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Monroe County, Florida
Genealogy, History & Facts

Monroe County, Florida Facts

When was Monroe County, FL Created?
Monroe County was created on July 3, 1823 from Saint Johns County. This county was named for James Monroe (1758–1831), fifth President of the United States.

What is the County Seat of Monroe County, FL?
The County Seat is located in Key West also, the county government website is

What counties are adjacent to Monroes County, FL?
Bordering Counties are Collier CountyMiami-Dade County.

What cities and towns are in Monroe County, FL?
Cities and towns located in the County include Key West, Marathon, Key Colony Beach, Layton, Islamorada.

Monroe County, FL Vital Records

Where can find Monroe County Birth, marriage, Divorce and Death Records?
Monroe County vital records can be found at the Florida Office of Vital Records which has copies of Birth & Deaths reported 1917 to present and Divorce & Marriages since June 6, 1927. There is a fee for each copy requested. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Florida for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Monroe County Birth, Marriage, Divorce or Death Records. You can also Order Electronically Online or can download an application for Florida Birth CertificateMarriage CertificateDivorce CertificateDeath Certificate Applications to mail.

Vital Records can also be found in the Monroe County Health Department has copies of Birth & Death certificates. Also has computer access from 1917 to present for birth records for the entire state as well as births that occurred in this county.

Monroe County, FL Census Records

What Monroe County, FL census records are available?
There are many types of census records for Monroe County guide you in researching your family tree. Federal Population Schedules are available for 1830 (as Florida Territory), 1840 (as Florida Territory), 18501850186018701880 (free index)1890 (fragment)19001910192019301940.

Monroe Co. Mortality Schedules can be found for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Monroe Co. Industry and Agriculture can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Monroe Co. Union Veterans Schedules is available for 1890. The Slave Schedules exist for 1850 & 1860.

There are Florida State censuses from 1867, 1875, 1885, 1935, 1945. You can get free downloadable and also printable census forms to help you with your research. See Also Florida Census Records Research Guide

Monroe County, FL Courthouse and Government Records

Monroe County Courthouse

What genealogical records can I find in the Monroe County Courthouse?
The below facts shows exactly what death, marriage, birth, property, wills, and court records are typically in Monroe County. The years listed below are the first noted records with this county. See Also Florida Corthouse Records Research Guide.

  • Monroe County Courthouse (all departments listed below are located here, unless otherwise noted)
    • Address: P.O. Box 1980, Key West, FL 33040 or 500 Whitehead Street, Key West, FL 33040
  • Monroe County Clerk of the Circuit Court / County Clerk is custodian of all records of all predecessor courts, whether justice of the peace, city, county, probate, civil, or criminal.
    • Phone: (305) 294-4641 ext. 3314
    • Marriage Records: 1826
    • Land Records: 1826
    • Probate Records: 1888
    • Court Records: ?
  • Monroe County Tax Collector collects all real estate taxes including postponed and delinquent, all county revenues in addition to the research and issue tax deed applications. Our department is the holder of tax records and assessed values.
  • Florida Land Records
  • BLM Land Records

Monroe County, FL Societies and Family History Resources

What genealogical and historical societies, archives, museums, associations and libraries are available for Monroe County, FL?
A list of Monroe County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Libraries, Archives. See also list of Statewide Florida Archives, Historical & Genealogical Societies.

Where can I connect with other Monroe County, FL Researchers through message boards and forums?

What other genealogical resources are available in Monroe County, FL?
The following are web links to Genealogy, Records and Resources pertaining to Monroe County. A lot of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Business oriented Sites, Private Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some require a fee. This is just a directory which has been collected or submitted. I do not endorse or promote one genealogy site over another.

Monroe Co. FL Books, Newspapers & Publications

Monroe Co. FL Cemeteries & Church Records

Monroe Co. FL Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Monroe Co. FL General and History Websites

Monroe Co. FL Immigration & Naturalization

Monroe Co. FL Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Monroe Co. FL Military Records

Monroe Co. FL Schools & Directories