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Monroe County, Iowa
Genealogy, History & Facts

Monroe County, Iowa Facts

When was Monroe County, IA Created?
Monroe County was established on February 17, 1843 as Kishkekosh County (Organized in 1845) from Unorganized Territory. Renamed to Monroe on August 1, 1846. The county was named in honor of James Monroe (1758–1831), the fifth president of the United States.

What is the County Seat of Monroe County, IA?
The County Seat is located in Albia and the county government website is

What counties are adjacent to Monroe County, IA?
Bordering Counties are Marion CountyMahaska CountyWapello CountyAppanoose CountyLucas County.

What cities and towns are in Monroe County, IA?
Cities and towns located in the County include Albia, Eddyville, Lovilia, Melrose.

Monroe County, IA Vital Records

Where can find Monroe County Birth, marriage, Divorce and Death Records?
Monroe County vital records can be found at the Iowa Office of Vital Records which has copies of birth, marriage and death records from July 1880. There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Iowa for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Monroe County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also Order Electronically Online or can download an application for Iowa Birth CertificateMarriage CertificateDeath Certificate Application to mail.

Monroe County, IA Census Records

What Monroe County, IA census records are available?
There are many types of census records for Monroe County guide you in researching your family tree. Federal Population Schedules are available for 1850186018701880 (free index)1890 (fragment)19001910192019301940.

Monroe Co. Mortality Schedules can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Monroe Co. Industry and Agriculture can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Monroe Co. Union Veterans Schedules is available for 1890.

Another Iowa census is the Iowa State Census Collection from 1836-1925. One can find free online and printable census forms to help you with your research. See Also Iowa Census Records Research Guide

Monroe County, IA Courthouse and Government Records

Monroe County Courthouse

What genealogical records can I find in the Monroe County Courthouse?
The below facts shows exactly what death, marriage, birth, property, wills, and court records are typically in Monroe County. The years listed below are the first noted records with this county. See Also Iowa Corthouse Records Research Guide.

  • Monroe County Courthouse (all departments listed below are located here, unless otherwise noted)
    • Address: 10 Benton Ave E, Albia, IA 52531
    • Phone: (641) 932-5212
  • Monroe County Recorder’s Office maintains official records of documents affecting title to real estate. Every real estate transaction that takes place begins in the Recorder’s Office. One of the major duties of the office is the management of public records. As a result, accuracy and preservation of records are a must in the Recorder’s Office. In addition to real estate transactions, the Recorder’s Office issues titles and liens; records veterans discharge papers; processes passport applications; accepts marriage applications and issues the subsequent license; issues certified copies of birth, death and marriage records as well as other numerous duties.
    • Birth / Death Records: 1880
    • Marriage Records: 1845
    • Land Records: 1847
  • Monroe County Clerk of Court manages and maintains all trial court records, including pleadings, evidence and orders. The clerks of court have hundreds of administrative duties. They accept and process fines, fees and court costs owed to the state, child support checks, and civil judgments owed to litigants. They maintain a record of liens on all real estate in the county. Clerks help with involuntary hospitalization cases. They have the authority to dispose of scheduled violations which are not contested and do not require a court hearing. Clerks are also responsible for informing state and local government agencies of court orders.
    • Probate Records: 1848
    • Court Records: 1847
  • BLM Land Records

Monroe County, IA Societies and Family History Resources

What genealogical and historical societies, archives, museums, associations and libraries are available for Monroe County, IA?
A list of Monroe County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Libraries, Archives. See also list of Statewide Iowa Archives, Historical & Genealogical Societies.

Where can I connect with other Monroe County, IA Researchers through message boards and forums?

What other genealogical resources are available in Monroe County, IA?
The following are web links to Genealogy, Records and Resources pertaining to Monroe County. Many of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Business oriented Sites, Private Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some have to have a cost. This is simply a list which has been compiled or submitted. I do not endorse or promote one genealogy site over another.

Monroe Co. IA Books, Newspapers & Publications

Monroe Co. IA Cemeteries & Church Records

Monroe Co. IA Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Monroe Co. IA General and History Websites

Monroe Co. IA Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Monroe Co. IA Military Records

Monroe Co. IA Schools & Directories