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Columbia County, Arkansas
Genealogy, History & Facts

Columbia County, Arkansas Facts

When was Columbia County, AR Created?
Columbia County was established on December 17, 1852 and was formed from LaFayette County, Hempstead County, Ouachita County and Union County. Parts of Columbia County was used to form Nevada in 1871. Other county boundry changes occured when Part of Union annexed 21 December 1858, line with Nevada defined 19 April 1873, part annexed to Lafayette 29 April 1901. The county was named in honor of Columbia, a female personification of the United States.

What is the County Seat of Columbia County, AR?
The County Seat is located in Magnolia and in addition the county government website is

What counties are adjacent to Columbia County, AR?
Bordering Counties are Nevada County, Ouachita County, Union County, Claiborne Parish, Louisiana, Webster Parish, Louisiana, Lafayette County

What cities and towns are in Columbia County, AR?
Cities and towns located in the County include Emerson, Magnolia, McNeil, Taylor, Waldo.

Columbia County, AR Vital Records

Where can find Columbia County Birth, marriage, Divorce and Death Records?
Columbia County vital records can be found at the Arkansas Deptartment of Health has Birth & Death records since February 1, 1914, Marriage Records since January 1917 and Divorce Records since January 1923. You may go to the Columbia County health department to obtain a Birth or Death certificates which can be issued while you wait. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Arkansas for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Columbia County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also order Order Electronically Online or you can download an application for copies of Columbia Co. Birth CertificatesMarriage CertificatesDivorce CertificatesDeath Certificates  to mail.

Columbia County, AR Census Records

What Columbia County, AR census records are available?
There are many types of census records for Columbia County guide you in researching your family tree. Federal Population Schedules are available for 1860, 1870, 1880 (free index), 1890 (fragment), 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930 and 1940.

Columbia Co. Slave Schedules can be acquired for 1860. Columbia Co. Mortality Schedules can be obtained for 1860, 1870 and 1880. Columbia Co. Industry and Agriculture Schedules can be obtained for 1860, 1870 and 1880. Columbia Co. Union Veterans Schedules can be acquired for 1890. You'll find free online and also printable census forms to help you with your research. See Also Arkansas Census Records Research Guide

Columbia County, AR Courthouse and Government Records

Columbia County Courthouse

What genealogical records can I find in the Columbia County Courthouse?
The below facts shows exactly what death, marriage, birth, property, wills, and court records are typically in Columbia County. The years listed below are the first noted records with this county. See Also Arkansas Corthouse Records Research Guide.

All County Offices Records are located in the Courthouse at #1 Court Square, Magnolia 71753; 870-234-2542, unless otherwise noted. 

  • Columbia County Clerk of Circuit Court is the clerk of the circuit, chancery court, and juvenile court and usually acts as the ex-officio recorder of Columbia county. The duties of the clerk are to maintain a record of all proceedings of the circuit, chancery and juvenile courts and to prepare the dockets for courts in Columbia County. They are also the ex-officio Columbia county recorder; and is responsible for recording deeds, mortgages, liens, and surety bonds, and many other orders and instruments which involve property within Columbia county.
    • Phone: (870) 235-3700
    • Court Records: 1853
    • Land Records: 1853
    • Divorce Records: are maintained among the equity records (Divorces issued prior to 1950 are located here. Divorces issued after 1950 can be found  at the Arkansas Department of Public Health)
  • Columbia County Clerk, as clerk to the probate court, the clerk files all instruments making them a matter of record in descendent estate cases, and swears in all witnesses in contested estates. The clerk, also in this capacity, maintains all records relative to adoptions and guardianship cases within Columbia county.
    • Phone: 870-235-3774
    • Marriage Records:1853 
    • Probate Records:1853
  • Columbia County Assessor's Office maintains County tax records. These records are usually arranged by legal description and are not indexed.
    • Phone: 870-234-4380
  • BLM Land Records

Columbia County, AR Societies and Family History Resources

What genealogical and historical societies, archives, museums, associations and libraries are available for Columbia County, AR?
A list of Columbia County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Libraries, Archives. See also list of Statewide Arkansas Archives, Historical & Genealogical Societies.

Where can I connect with other Columbia County, AR Researchers through message boards and forums?

What other genealogical resources are available in Columbia County, AR?
The following are web links to Genealogy, Records and Resources pertaining to Columbia County. A lot of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Professional Sites, Private Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some have to have a cost. This is merely a list which has been compiled or submitted. I do not recommend or promote one genealogy site above another.

Columbia Co. AR Books, Newspapers & Publications

Columbia Co. AR Cemeteries & Church Records

Columbia Co. AR Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Columbia Co. AR General and History Websites

Columbia Co. AR Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Columbia Co. AR Military Records

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