties of the clerk are to maintain a record of all proceedings of the circuit, chancery and juvenile courts and to prepare the dockets for courts in Hempstead County. They are also the ex-officio Hempstead county recorder; and is responsible for recording deeds, mortgages, liens, and surety bonds, and many other orders and instruments which involve property within Hempstead county.
    • Phone: (870) 777-2384
    • Court Records: 1819
    • Land Records: 1816
    • Divorce Records: are maintained among the equity records (Divorces issued prior to 1950 are located here. Divorces issued after 1950 can be found  at the Arkansas Department of Public Health)
  • Hempstead County Clerk, as clerk to the probate court, the clerk files all instruments making them a matter of record in descendent estate cases, and swears in all witnesses in contested estates. The clerk, also in this capacity, maintains all records relative to adoptions and guardianship cases within Hempstead county.
    • Phone: (870) 777-2241
    • Marriage Records: 1820 
    • Probate Records: 1826
  • Hempstead County Assessor's Office maintains County tax records. These records are usually arranged by legal description and are not indexed.
    • Phone: (870) 777-6190
  • BLM Land Records

Hempstead County, AR Societies and Family History Resources

What genealogical and historical societies, archives, museums, associations and libraries are available for Hempstead County, AR?
A list of Hempstead County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Libraries, Archives. See also list of Statewide Arkansas Archives, Historical & Genealogical Societies.

Where can I connect with other Hempstead County, AR Researchers through message boards and forums?

What other genealogical resources are available in Hempstead County, AR?
The following are web links to Genealogy, Records and Resources pertaining to Hempstead County. A lot of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Professional Sites, Private Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some have to have a cost. This is merely a list which has been compiled or submitted. I do not recommend or promote one genealogy site above another.

Hempstead Co. AR Books, Newspapers & Publications

Hempstead Co. AR Cemeteries & Church Records

Hempstead Co. AR Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Hempstead Co. AR General and History Websites

Hempstead Co. AR Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Hempstead Co. AR Military Records

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