Search For Your Ancestors

Polk County, Arkansas
Genealogy, History & Facts

Polk County, Arkansas Facts

When was Polk County, AR Created?
Polk County was established on November 30, 1844 and was formed from Sevier County.

What is the County Seat of Polk County, AR?
The County Seat is located in Mena (the first county seat was at a settlement called Panther before moving to Mena) and in addition the county government website is

What counties are adjacent to Polk County, AR?
Bordering Counties are Scott CountyMontgomery CountyHoward CountySevier CountyMcCurtain County, Oklahoma, Le Flore County, Oklahoma.

Polk County, AR Vital Records

Where can find Polk County Birth, marriage, Divorce and Death Records?
Polk County vital records can be found at the Arkansas Deptartment of Health has Birth & Death records since February 1, 1914, Marriage Records since January 1917 and Divorce Records since January 1923. You may go to the Polk County health department to obtain a Birth or Death certificates which can be issued while you wait. Please refer to the information to the Statewide Vital Records in Arkansas for current fees and application process.

You can search online for Polk County BirthMarriageDivorce or Death Records. You can also order Order Electronically Online or you can download an application for copies of Polk Co. Birth CertificatesMarriage CertificatesDivorce CertificatesDeath Certificates  to mail.

Polk County, AR Census Records

What Polk County, AR census records are available?
There are many types of census records for Polk County guide you in researching your family tree. Federal Population Schedules are available for 1850186018701880 (free index)1890 (fragment)1900191019201930 and 1940.

Polk Co. Slave Schedules can be acquired for 1850 & 1860. Polk Co. Mortality Schedules can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Polk Co. Industry and Agriculture Schedules can be obtained for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880. Polk Co. Union Veterans Schedules can be acquired for 1890. You’ll find free online and also printable census forms to help you with your research. See Also Arkansas Census Records Research Guide

Polk County, AR Courthouse and Government Records

Polk County Courthouse

What genealogical records can I find in the Polk County Courthouse?

Researchers frequently overlook the great importance of Polk County court, probate, and land records data as a useful resource of ancestry and genealogy information. Buried away in Arkansas courthouses and archives everywhere are the ambitions and frustrations of countless Arkansas residents.

The possibilities are excellent that your forefathers have left a comprehensive document of at least a number of facets of their lives in the Polk County court records. Even if your forebears is not referred to in a Court case, contemplate all of the other procedures that could have lead to him or her to appear in court records. See Also Arkansas Corthouse Records Research Guide.

All County Offices Records are located in the Courthouse at 507 Church Avenue, Mena 71953; 479-394-8130, unless otherwise noted.

  • Polk County Clerk of Circuit Court
    • Phone: (479) 394-8100
    • Court Records: 1900
    • Land Records: 1885
  • Polk County Clerk 
    • Phone: (479) 394-8123
    • Marriage Records: 1881
    • Probate Records: 1885
  • BLM Land Records

Polk County, AR Societies and Family History Resources

What genealogical and historical societies, archives, museums, associations and libraries are available for Polk County, AR?
A list of Polk County Historical  and Genealogical Societies, Libraries, Archives. See also list of Statewide Arkansas Archives, Historical & Genealogical Societies.

Where can I connect with other Polk County, AR Researchers through message boards and forums?

What other genealogical resources are available in Polk County, AR?
The following are web links to Genealogy, Records and Resources pertaining to Polk County. A lot of these genealogy links fall into 3 categories: Professional Sites, Private Sites or Organization Sites. Some have free access some have to have a cost. This is merely a list which has been compiled or submitted. I do not recommend or promote one genealogy site above another.

Polk Co. AR Books, Newspapers & Publications

Polk Co. AR Cemeteries & Church Records

Polk Co. AR Family Websites, Pictures & Histories

Polk Co. AR General and History Websites

Polk Co. AR Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers

Polk Co. AR Military Records