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Columbia County, Arkansas

Columbia County was created on December 17, 1852 and was formed from LaFayette County, Hempstead County, Ouachita County and Union County. Parts of Columbia County was used to form Nevada in 1871. Other county boundry changes occured when Part of Union annexed 21 December 1858, line with Nevada defined 19 April 1873, part annexed to Lafayette 29 April 1901. The county was named in honor of Columbia, a female personification of the United States.

Currently the Columbia County Seat can be found in Magnolia and in addition the county government website is

Areas next to Columbia County happen to be Nevada County (north), Ouachita County (northeast), Union County (east), Claiborne Parish, Louisiana (southeast), Webster Parish, Louisiana (south), Lafayette County (west)

Cities and towns located in Columbia County consist of Emerson, Magnolia, McNeil, Taylor, Waldo.

Columbia County vital records can be obtained from the Arkansas Deptartment of Health has Birth & Death records since February 1, 1914, Marriage Records since January 1917 and Divorce Records since January 1923. You may go to the Columbia County health department to obtain a Birth or Death certificates which can be issued while you wait. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Arkansas for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Columbia County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also order Order Electronically Online or you can download an application for copies of Columbia Co. Birth CertificatesMarriage CertificatesDivorce CertificatesDeath Certificates  to mail.

Columbia County does have Federal Census Schedules to assist in finding out about your family tree. Government Population Schedules are present for 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930 and 1940.

Columbia Co. Slave Schedules can be acquired for 1860. Columbia Co. Mortality Schedules can be obtained for 1860, 1870 and 1880. Columbia Co. Industry and Agriculture Schedules can be obtained for 1860, 1870 and 1880. Columbia Co. Union Veterans Schedules can be acquired for 1890. You'll find free online and also printable census forms to help with your research.

Columbia County Societies and Family History Resources

A list of Columbia County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Forums, Message Boards, Libraries, Archives. See Also Arkansas Archives, Genealogical and Historical Societies for statewide Addresses and links.

Columbia County Courthouse and Government Records

Researchers typically forget the advantages of Columbia County court, probate, and land files as a source of ancestry and genealogy information and facts. Hidden away in Arkansas courthouses and archives everywhere tend to be the desires and worries of the many Arkansas men and women. The possibilities are very good that your particular ancestors have left a in-depth record of at least quite a few elements of their lives in the Columbia County court records. Even if your forebears is not discussed in a Court case, take into account all of the other methods which often can have lead to him or her showing up in court records.

The following details shows exactly what death, marriage, birth,, property, probate, and court records will be in Columbia County. The years pointed out below tend to be the first recognized records data for this particular county.

All County Offices Records are located in the Courthouse at #1 Court Square, Magnolia 71753; 870-234-2542, unless otherwise noted.

  • Columbia County Clerk of Circuit Court is the clerk of the circuit, chancery court, and juvenile court and usually acts as the ex-officio recorder of Columbia county. The duties of the clerk are to maintain a record of all proceedings of the circuit, chancery and juvenile courts and to prepare the dockets for courts in Columbia County. They are also the ex-officio Columbia county recorder; and is responsible for recording deeds, mortgages, liens, and surety bonds, and many other orders and instruments which involve property within Columbia county.
    • Phone: (870) 235-3700
    • Court Records: 1853
    • Land Records: 1853
    • Divorce Records: are maintained among the equity records (Divorces issued prior to 1950 are located here. Divorces issued after 1950 can be found  at the Arkansas Department of Public Health)
  • Columbia County Clerk, as clerk to the probate court, the clerk files all instruments making them a matter of record in descendent estate cases, and swears in all witnesses in contested estates. The clerk, also in this capacity, maintains all records relative to adoptions and guardianship cases within Columbia county.
    • Phone: 870-235-3774
    • Marriage Records:1853 
    • Probate Records:1853
  • Columbia County Assessor's Office maintains County tax records. These records are usually arranged by legal description and are not indexed.
    • Phone: 870-234-4380

Columbia County Genealogy Links

The following are web links to Genealogy and family history, Records and Resources associated to Columbia County. A lot of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Professional Sites, Private Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some have to have a cost. This is merely a list which has been compiled or submitted. I do not recommend or promote one genealogy site above another. Feel free to submit your own preferred Columbia County genealogy or family history affiliated sites.

Columbia Co. AR Books, Newspapers & Publications

Columbia Co. AR Birth, Marriage & Death Records

Columbia Co. AR Court, Probate Land and Tax Records

Columbia Co. AR Census Records

Columbia Co. AR Cemeteries & Graveyards

Columbia Co. AR Church & Bible Records

Columbia Co. AR Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Columbia Co. AR General and History Websites

Columbia Co. AR Immigration & Naturalization

Columbia Co. AR Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Columbia Co. AR Military Records

Columbia Co. AR Schools & Directories

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